Jump to content

Immigration Act 2014

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Immigration Act 2014
Long titleAn Act to make provision about immigration law; to limit, or otherwise make provision about, access to services, facilities and employment by reference to immigration status; to make provision about marriage and civil partnership involving certain foreign nationals; to make provision about the acquisition of citizenship by persons unable to acquire it because their fathers and mothers were not married to each other[1] and provision about the removal of citizenship from persons whose conduct is seriously prejudicial to the United Kingdom’s vital interests; and for connected purposes.
Citation2014 c. 22
Introduced byTheresa May 10 October 2013[2]
Territorial extent United Kingdom (although one section apply to England and Wales only)[3]
Royal assent14 May 2014[2]
Commencement14 July 2014[4]
History of passage through Parliament
Text of statute as originally enacted

The Immigration Act 2014 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom. It received Royal Assent on 14 May 2014.[5] The act makes provision to prevent private landlords from renting houses to people without legal status, to prevent illegal immigrants from obtaining driving licences and bank accounts[6] and for the investigation of sham marriages.[7] Landlords who rent housing to illegal migrants without carrying out these checks will bear civil liability. Failure to comply with this requirement may result in a civil penalty of no more than 3,000 pounds.[8]

Only six Labour MPs opposed the Act; Diane Abbott, Jeremy Corbyn, Kelvin Hopkins, John McDonnell, Fiona Mactaggart and Dennis Skinner.[9]

The Act removes key protections for Commonwealth citizens residing in the United Kingdom that existed in the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999[10] which was a major preceding factor in the Windrush scandal that involved at least 83 wrongful deportations.[11]


  1. ^ "EU Referendum On Thursday 23 June there will be a vote on the UK's membership of the European Union". Gov.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Bill stages — Immigration Act 2014". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Immigration Act 2014 - Territorial Extent and Application". The Stationery Office. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Immigration Act 2014 - Commencement Dates". The Stationery Office. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Immigration Act 2014 — UK Parliament". Services.parliament.uk. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  6. ^ "Immigration Act 2014". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  7. ^ Halsbury's Laws of England, volume 72: "Sham marriages and sham civil partnerships; in general.", paragraph 12 (6th edition)
  8. ^ "The Immigration Bill received Royal Assent on 14 May. In doing so it became the Immigration Act 2014" (PDF). Archived on August 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2023
  9. ^ "Stop the Immigration Bill: a "regime of harassment for migrants" • Right to Remain". Right to Remain. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  10. ^ "UK removed legal protection for Windrush immigrants in 2014". guardian.com. 16 April 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  11. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (12 November 2018). "Windrush: 11 people wrongly deported from UK have died – Javid". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 March 2019. Javid … said there were 83 cases in which it had been confirmed people were wrongfully removed from the country and officials fear there may be a further 81