Church of the Immaculate Conception, Farm Street

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Farm Street Church
Church of the Immaculate Conception,
Farm Street
The Immaculate Conception, Farm Street, London W1 - - 1536039.jpg
Entrance to the church on Farm Street
Farm Street Church is located in City of Westminster
Farm Street Church
Farm Street Church
Location of church within Westminster, London
Coordinates: 51°30′34″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5095°N 0.1491°W / 51.5095; -0.1491
OS grid referenceTQ2854580577
LocationMayfair, London
CountryUnited Kingdom
DenominationRoman Catholic
Religious orderSociety of Jesus
Founded1849 (1849)
Founder(s)Fr Randal Lythgoe SJ
DedicationImmaculate Conception of Mary
Consecrated31 July 1849
Functional statusParish Church
Heritage designationGrade II*
Designated24 February 1958[1]
Architect(s)Joseph John Scoles
StyleGothic Revival
ArchbishopMost Rev. Vincent Nichols
Priest(s)Fr Dominic Robinson SJ
Director of musicDavid Graham
Organist(s)Duncan Aspden

The Church of the Immaculate Conception, Farm Street, also known as Farm Street Church, is a Roman Catholic parish church run by the Society of Jesus in Mayfair, central London.[3] Its main entrance is in Farm Street, though it can also be accessed from the adjacent Mount Street Gardens. Sir Simon Jenkins, in his book England's Thousand Best Churches, describes the church as "Gothic Revival at its most sumptuous".[4]


View facing the altar


In the 1840s, when the Jesuits first began looking for a location for their London church, they found the site in a quiet back street. They found it in what was in fact the mews in a back street. The name 'Farm Street' derives from 'Hay Hill Farm' which, in the eighteenth century, extended from Hill Street eastward beyond Berkeley Square.[5] In 1843 Pope Gregory XVI received a petition from English Catholics for permission to erect a Jesuit Church in London and plans were accepted.[6]


The original intention of the Superior of the English Jesuits, Fr Randal Lythgoe, was for the church to have a capacity for 900 people. When this was found too expensive the church was built for a capacity of 475. The cost was £5,800 which came from multiple private benefactors.[6][5]

In 1844 the foundation stone was laid by Fr Lythgoe. Because of the limited size of the plot, the church was orientated north-south. The architect was Joseph John Scoles, who also designed the Church of St Francis Xavier in Liverpool, St Ignatius Church in Preston, and was father of Ignatius Scoles SJ, another architect, who designed St Wilfrid's Church also in Preston. Five years later on 31 July 1849, the feast of the Jesuit founder St Ignatius, the church was officially opened.[6]

The style is decorated gothic and the front of the church, towards Farm Street, is inspired by that of Beauvais Cathedral. The high altar was designed by Augustus Pugin.[4][6] Above Pugin's high altar are two mosaic panels depicting the Annunciation and the Coronation of the Virgin by Salviati.[7]

The church was remodelled in 1951 by Adrian Gilbert Scott, following damage sustained by the building during the Second World War.[6]

In his 1999 book England's Thousand Best Churches, Sir Simon Jenkins awards the church two stars but says "Not an inch of wall surface is without decoration, and this in the austere 1840s, not the colourful late-Victorian era. The right aisle carries large panels portraying the Stations of the Cross. The left aisle has side chapels and confessionals, ingeniously carved within the piers. In the west window above the gallery is excellent modern glass by Evie Hone of 1953, with the richness of colour of a Burne-Jones."[4]


Entrance and church organ

In the nineteenth century, the choir consisted only of men and boys drawn from the local Roman Catholic schools. After the First World War, the choir came under the direction of Fr John Driscoll SJ, who was later succeeded by Fernand Laloux, and the organist was Guy Weitz, a Belgian who had been a pupil of Charles-Marie Widor and Alexandre Guilmant. One of Weitz's most notable students was Nicholas Danby (1935–1997) who succeeded him as the church organist in 1967. Danby was also a tutor and taught John Keys, Paul Hale, and Robert Costin. His main achievement at Farm Street was re-establishing the choir in the early 1970s, following a period of change in the late 1960s, as a fully professional ensemble.[8]

Following Nicholas Danby's death in 1997, two of his students, Martyn Parry and David Graham, were appointed Joint Directors of Music. Martyn Parry was formerly Director of Music at the Sacred Heart Church in Wimbledon. David Graham had studied music with Nicholas Danby at the Royal College of Music. In December 2004 and following the death of Martyn Parry earlier that year, the music was reorganised and Duncan Aspden was appointed Associate Director of Music, to assist David Graham in directing the professional choir and playing the organ.[8]

During the 1990s a number of recordings were made of the music at the Farm Street church. In 2000 a CD of organ music, recorded by David Graham and including the music of Guy Weitz, was recorded on the church organ in Farm Street.[8]

In the twenty-first century, the repertoire is varied and ranges from sixteenth century polyphony, the Viennese classical composers, nineteenth century romantics as well as twentieth century and contemporary music. Gregorian chant still features and plays an important role in the regular worship of the church.[8]


Since 1966 the church has been a parish in the centre of Mayfair. The Jesuit community has always consisted of priests and brothers attached specifically to the church, working in other pastoral sectors or in retirement.[9]

The building next to the church hosts various parish events and is a home to the offices of the British Province of Jesuits, Jesuit Media Initiatives, and the community house of the Jesuits who work in the parish or teach and study at Heythrop College; it also houses the Mount Street Jesuit Centre.

