Imee Marcos

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In this Philippine name. The middle name or maternal family name is Romualdez and the surname or paternal family name is Marcos.
The Honorable
Imee Marcos
Governor Imee Marcos.jpg
Governor of Ilocos Norte
Assumed office
June 30, 2010
Preceded by Michael Marcos Keon
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Ilocos Norte's 2nd District
In office
June 30, 1998 – June 30, 2007
Preceded by Simeon M. Valdez
Succeeded by Ferdinand R. Marcos, Jr.
Mambabatas Pambansa (Assemblyman) from Ilocos Norte
In office
June 30, 1984 – March 25, 1986
Served with:
Antonio V. Raquiza
Personal details
Born Maria Imelda Josefa Romualdez Marcos
(1955-11-12) November 12, 1955 (age 61)
Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines
Nationality Filipino
Political party KBL (1980–2009)
Nacionalista (2009–present)
Spouse(s) Tommy Manotoc (separated)
Children 3
Residence Batac, Ilocos Norte
Alma mater Princeton University
Asian Institute of Management
Profession Politician

Maria Imelda Josefa "Imee" Romualdez Marcos (born November 12, 1955) is the eldest daughter of former President of the Philippines and former dictator Ferdinand E. Marcos and former First Lady Imelda R. Marcos. She is a Filipino politician who has been Governor of Ilocos Norte since 2010. She served three terms as Representative of the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte in the Philippine House of Representatives from 1998 until 2007. She formerly belonged to the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan or KBL party of her father, President Marcos.[1] Subsequently, she joined the alliance of the Nacionalista Party of Manny Villar in support of her mother and her brother. She is the sister of Ilocos Norte Senator Ferdinand Marcos, Jr., who replaced her as Representative for the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte.

Early life and career[edit]

Imee Marcos is the eldest child of Ferdinand Marcos, who was President from 1965 to 1986, and his wife, former First Lady Imelda Marcos, both of whom exercised autocratic rule over the country from December 1965 to February 1986. She was born on November 12, 1955, in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila.[1] She has a younger brother, Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos, Jr., a former Senator of the Philippines (2010–16), and two younger sisters, Irene Marcos-Araneta,[2] a socialite, and Aimee Marcos, who was adopted and works as an entrepreneur and musician.[3]

Marcos, who turned ten the day after her father was elected in 1965, grew up as a young child at Malacañan Palace, the official residence of the President. In an interview with Filipinas Magazine in 1999, she admitted that she was uncomfortable living in the Palace because it was too confining, very formal, and fixed. She also added that it is "not necessarily the most appropriate place to bring up a kid but it was quite nice".[4]

While living at the Palace, Marcos attended regular schools in Manila, then was tutored at the Palace because they found it difficult to go out because of protest rallies outside Malacañang.[5] This she found the most boring thing that happened, to learn without classmates.[5]

During the dictatorial regime, Imee Marcos was the equivalent of Kris Aquino. Imee was a precocious daughter. Like Kris, she loved acting. I remember that Manila's wealthy 100 all turned out for her debut onstage in the play "Mother Courage"[6]

Torture and murder of Archimedes Trajano[edit]

The torture and killing of Archimedes Trajano was attributed to Imee Marcos, then the National Chairman of the Kabataang Barangay youth organization. "On August 31, 1977, Archimedes Trajano, a 21-year-old student of Mapua Institute of Technology, attended an open forum with Imee Marcos, 21-year-old daughter of the dictator. Her father had appointed her National Chairman of the Kabataang Barangay youth organization. When Trajano questioned her about her appointment, Imee apparently became irritated. Her guards seized Trajano and dragged him away. His body was found hours later: he had been severely tortured and beaten to death."[6]

Nine years after the killing of Archimedes Trajano, his mother, Agapita Trajano, pressed charges against Imee Marcos and her accomplices for "false imprisonment, kidnapping, wrongful death, and a deprivation of rights" of her son. The Honolulu district court awarded $2.5 million in punitive damages, $1.25 million for mental anguish to Agapita Trajano and $246,966 in attorney's fees and costs against Imee Marcos for the murder of Archimedes Trajano, by Marcos's personal bodyguards.[7]


Marcos went to the Institucion Teresiana (Poveda Learning Center) from Kindergarten to Grade IV where she earned First Honors. She attended Assumption Convent at Herran St. in Manila for Grade V to First Year High School where she also earned First Honors. Then, she went to the American School in Makati.[1]

Imee, her brother Ferdinand Jr. (Bongbong) and sister, Irene had been studying in England before Marcos signed Proclamation No. 1081 on September 21, 1972. They stayed there for a few years until they finished their studies. But they came home for Christmas and summer holidays.[5]

She completed a B.A. degree in Religion and Politics at Princeton University.[8]

After their return to the Philippines, Marcos was chairperson of the Kabataang Barangay (a youth organization).[5] Then, she earned her M.A. in Management and Business Administration from the Asian Institute of Management in Makati.[9] She did her graduate study in anthropology, sociology, literature, arts, history and theater at Princeton University in New Jersey and the University of the Philippines in Diliman. Marcos also studied French and Dialectical Arabic at the Royal University of Rabat in Morocco.

