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Imagawayaki 001.jpg
Place of originJapan
Region or stateJapan, Taiwan, South Korea
Main ingredientsBatter, sweet azuki bean paste

Imagawayaki (今川焼き) is a Japanese dessert often found at Japanese festivals as well as outside Japan, in countries such as Taiwan and South Korea. It is made of batter in a special pan (similar to a waffle iron but without the honeycomb pattern), and filled with sweet azuki bean paste, although it is becoming increasingly popular to use a wider variety of fillings such as vanilla custard, different fruit custards and preserves, curry, different meat and vegetable fillings, potato and mayonnaise.[1][2] Imagawayaki are similar to dorayaki, but the latter are two separate pancakes sandwiched around the filling after cooking, and are often served cold.

Imagawayaki began to be sold near the Kanda's Imagawabashi Bridge during the An'ei years (1772–1781) in the Edo period. The name imagawayaki originates from this time.

Various names[edit]

Imagawayaki (gozasōrō) being prepared in a store in Sannomiya, Kobe, Japan

Imagawayaki has various names by areas and eras.

  • Ōban-yaki (大判焼き) — is major in Kansai region.
  • Kaiten-yaki (回転焼き) or Kaiten manjū (回転饅頭) — is major in Kansai and Kyūshū region.
  • Nijū-yaki (二重焼き)
  • Koban-yaki (小判焼き)
  • Gishi-yaki (義士焼き)
  • Tomoe-yaki (巴焼き)
  • Taiko-yaki (太鼓焼き) or Taiko manjū (太鼓饅頭)
  • Bunka-yaki (文化焼き)
  • Taishō-yaki (大正焼き)
  • Jiyū-yaki (自由焼き)
  • Fūfu manjū (夫婦饅頭) or Fū man (フーマン)
  • Oyaki (おやき) — is in some of Aomori Prefecture and Hokkaidō, and different from "oyaki" in Nagano Prefecture.

By the store or the company[edit]

  • Gozasōrō (御座候) — is a product name of Gozasōrō Inc which was established in 1950 in Himeji. It means "thank you for the purchase" in an archaic style.[3]
  • Higiri-yaki (ひぎりやき) — is a product name of Sawai Honpo Inc in Ehime. It originates in Higiri jizō near the Matsuyama Station.[4]
  • Jiman'yaki (自慢焼き) — is the name used by the Fuji Ice shop in Nagano.

Historical and inactive[edit]

  • Fukkō-yaki (復興焼き, "revival-yaki") — The song on the occasion of the revival after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, is mentioned that imagawayaki was renamed fukkōyaki.[5]


Imagawayaki were introduced to Taiwan during the period of Japanese rule in Taiwan and are now a traditional snack in Taiwan. They are commonly called "red bean (i.e. azuki) cakes" (Chinese: 紅豆餅; pinyin: hóngdòu bǐng). However some of the older generation may directly use the Japanese term taiko manjū (太鼓饅頭), and in the greater Taipei area, they are also referred to as "wheel cakes" (Chinese: 車輪餅; pinyin: chēlún bǐng).

South Korea[edit]

Imagawayaki is known as 오방떡 (obang tteok) or 홍두병 (hongdu byeong) in South Korea


The Filipino counterpart, locally known as "Japanese cakes", are similar to imagawayaki but of a smaller serving size and is usually filled with cheese slices. This inexpensive snack is commonly found sold on special tricycle carts that have a built-in custom-made circular cooking mold. Other fillings are also available with sweet (strawberry, chocolate) and savory (ham and cheese) fillings.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Japanese Pastry aka Imagawa-Yaki Tasting at Fulfilled - CATERING ONLY". Pleasure Palate. May 5, 2009. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  2. ^ "Nichirei Custard Cream Imagawayaki". Japanese Snack Reviews. October 12, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  3. ^ Kobe Shimbun, June 28th, 2003.
  4. ^ Ehime Shimbun, March 5th, 2005.
  5. ^ Satsuki Soeda and Hakurui Shibuya, "Fukkou bushi" (復興節), 1923. JASRAC 074-0605-3.
  6. ^ "Japanese Cake (Pinoy-Style) Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy Recipes. September 26, 2017. Retrieved December 31, 2020.

External links[edit]