Ilya Fondaminsky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ilya Fondaminsky
Born Илья Исидорович Фондаминский
(1880-02-17)February 17, 1880
Moscow, Russian Empire
Died November 19, 1942(1942-11-19) (aged 62)
Oświęcim, Lesser Poland
Occupation writer, political activist, editor, philanthropist
Years active 1890s-1942

Ilya Isidorovich Fondaminsky (Илья′ Исидо′рович Фондами′нский, February 17, 1880,[1] Moscow, Russia — November 19, 1942, Auschwitz, (Oświęcim, Nazi-occupied Lesser Poland) was a Jewish Russian author (writing under the pseudonym Bunakov) and political activist, in 1910s one of the leaders of the ultra left Esers party, in 1917 a senior member of the Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government.[2]

In 1918 Fondaminsky took part in the Jassy Conference. In France where he was living since immigration in 1919, Fondaminsky veered off from the left and became an influential newspaper editor (Sovremennye Zapisky, among others), author of philosophical essays and in the later years — much admired philanthropist, supporting Christian magazines and charity funds. Facing the Nazi occupation, Fondaminsky refused to leave Paris, saying he was willing to accept his destiny whatever it may be. Arrested in July 1941 and sent to the concentration camp, he adopted Christianity and was christened a Russian Orthodox not long before being sent to Auschwitz. Ilya Fondaminsky died there on November 19, 1942.[3] In 2003 he was officially pronounced a Russian Orthodox saintly martyr by the Patriarch of Constantinople.[4][2]


  1. ^ Shkarovsky, M.V. "Илья Фондаминский – ученый, политик, литератор, святой // Ylya Fondaminsky: a scientist, a politician, a literary man, a saint". Петербургская духовная академия / St Petersburg Religious Academy. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  2. ^ a b Skorkin, Konstantin. "Святой эсер / The Saintly Eser". Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  3. ^ Radulescu, Domnica (2002). Realms of Exile: Nomadism, Diasporas, and Eastern European Voices. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-7391-0333-3. 
  4. ^ "The Saintly Martyrs of Paris". The Alphabet of Faith. Russian Orthodox Site. 2004. Retrieved 2015-01-01. 

External links[edit]