Immigration to Russia

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Immigration to Russia is an entry process of foreign citizens for permanent residence in the territory of the Russian Federation. Under current law, after five years of residence, after the examination of the knowledge of the Russian language, immigrants can also obtain Russian citizenship. The immigration to Russia is regulated by the Main Directorate for Migration Affairs.[1] The immigration plays an important role in modern Russian demographic processes, since it is the cause of the increase of the population from 2011.[2]

Russia maintains one of the world's most liberal immigration policies; anyone who works in Russia for five years and develops fluency in the Russian language can become a citizen, provided he or she has not committed a crime, and almost anyone who is hired by a Russian firm can stay in the country and work indefinitely.[3] This reflects a policy change on the part of the Putin government, in response to declining birth rates, from the more restrictive policy enacted after the fall of the Soviet Union.[4] The large non-Slavic immigrant populations arriving in response to Putin's liberal policy have sometimes been met with xenophobia; to counter this, the Russian state has shut down various anti-immigrant group pursuant to Russian hate speech laws, such as the Movement Against Illegal Immigration.

Immigrant population in Russia by country of birth[edit]

Citizenship of immigrants:[5]

1  Ukraine 2,651,109
2  Uzbekistan 2,335,960
3  Tajikistan 1,105,500
4  Azerbaijan 610,327
5  Moldova 586,122
6  Kazakhstan 575,400
7  Kyrgyzstan 552,014
8  Armenia 514,663
9  Belarus 498,878
10  China 273,034
11  Germany 244,662
12  Afghanistan 150,000
13  United States of America 142,405
13  Turkey 111,681
15  United Kingdom 111,275
16  Finland 77,665
17  Vietnam 53,649
18  Italy 53,649
19  France 53,382
20  Spain 45,935
21  Lithuania 42,672
22 Without citizenship 35,489
23  Philippines 34,755
24  North Korea 34,217
25  Serbia 33,591
26  Canada 32,107
27  Georgia 30,718
28  Israel 30,126
29  Estonia 28,356
30  Poland 27,979
31  India 15,500

See also[edit]