Immingham Dock electric railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the conventional steam and diesel station, see Immingham Dock railway station.
Immingham Dock
Immimgham Dock geograph-2387152-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Grimsby & Immingham Electric Railway at Immingham Dock in 1958
Location
Place Immingham
Area North East Lincolnshire
Coordinates 53°37′48″N 0°11′11″W / 53.62987°N 0.18646°W / 53.62987; -0.18646Coordinates: 53°37′48″N 0°11′11″W / 53.62987°N 0.18646°W / 53.62987; -0.18646
Grid reference TA200163
Operations
Original company Great Central Railway
Pre-grouping Great Central Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
Platforms 0
History
17 November 1913 opened
3 July 1961 closed[1]
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal


Immingham Dock electric railway station was the western terminus of the inter-urban[2] Grimsby and Immingham Electric Railway which ran from Corporation Bridge, Grimsby with a reversal at what was euphemistically called Immingham Town.[3]

Overview[edit]

The electric railway was built primarily to carry workers between Grimsby and Immingham Dock which the Great Central Railway had built on a greenfield site in a sparsely populated area. The line was built by the Great Central and remained in railway ownership up to closure in 1961. It therefore appeared in railway timetables[4] and it was possible to buy through tickets between any of the stops on the line and anywhere on the national railway network,[5] though there never was any physical connection with any conventional track, nor with the tramways in Grimsby and Cleethorpes.

In modern parlance the vehicles would be described as trams, but they were typically referred to locally and in publications such as Bradshaw as "cars"[6][4] or "tramcars", with related things being called names such as "tramcar halt" and "tramcar bridge." "Car" was always a more common short form than "tram."

Location and facilities[edit]

Dock tramcar station was situated on the southeast side of the dock's main entrance lock and at right angles to it.[7][8] Directly opposite the station on the other side of the lock was a conventional railway station, also called Immingham Dock. Lines from the two set off in opposite directions.

The line was a tramway, no platforms ever existed at any of the stopping places; passengers were expected to board and alight from the roadway or trackside cinders according to the location. The "stations" were much more commonly referred to as "halts" or "stopping places."

A waiting room was provided at Dock tramcar station.[9][10] Passengers bought tickets on board from the conductor. Timetables and tickets consistently used the name "Immingham Dock" throughout the terminus's life.[11]

The line's two termini - Corporation Bridge and Immingham Dock - were the only halts on the line to attempt anything along the lines of railway nameboards, both proclaimed themselves in very large letters to be a "TRAMWAY STATION."[12]

The line from the station[edit]

After the end of the cindered station area the line was conventional double track running alongside the dock road, giving the appearance of a conventional railway, except for the absence of fencing between road and rail.[13] At Habrough Marsh Drain bridge a little over half a mile from the station road and rail merged, with the tracks changing to grooved tramway common throughout all road tramways.[14] This spot was and remains the eastern boundary of dock property. In 2012 this was a continuously staffed entrance checkpoint with barriers to road vehicles and pedestrians. In the 1950s and 1960s the spot was completely unmarked, with not so much as a sign to indicate entering or leaving the dock. From mid-1916 to July 1920 a halt was provided here,[6][15] whose purpose is unclear. It may have been a version of the modern checkpoint or to serve works which ended with the war.

From this point road and tramtracks climbed one of the two "hills" on the whole line, i.e. the bridge over the conventional Grimsby District Light Railway line near Immingham East Junction. This bridge, which was in regular, heavy road use in 2015, was known locally as "tramcar bridge."[16] At the other side of the bridge was "Tramcar Halt", or, formally, Immingham Town.

Services[edit]

Unusually among British tramways services ran round the clock, particularly to provide for railway workers based at Immingham engine shed, whose duties often involved starting or finishing at unsocial hours. Traffic was highly peaked, with convoys of tramcars leaving and arriving to match shift changes at the dock. It was normal for several tramcars to rest at Dock station between peaks.[17][18]

In 1956 over a million passengers used the line[19] and even with deliberate rundown a quarter of a million used it in its last twelve months up to closure in July 1961.

Closure[edit]

The line took some years to die, being cut back at the Grimsby end in 1956 then reduced to peak services only in 1959, when it disappeared from Bradshaw and through ticketing beyond the line was withdrawn.[20] Formal closure of the line and Dock tramcar station came on Monday 3 July 1961, with the last tramcars running on Saturday 1 July 1961 when a convoy of six tramcars set off, nominally at 14:03. The last tramcar of this convoy and therefore the last from the Immingham terminus was Number 4.[21]

Aftermath[edit]

The first track on the line to be removed was at Dock tramcar station, to give increased parking space. The process of demolition was piecemeal and even in 2013 many hints of the line remained, such as spun concrete masts near Tramcar Bridge.