In March 2013 the church opened its doors to LGBT Catholics when the so-called "Soho masses" at the nearby Church of our Lady of the Assumption and St Gregory, Westminster came to an end after six years.[10] Archbishop Vincent Nichols attended their first mass there in 2013.[11] The church had refused a request for a six-month retreat from writer Oscar Wilde almost 116 years previously.[12]

Mount Street Centre[edit]

Mount Street Gardens view of the church. The Mount Street centre is on the left.

The centre provides opportunities in central London for adult Christian formation through prayer, worship, theological education and social justice.[13]

As part of the centre’s commitment to social justice, it provides a full-time General Practitioner for homeless people at the Doctor Hickey Surgery in central London.[14]

Also present within the centre is London Jesuit Volunteers. It is a programme that operates out of the centre that places busy adults of any age in direct service or in advocacy roles for a few hours a week. Volunteers work as advocates, mentors and befrienders alongside people in prisons, hospitals, homeless shelters and sleeping rough, in communities of people with learning disabilities, and with outreach agencies for refugees, asylum seekers, forced migrants, and other marginalised people.[14]

As well as social justice groups, the centre also hosts the local Christian Life Community association that promotes and undergoes courses in Ignatian spirituality.

Also within the Mount Street Jesuit Centre is Jesuit Media Initiatives. It runs Pray as you go, an online enterprise that offers daily prayer and reflections to its subscribers and Thinking Faith the online journal of the Society of Jesus in Britain.

Thinking Faith[15] was launched on 18 January 2008. The journal is free to access and subscribe to and covers a set of subjects such as politics, theology, philosophy, spirituality, poetry and culture, contributing to debates and issues from a British (and European) perspective. Also included are regular book reviews and film reviews. Unlike a printed publication, it doesn't have a weekly or monthly edition but a 'rolling' format. Articles may be added at any time, with subscribers notified online.

Pray as you go is daily audio prayer using scripture, questions for reflection, music, and other prayer content such as the Stations of the Cross, that can be downloaded from the website or by subscribing to a podcast. An open, public trial began on Ash Wednesday of 2006 as a way of "taking something up" rather than giving something up for Lent, and then extended into the Easter season of that year. After more than 250,000 prayer sessions were downloaded by people all over the world, it was decided to continue Pray as you go indefinitely. By March 2008, over five million prayer sessions had been downloaded and it had been launched in 5 other languages.[16]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ British Listed Buildings Retrieved 22 January 2013
  2. ^ Parishes, Archdiocese of WestminsterRetrieved 22 January 2013 Archived 19 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Farm Street, Jesuits in Britain Archived 7 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 22 January 2013
  4. ^ a b c Jenkins, Simon (1999). England's Thousand Best Churches. London: Penguin Books. pp. 480–481. ISBN 978-0-14-103930-5.
  5. ^ a b History, Farm Street site Retrieved 22 January 2013
  6. ^ a b c d e 160 Years of Farm Street, Thinking Faith Retrieved 23 January 2013
  7. ^ "Church of the Immaculate Conception, Farm Street". The Salviati Architectural Mosaic Database. 14 March 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Music, Farm Street Site Retrieved 22 January 2013
  9. ^ About Us, Farm Street church diocesan site Retrieved 22 January 2013
  10. ^ Shea, Matt (8 January 2013). "Getting Emotional with London's Gay Catholics". Vice. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  11. ^ Cameron-Mowat, Andrew. "LGBT Catholics Westminster". Retrieved 6 September 2017. In December 2012 Archbishop Vincent Nichols asked the Provincial of the Jesuits in Britain and myself to offer meeting spaces on Farm Street Parish premises for the LGBT Catholic Community which had previously met at Our Lady of The Assumption and St Gregory, Warwick Street. In March 2013, LGBT Catholics joined the regular congregation at the evening Mass, followed by a reception and meeting with the Archbishop and members of the parish. Over the following weeks, on every 2nd and 4th Sunday of the month, the group has gathered to celebrate Mass together with regular parishioners at the new time of 5.30pm, and to meet for tea and coffee afterwards in the parish hall.
  12. ^ Fiona Keating (3 March 2013). "London Church that Rejected Oscar Wilde Opens its Doors to Gay Catholics". Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  13. ^ About, Mount Street Jesuit Centre site Archived 29 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 22 January 2013
  14. ^ a b Social Justice Ministries, Mount Street Jesuit Centre Retrieved 22 January 2013
  15. ^ "Thinking Faith"
  16. ^ Jesuit Media Initiatives Archived 29 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 22 January 2013

External links[edit]