From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Place of originJapan
Region or stateJapan, Taiwan, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsBatter, sweet azuki bean paste

Imagawayaki (今川焼き) is a Japanese dessert often found at Japanese festivals as well as outside Japan, in countries such as Taiwan and South Korea. It is made of batter in a special pan (similar to a waffle iron but without the honeycomb pattern), and filled with sweet azuki bean paste, although it is becoming increasingly popular to use a wider variety of fillings such as vanilla custard, different fruit custards and preserves, curry, different meat and vegetable fillings, potato and mayonnaise.[1][2] Imagawayaki are similar to dorayaki, but the latter are two separate pancakes sandwiched around the filling after cooking, and are often served cold.

Imagawayaki were first sold near the Kanda's Imagawabashi Bridge during the An'ei era (1772–1781) of the Edo period (1603–1867). The name imagawayaki originates from this time.

Various names[edit]

Imagawayaki (gozasōrō) being prepared in a store in Sannomiya, Kobe, Japan

Imagawayaki have been known by various names throughout different eras. Names also vary regionally, and some varieties sold only in certain stores have their own names.

  • Ōban-yaki (大判焼き)Kansai region.
  • Kaiten-yaki (回転焼き) or Kaiten manjū (回転饅頭)Kansai and Kyūshū region.
  • Nijū-yaki (二重焼き)
  • Koban-yaki (小判焼き)
  • Gishi-yaki (義士焼き)
  • Tomoe-yaki (巴焼き)
  • Taiko-yaki (太鼓焼き) or Taiko manjū (太鼓饅頭)
  • Bunka-yaki (文化焼き)
  • Taishō-yaki (大正焼き)
  • Jiyū-yaki (自由焼き)
  • Fūfu manjū (夫婦饅頭) or Fū man (フーマン)
  • Oyaki (おやき) – some of Aomori Prefecture and Hokkaidō, and different from the oyaki of Nagano Prefecture.

By store or company[edit]

  • Gozasōrō (御座候) – product name for imagawayaki produced by Gozasōrō Inc, established in 1950 in Himeji. It means "thank you for the purchase" in an archaic style.[3]
  • Higiri-yaki (ひぎりやき) – product name for imagawayaki produced by Sawai Honpo Inc in Ehime. It originates in Higiri jizō near the Matsuyama Station.[4]
  • Jiman'yaki (自慢焼き) – product name for imagawayaki used by the Fuji Ice shop in Nagano.

Historical and inactive[edit]

  • Fukkō-yaki (復興焼き, "revival yaki") – in the song on the occasion of the revival after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, is mentioned that imagawayaki was renamed fukkōyaki.[5]


Imagawayaki were introduced to Taiwan during the period of Japanese rule in Taiwan and are now a traditional snack in Taiwan. They are commonly called wheelcakes (Chinese: 車輪餅; pinyin: chēlún bǐng).[6][7] However, some of the older generation may directly use the Japanese term taiko manjū (太鼓饅頭).[8]

South Korea[edit]

Imagawayaki are known as 오방떡 (obang tteok) or 홍두병 (紅豆餅/hongdu byeong) in South Korea.


Imagawayaki are known as tokiwado in Malaysia.


The Filipino counterpart, locally known as "Japanese cakes", are similar to imagawayaki but of a smaller serving size and are usually filled with cheese slices. This inexpensive snack is commonly found sold on special tricycle carts that have a built-in custom-made circular cooking mold. Other fillings are also available with sweet (strawberry, chocolate) and savory (ham and cheese) fillings.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Japanese Pastry aka Imagawa-Yaki Tasting at Fulfilled - CATERING ONLY". Pleasure Palate. May 5, 2009. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  2. ^ "Nichirei Custard Cream Imagawayaki". Japanese Snack Reviews. October 12, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  3. ^ Kobe Shimbun, June 28th, 2003.
  4. ^ Ehime Shimbun, March 5th, 2005.
  5. ^ Satsuki Soeda and Hakurui Shibuya, "Fukkou bushi" [復興節], 1923. JASRAC 074-0605-3.
  6. ^ "Rebranded as 'UFO cakes' Taiwanese delicacy is cherished by Vietnamese". Taipei Times. 30 January 2023. Retrieved 22 June 2023.
  7. ^ "We come in pieces: 'Taiwanese UFO pancake' lands in Vietnam". Focus Taiwan. 21 January 2023. Retrieved 22 June 2023.
  8. ^ "Catmint Wheel Cake". 7 October 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2023.
  9. ^ "Japanese Cake (Pinoy-Style) Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy Recipes. September 26, 2017. Retrieved December 31, 2020.

External links[edit]