|Died||November 22, 1981 (aged 74)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Education||National Academy of Design|
|Known for||Painting, murals, art education|
|Movement||Abstract art, cubism, geometric abstraction, neoclassicism|
Ilya Bolotowsky (July 1, 1907 – November 22, 1981) was a leading early 20th-century Russian-American painter in abstract styles in New York City. His work, a search for philosophical order through visual expression, embraced cubism and geometric abstraction and was influenced by Dutch painter Piet Mondrian.
Born to Jewish parents in St. Petersburg, Russia, Bolotowsky lived in Baku and Constantinople before immigrating to the United States in 1923, where he settled in New York City. He attended the National Academy of Design. He became associated with a group called "The Ten Whitney Dissenters" or simply "The Ten", a group of artists including Louis Schanker, Adolph Gottlieb, Mark Rothko, Ben-Zion, and Joseph Solman who rebelled against the strictures of the Academy and held independent exhibitions.
Bolotowsky was strongly influenced by Dutch painter Piet Mondrian and the tenets of De Stijl, a movement that advocated the possibility of ideal order in the visual arts. Bolotowsky adopted Mondrian's use of horizontal and vertical geometric pattern and a palette restricted to primary colors and neutrals.
Having turned to geometric abstractions, in 1936 Bolotowsky co-founded American Abstract Artists, a cooperative formed to promote the interests of abstract painters and to increase understanding between themselves and the public.
Bolotowsky's 1936 mural for the Williamsburg Housing Project in Brooklyn was one of the first abstract murals done under the Federal Art Project.
In the 1960s, he began making three-dimensional forms, usually vertical and straight-sided. Bolotowsky's work was exhibited at the University of New Mexico in 1970.
Bolotowsky's first solo museum show was in 1974 at New York City's Guggenheim Museum and went on to the National Collection of Fine Arts.
His work has been exhibited at the Anita Shapolsky Gallery in New York City.
A Bolotowsky painting bought at a North Carolina Goodwill store for $9.99 was auctioned at Sotheby's in September 2012 for $34,375.
Bolotowsky taught at Black Mountain College from 1946 to 1948. The artists Kenneth Noland and Ruth Asawa were among his students. He taught humanities and fine arts at the Southampton, New York campus of Long Island University, the State University of New York at New Paltz, the University of Wisconsin, Whitewater, and the University of New Mexico.
- The Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Plaza Art Collection
- Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Museum of Modern Art
- Smithsonian American Art Museum
- Black Mountain College Museum + Arts Center
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- ^ Weiss, Jeffrey; Gage, John; Rothko, Mark (1998). Mark Rothko. Yale University Press. p. 337. ISBN 0300081936.
The Ten, artists rothko bolotowsky.
- ^ Bolotowsky, Ilya (1974). Ilya Bolotowsky: The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation.
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- ^ "New York Magazine". May 28, 1990.
- ^ Bolotowsky, Ilya (1970). "Ilya Bolotowsky; Paintings & Columns".
- ^ J.D. Cohn. Bolotowsky paintings & columns, March 30 – April 25, 1974. Borgenicht Gallery, New York City.
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- ^ Salvesen, Magda; Cousineau, Diane (2005). Artists' Estates: Reputations in Trust. ISBN 9780813536040. Archived from the original on June 23, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
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- ^ "New York Magazine". December 24–31, 1990. Archived from the original on July 13, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- ^ "Surprise Find at Goodwill Store Brings Thousands". kovels.com. September 26, 2012.
- ^ "Artists & Designers - Ilya Bolotowsky (1907-1981) - DMA Collection Online".
- ^ Morgan, Ann Lee (October 4, 2018). The Oxford Dictionary of American Art & Artists. ISBN 9780191073885.
- ^ "Line of Spirit". 1993.
- ^ "Kenneth Noland". Archived from the original on June 2, 2019. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
- ^ Katz, Vincent. "Vincent Katz on Ruth Asawa (1926–2013)". www.artforum.com. Retrieved March 3, 2023.
- ^ John Krushenick. Ilya Bolotowsky, April 21 – May 28, 1978. Exhibition catalog. Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, Indiana.
- ^ "Ilya Bolotowsky | Large Blue Horizontal".
- ^ "Ilya Bolotowsky | MoMA".
- ^ "Ilya Bolotowsky | Smithsonian American Art Museum".
- List of artworks by Ilya Bolotowsky at The Smithsonian American Art Museum
- American Abstract Artists
- Ilya Bolotowsky Bio - Findlay Galleries
- Vivien Raynor. Art: Ilya Borotowsky. New York Times, February 4, 1983
- 1907 births
- 1981 deaths
- 20th-century American painters
- American male painters
- People from Baku
- Painters from New York City
- American muralists
- Jewish American artists
- Jewish painters
- Soviet emigrants to the United States
- Jews from the Russian Empire
- National Academy of Design alumni
- Black Mountain College faculty
- Long Island University faculty
- Federal Art Project artists
- 20th-century American printmakers
- 20th-century American Jews
- 20th-century American male artists
- Members of the American Academy of Arts and Letters