Immanuel (town)

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For other uses, see Emanuel (disambiguation).
Immanuel
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew עִמָּנוּאֵל
 • ISO 259 ʕimmanuˀel
 • Translit. Imanu'el
Headquarters of Immanuel Local Council
Headquarters of Immanuel Local Council
Official logo of Immanuel
Logo
Immanuel is located in the West Bank
Immanuel
Immanuel
Coordinates: 32°9′42.71″N 35°8′13.98″E / 32.1618639°N 35.1372167°E / 32.1618639; 35.1372167Coordinates: 32°9′42.71″N 35°8′13.98″E / 32.1618639°N 35.1372167°E / 32.1618639; 35.1372167
Region West Bank
District Judea and Samaria Area
Government
 • Type Local council
 • Head of Municipality Ezra Gershi
Area
 • Total 2,750 dunams (2.75 km2 or 1.06 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,660[1]
Name meaning God is with us
Playground in an Immanuel central roundabout

Immanuel, (Hebrew: עִמָּנוּאֵל) also spelled Emmanuel or Emanuel, is an Israeli settlement and a town with local council status located in the West Bank. Immanuel was established in 1983.[2] According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, it had a population of 3,660 in 2011, mostly Haredi Orthodox Jews.[3][1] Its jurisdiction is spread out over 2,750 dunams (2.75 km²). The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, including those in Immanuel, but the Israeli government disputes this.[4][5]

History[edit]

Following its founding in 1983, Immanuel was declared a local council in 1985. It was named after the symbolic child's name in Isaiah 7:14.[6]

. Its first head of council was Oded Alon. Immanuel's current head of council is Yeshayahu Ehrenreich, while its acting mayor is Ezra Gershi.

In the 1990s, Immanuel was undergoing a major expansion, but the Oslo Accords discouraged investors and construction firms from continuing to build. As a result, a major portion of present day Immanuel consists of unfinished steel structures and concrete. Land value is also extremely low, often four to six times lower than in central Israeli towns and cities.

While Immanuel has a modest light industrial area which provides work for Israelis and Palestinians, there is otherwise not many more local career opportunities that are not related to education or Torah study; therefore many of its residents commute to nearby Ariel, Jerusalem and Bnei Brak for employment. The town is served by a public transportation route run by the Dan Bus Company.[7]

Status under international law[edit]

The international community considers Israeli settlements including Immanuel, to be in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention's prohibition on the transfer of an occupying power's civilian population into occupied territory.[8] Israel disputes that the Fourth Geneva Convention applies to the West Bank region as it had not been legally held by a sovereign nation prior to Israel taking control of it. This view has been rejected by the International Court of Justice and the International Committee of the Red Cross.[9]

Violence[edit]

On December 12, 2001, members of the Hamas and Fatah movements detonated two roadside bombs on the commuter Dan bus line 189 as it slowed to a stop 70 meters from the entrance of the settlement. Three terrorists began firing automatic weapons and threw hand-grenades at the bus as 11 people were killed and 26 others suffered injuries.[10][11]

In 2002, the town was again the site of an ambush attack by Palestinian militants in which 9 people were killed and 20 others injured.[12] Two 20-kilo bombs were set off by Palestinians disguised as IDF officers at the entrance of the settlement, damaging a commuting bus from the city of Bnei Brak. The militants then threw grenades at the bus and opened fire on the passengers and another vehicle behind the bus.[12]

Controversy[edit]

In 2007, Immanuel became the site of a dispute over the alleged discrimination of students at the state-funded Beit Yaakov girls' school involving the segregation between Ashkenazi and Sephardi students. The Israeli Supreme Court unanimously ruled in 2009 that it considered the division as a form of prejudice which should be abolished.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Locality File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ One kid in Immanuel. Haaretz. 6 February, 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
  3. ^ http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/?MIval=%2Fpop_in_locs%2Fpop_in_locs_h.html&Name_h=%F2%EE%F0%E5%E0%EC
  4. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  5. ^ Bulldozers begin Ariel barrier. BBC. 16 June, 2004. Retrieved 2011-12-31.
  6. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.222 , ISBN 965-220-186-3 (English)
  7. ^ Emmanuel bus route is still problematic. Haaretz. 19 December, 2001. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
  8. ^ The settlers' struggle BBC News. 19 December 2003. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
  9. ^ Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory International Court of Justice, 9 July 2004. pp. 44-45
  10. ^ 10 Israelis killed in W. Bank ambush; Hamas, Fatah claim attack. Haaretz. 12 December, 2001. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
  11. ^ Terror victims 2002. Israel Minstry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
  12. ^ a b "Terrorist Attack on Bus at Emmanuel". Israeli Foreign Ministry. 2002-07-16. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 

External links[edit]