Imam Fassi

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Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Fassi (commonly known as Qutbul Ujud Imam Fassi), who was born in Fes in 1173 Hijri (ca 1760 CE)[1] or 1218 Hijri[2] and died in 1280 Hijri, ca 1863 CE,[1] was the originator of the Fassi family of Sheikhs who constitute the Fassiyatush Shadhiliyya Sufi order.[1]

Early life[edit]

The boy who later became known as Imam Fassi was born in the year 1173 Hijri (ca 1760 CE)[1] or 1218 Hijri[2] in Fes in Morocco, from which the family name "al-Fassi" had earlier been derived.[1] His mother died during his very childhood. He was a hafil al-Quran during his childhood and travelled to various parts of the world and finally Makkah in search of wisdom.[citation needed]

Names[edit]

Imam Fassi can be briefly referred to as Qutbul Ujud or Qutbul Ujud Hazrat Fassi.[3] Some of the full versions of his name include Qutbur Rabbani, Haikalus Samadhani, ... Qutbul ujood, ... Abu Abdullah Seiyaduna Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Masood bin Abdur Rahman al-Makki al-Maqribi al-Fassi ash-Shadhili (Rali.)[2] or Hazrat Qutbul Ujud Seyyidina Mohammad al-Fassy ash-Shadhili (Rah...).[4]

Education[edit]

Imam Fassi travelled to Mecca to memorise and learn the Quran with tajwid. He travelled to many places in search of good preachers. His main sheikh was Sidi al-Sheikh Muhammad bin Hamzah al-Madani[1] (Sheikh Qutb Mohammad bin Hamza lafir al-Madani (Rali…)[5]).

Fassiyatush Shadhiliyya[edit]

Imam Fassi and his descendants form a branch of Shadhiliyya[4] which is the only tariqush Shukr (Order of Gratitude).

The Spiritual Chain[edit]

The silsila of the Fassiyatush Shadhiliyya order (called as Silsilat ad dhahab) is as follows:[6][7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f al-Fassi, Hatoon Ajwad (2004-01-03). "The history of Al Fassiyyah and Shazuliya Tariqah". Daily News (Sri Lanka). Archived from the original on 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  2. ^ a b c "Birth of Sheikh Fassy". Fassiyathush Shazuliya. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  3. ^ "Education of Sheikh Fassy". Fassiyathush Shazuliya. 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-01-12. Retrieved 2012-01-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Fassy - The II Shazuli". Fassiyathush Shazuliya. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  5. ^ "Genealogy". Fassiyathush Shazuliya. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  6. ^ http://www.shazuli.com/basic-principles.html
  7. ^ http://shadhilitariqa.com/site/index.php?id=4&option=com_content&task=view
  8. ^ http://www.shazuli.com/geneology.html
  9. ^ http://www.dar-sirr.com/Shadhili.html
  10. ^ http://shadhilitariqa.com/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=12
  11. ^ http://occidentalexile.wordpress.com/silsila