Ilya Lifshitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz
Ilya Lifshitz.jpg
Born (1917-01-13)January 13, 1917
Kharkiv, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died October 23, 1982(1982-10-23) (aged 65)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR
Fields Physics
Institutions Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology Institute for Physical Problems
Alma mater University of Kharkiv, Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute
Doctoral advisor Lev Landau
Doctoral students Mark Azbel, Alexander Grosberg, Moisei Kaganov, Emanuil Kaner, Alexei Khokhlov, Arnold Kosevich, Valentin Peschansky, Vitaly Slezov, Vladimir Ulyanov
Known for Lifshitz tails, Lifshitz exponent, Self-averaging, spectral shift function, supersolidity
Notable awards Lenin prize

Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz (Russian: Илья́ Миха́йлович Ли́фшиц; January 13, 1917 – October 23, 1982) was a leading Soviet theoretical physicist, brother of Evgeny Lifshitz. He is known for his works in solid state physics, electron theory of metals, disordered systems, and the theory of polymers.[1][2]

Together with Arnold M. Kosevich established (1954) connection between the oscillation of magnetic characteristics of metals and the form of an electronic surface of Fermi (Lifshitz–Kosevich formula).

Lifshitz was one of the founders of the theory of disordered systems.[3] He introduced some of the basic notions, such as self-averaging, and discovered what is now called Lifshitz tails and Lifshitz singularity.

In perturbation theory, Lifshitz introduced[4] the notion of spectral shift function, which was later developed by Mark Krein.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Odijk, T. (1997). "Ilya M. Lifshitz. An appreciation". Physics Reports. 288: 9. Bibcode:1997PhR...288....9O. doi:10.1016/S0370-1573(97)00019-7. 
  2. ^ Grosberg, A. Yu.; Khokhlov, A. R. (1994). Statistical Physics of Macromolecules. Springer. ISBN 978-1-56396-071-0. 
  3. ^ Gredeskul, S.A.; Pastur, L.A. (1985). "Works of I. M. Lifshitz on disordered systems". J. Stat. Phys. 38 (1/2): 25–36. Bibcode:1985JSP....38...25G. doi:10.1007/BF01017846. 
  4. ^ Lifshitz, I.M. (1952). "On a problem of the theory of perturbations connected with quantum statistics". Uspekhi Mat. Nauk. 7 (1 (47)): 171–180. 

External links[edit]