Former Services
Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Eastern Entrance to Immingham Dock   Great Central Railway
Grimsby and Immingham Electric Railway
  Terminus

References[edit]

  1. ^ Butt 1995, p. 126.
  2. ^ Feather 1993, p. 1.
  3. ^ Ludlam & Kennedy 2006, pp. 426 & 428.
  4. ^ a b Bradshaw 1985, p. 717.
  5. ^ Price 1991, p. 112.
  6. ^ a b Bradshaw 1917, p. 710.
  7. ^ Dow 1965, p. 260.
  8. ^ Wilson & Barker October 1998, p. 360.
  9. ^ Burgess 2007, Back cover.
  10. ^ Ludlam 1996, p. 74.
  11. ^ Pask 1999, Throughout.
  12. ^ Crossland & Turner 2012, pp. 30 & 31.
  13. ^ Bett & Gillham, p. 62.
  14. ^ Price 1991, p. 77.
  15. ^ Quick 2009, p. 224.
  16. ^ Price 1991, p. 81.
  17. ^ King & Hewins 1989, Photos 57 & 58.
  18. ^ Bett & Gillham, p. 61.
  19. ^ Price 1991, p. 94.
  20. ^ Bates & Bairstow 2005, p. 85.
  21. ^ Price 1991, p. 101.

Sources[edit]

  • Bates, Chris; Bairstow, Martin (2005). Railways in North Lincolnshire. Leeds: Martin Bairstow. ISBN 1 871944 30 9. 
  • Bett, W. H.; Gillham, J. C. The Tramways of South Yorkshire and Humberside. Light Railway Transport League. 
  • Bradshaw, George (1917). Bradshaw's Railway Guide. Bradshaw. 
  • Bradshaw, George (1985) [1922]. Bradshaw's July 1922 Railway Guide. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. 
  • Burgess, Neil (2007). Lincolnshire's Lost Railways. Catrine, Ayrshire: Stenlake Publishing. ISBN 184033407X. 
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Crossland, G J; Turner, C E (2012) [2006]. Immingham A History of the Deep Water Port. T&C Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9543051-2-3. 
  • Dow, George (1965). Great Central, Volume Three: Fay Sets the Pace, 1900–1922. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-0263-0. OCLC 500447049. 
  • Feather, T. (February 1993). "Great Central Inter-Urban". Forward. Great Central Railway Society. ISSN 0141-4488. 
  • King, Paul K.; Hewins, Dave R. (1989). Scenes from the Past: 5 The Railways around Grimsby, Cleethorpes, Immingham and North-east Lincolnshire. Stockport: Foxline Publishing. ISBN 1 870119 04 5. 
  • Ludlam, A.J. (1996). Railways to New Holland and the Humber Ferries. Headington, Oxford: The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0 85361 494 6. LP 198. 
  • Ludlam, A.J. (July 2006). Kennedy, Rex, ed. "Immingham-Gateway to the Continent". Steam Days. Bournemouth: Redgauntlet Publications (203). ISSN 0269-0020. 
  • Pask, Brian (1999). The Tickets of the Grimsby & Immingham Electric Railway. Sevenoaks: The Transport Ticket Society. ISBN 0 903209 33 0. 
  • Price, J. H. (1991). The Tramways of Grimsby, Immingham & Cleethorpes. Light Rail Transit Association. ISBN 0-948106-10-7. 
  • Quick, Michael (2009) [2001]. Railway passenger stations in Great Britain: a chronology (4th ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-901461-57-5. OCLC 612226077. 
  • Wilson, Bryan L.; Barker, Oswald J. (October 1998). Smith, Martin, ed. "The Grimsby & Immingham Electric Railway". Railway Bylines. Radstock: Irwell Press Limited. 3 (8). 

Further material[edit]

  • Anderson, Paul (1992). Railways of Lincolnshire. Oldham: Irwell Press. ISBN 1 871608 30 9. 
  • Electric Traction Archive, 118, B&R Video Productions , contains a fine archive section on the tramway
  • The Passing of Pyewipe, Online Video, available via Great Central Railway Society , solely about the tramways of Immingham, Grimsby & Cleethorpes

External links[edit]