Immaculate Heart College
In the late 1960s, in response to directives from Vatican II as well as participation in therapy experiments run by researchers from the Esalen Institute, the Sisters followed the guidance of Pope Paul VI and conducted an extensive review of their structure and proposed changes in how they prayed, worked, lived together and governed themselves. However, the Archbishop of Los Angeles, Cardinal James Francis McIntyre, was opposed to all of the sisters' proposed changes, leading to a public dispute where he ordered the removal of all Immaculate Heart Sisters teaching in Los Angeles diocesan schools, and finally presented the Community with an ultimatum: either conform to the standards of traditional religious life or seek dispensation from vows. In the end, 90% chose to dispense from their vows and reorganize as a nonprofit organization (501(c)(3)), The Immaculate Heart Community, a voluntary lay community.
Corita Kent was a member of the Community and taught art at the College between 1938 and 1968.
The College closed in 1981 due to financial difficulties; its successor was the Immaculate Heart College Center, which closed in 2000.
IHC's campus is now the home of the American Film Institute.
- Karen Boccalero, artist, nun, founder of Self-Help Graphics & Art in Los Angeles
- Angie Dickinson, actress, Police Woman
- Mark Ridley-Thomas, California legislator
- Cherríe Moraga, playwright and activist
- Helena Maria Viramontes, novelist and short story writer, Professor of English, Cornell University
- Charlotte Caffey, musician and songwriter, "The Go-Go's"
- Pat Caroll, voice actress and actress well known for the voice of Ursula in the Little Mermaid
- Demi (author), artist and award-winning author/illustrator
- History IHM Community, The Immaculate Heart Community.
- TIME Magazine. The Immaculate Heart Rebels February 16, 1970
- Leslie Wirpsa, [Feminist spirituality core of unique M.A - Immaculate Heart College Center of Los Angeles offers the only master's program on women's spirituality], National Catholic Reporter, December 12, 1997.
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