Imee was counsel at the Center for Legal Aid at the U.P. College of Law. She was also a consultant for corporate taxation of the Independent Realty Corp., Anchor Corp., Prime Holdings, MidPasig Realty Corp. She was columnist of The Manila Bulletin in Manila, publisher of the Filpino Film Review, publisher and editor of the Kabataang Barangay Foundation, Makati, Metro Manila, and special consultant to the chairman of the board of BBC-2, RPN 9 and IBC 13. From 1979 to 1986, she was consultant to the minister of the National Media Production Center in Quezon City. Then, from 1981 to 1986, she was director general of the Experimental Cinema of the Philippines.[9]

From 1975 to 1986, Marcos produced the television shows Kulit Bulilit and Kaluskos Musmos. She was director-general of Experimental Cinema of the Philippines from 1981 to 1986, and was co-producer of the films The Boatman, Brutal, and Scorpio Nights. She also wrote and produced some animation films.[10]

Imee also held the following positions:

  • Producer of Metro Magazine (1975–1986)
  • Founding Chair of the Kabataang Barangay Foundation (1975–1986)
  • Consultant/writer of the Children's Television Workshop for Asia and New York (1977–1979)
  • President/executive producer of Renegade Filmamakers (1996 to present)[10]

In 2007, along with some industry luminaries, Imee Marcos established the Creative Media and Film Society of the Philippines (CREAM). A year after CREAM evolved into CREAM Content Distribution, Inc., a production company that specializes in animation, game and film production. She is currently the president of CREAM.

Personal life[edit]

Marcos is married to, but separated from, businessman Tommy Manotoc, golfer and former professional basketball coach. They have three sons: Fernando Martín ("Borgy"), a commercial model and a DJ; Michael ("Mike"), a student at New York University; and Matthew Joseph ("MJ"), a student at Claremont McKenna College and the Senior Provincial Board Member of Ilocos Norte since June 30, 2016.[10] Manotoc's son with Miss International 1970 Aurora Pijuan, Tomás "TJ" Manotoc, is a sportscaster and news anchor.

Imee Marcos was named in the Offshore Leaks – Panama Papers, along with her three sons, Fernando "Borgy", Matthew Joseph, Ferdinand Richard Michael, her sister Irene Araneta, her brother-in-law Gregorio Maria Araneta III, and her estranged husband Tommy Manotoc's relatives Ricardo Gabriel Kalaw Manotoc, Teodoro Kalaw Manotoc, and Maria Eva Estrada Manotoc.[11][12][13]

Political career[edit]

Imee entered the world of politics as an Assemblyman from Ilocos Norte from June 30, 1984, up to March 25, 1986, together with Antonio V. Raquiza.

Twelve years later, she returned to the world of politics. She ran as Congresswoman of the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte and won. She assumed office on June 30, 1998, and ended June 30, 2007.

In the 2010 elections, she ran as Governor of Ilocos Norte against her cousin, Michael Marcos Keon, who was the governor during that time. She defeated her cousin by a landslide victory. Imee had 196,160 votes while her cousin, Gov. Michael had only 86,005 votes. She assumed office on June 30, 2010.

She was re-elected as Governor in the 2013 polls, unopposed. On October 16, 2015, she filed as a candidate for her third and final term.[14]


  1. ^ a b c "Curriculum Vitae: Hon. Imee R. Marcos" (PDF). Republic of the Philippines House of Representatives. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 24, 2005. 
  2. ^ Ferdinand Edralin Marcos Retrieved November 24, 2006. Archived January 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Biography for Imelda Marcos Retrieved November 24, 2006.
  4. ^ Imee Marcos (Filipinas, November 1999, by Marites N. Sison). Archived April 22, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ a b c d Cruz, Tati V. (September 2002). "Special Report: Imee Marcos". The Leader. Archived from the original on November 24, 2006. 
  6. ^ a b Robles, Raïssa. "OPINION: Imee Marcos told US court – yes, Archimedes Trajano was tortured and killed but it's none of your business". Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  7. ^ Rodis, Rodel. "Why PNoy copped out". Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Frank Senauth (March 2012). The Making of the Philippines. AuthorHouse. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-4685-5232-4. 
  9. ^ a b "Marcos, Ma. Imelda Romualdez". Congress, 13th House Database. [dead link]
  10. ^ a b c "Imee R. Marcos Biography". Imee Marcos Online. Archived from the original on November 18, 2006. 
  11. ^ "Imee Marcos Manotoc". Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Search results for "marcos"". Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Search results for "manotoc"". Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  14. ^ Geronimo, Jee (October 16, 2015). "3 generations of Marcoses run for local posts in Ilocos Norte". Rappler. Retrieved February 16, 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Vizmanos, Danilo, Through the Eye of the Storm (Ken Inc., Manila, 2000), ISBN 971-8558-41-1
  • Vizmanos, Danilo, Martial Law Diary: Part 1 (Popular Bookstore, Manila, 2003)
  • Seagrave, Sterling, The Marcos Dynasty (Harper & Row, New York, 1988), ISBN 0-06-015815-8

External links[edit]