Immigration from China in the early 20th century
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Significant Chinese immigration to the United States began with the California Gold Rush, in the late 1840s. Many of these immigrants were single men who worked for a time and then returned to China with their earnings. In subsequent decades, however, significant numbers of Chinese immigrants had settled permanently, and were competing for low-level jobs with other ethnic immigrant groups. Immigration from China was restricted by the Chinese Exclusion Act, passed in 1882.
In all, 4,441 Chinese immigrants came to the USA through the Ellis Island Immigration Station, while others came to the USA through other immigration stations throughout the country, such as the Angel Island Immigration Station in California. Most Chinese immigrants during the 19th century resided in New York.
In all, 66,946 immigrants from China came to the USA from the beginning of the twentieth century to 1931. Studies have shown that areas in China where land is dispersed generated the most immigrants moving to the United States.
In 1992, the Chinese Student Protection Act made it possible for Chinese nationals to become legal, permanent citizens of the United States. The act was revised in 1989[dubious ] to allow these nationals to work legally. More than 80,000 Chinese immigrants were affected by this act. Having the right to work and live legally in the United States prompted many immigrants from Hong Kong and Taiwan to pursue jobs in the United States. In the late 1990s through early 2000s, there was a significant influx in employment for Chinese laborers, according to census data analysis.
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