Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on politics
This article documents a current pandemic. Information may change rapidly as the event progresses, and initial news reports may be unreliable. The latest updates to this article may not reflect the most current information. (March 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Part of a series on the|
|2019–20 coronavirus pandemic|
The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic affected the political systems of multiple countries causing suspensions of legislative activities, isolation or deaths of multiple politicians, and rescheduling of elections due to fears of spreading the virus.
There is evidence that the pandemic has caused a rally-round-the-flag effect in many countries, with government approval ratings rising in Italy (+27 percentage points), Germany (+11), France (+11), and the United Kingdom. In the United States, President Donald Trump has seen a 5-point rise in approval, while state governors have seen higher increases of 55 points for New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, 31 points for North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper, and 30 points for Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer.
States of emergency
Several countries have declared a state emergency, including Armenia, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Moldova, Romania, and Spain, which has raised concerns about lasting impacts on civil liberties. For example, many countries have unveiled large-scale surveillance programs for contact tracing, leading to worries about their impact on privacy.
Impact on international relations
The Chinese government has been criticised by the United States for its handling of the pandemic, which began in the Chinese province of Hubei. In Brazil, the Congressman Eduardo Bolsonaro, son of President Jair Bolsonaro, caused a diplomatic dispute with China when he retweeted a message saying: "The blame for the global coronavirus pandemic has a name and surname: the Chinese Communist party." Yang Wanming, China's top diplomat in Brazil, retweeted a message that said: "The Bolsonaro family is the great poison of this country."
Some commentators believe the state propaganda in China is promoting a narrative that China's authoritarian system is uniquely capable of curbing the coronavirus and contrasts that with the chaotic response of the Western democracies. European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said that "China is aggressively pushing the message that, unlike the US, it is a responsible and reliable partner."
To counter its negative image, China has sent aid to 82 countries, the World Health Organization, and the African Union. According to Yangyang Cheng, a postdoctoral research associate at Cornell University, "The Chinese government has been trying to project Chinese state power beyond its borders and establish China as a global leader, not dissimilar to what the U.S. government has been doing for the better part of a century, and the distribution of medical aid is part of this mission." Borrell warned that there is "a geo-political component including a struggle for influence through spinning and the ‘politics of generosity’."
The Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez stated that "If we don't propose now a unified, powerful and effective response to this economic crisis, not only the impact will be tougher, but its effects will last longer and we will be putting at risk the entire European project", while the Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte commented that "the whole European project risks losing its raison d'être in the eyes of our own citizens". From 4 to 19 March, Germany banned the export of personal protective equipment, and France also restricted exports of medical equipment, drawing criticism from EU officials who called for solidarity. Many Schengen Area countries closed their borders to stem the spread of the virus.
Jointly issued debt
Debates over how to respond to the epidemic and its economic fallout have opened up a rift between Northern and Southern European member states, reminiscent of debates over the 2010s European debt crisis. Nine EU countries—Italy, France, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Ireland, Slovenia and Luxembourg—called for "corona bonds" (a type of eurobond) in order to help their countries to recover from the epidemic, on 25 March. Their letter stated, "The case for such a common instrument is strong, since we are all facing a symmetric external shock." Northern European countries such as Germany, Austria, Finland, and the Netherlands oppose the issuing of joint debt, fearing that they would have to pay it back in the event of a default. Instead, they propose that countries should apply for loans from the European Stability Mechanism. Corona bonds were discussed on 26 March 2020 in a European Council meeting, which dragged out for three hours longer than expected due to the "emotional" reactions of the prime ministers of Spain and Italy. European Council President Charles Michel and European Central Bank head Christine Lagarde have urged the EU to consider issuing joint debt. Unlike the European debt crisis—partly caused by the affected countries—southern European countries did not cause the coronavirus pandemic, therefore eliminating the appeal to national responsibility.
Sixteen member nations of the European Union issued a statement warning that certain emergency measures issued by countries during the coronavirus pandemic could undermine the principles of rule of law and democracy on 1 April. They announced that they "support the European Commission initiative to monitor the emergency measures and their application to ensure the fundamental values of the Union are upheld." The statement does not mention Hungary, but observers believe that it implicitly refers to a Hungarian law granting plenary power to the Hungarian Government during the coronavirus pandemic. The following day, the Hungarian Government joined the statement.
The Hungarian parliament passed the law granting plenary power to the Government by qualified majority, 137 to 53 votes in favor, on 30 March 2020. After promulgating the law, the President of Hungary, János Áder, announced that he had concluded that the time frame of the Government's authorization would be definite and its scope would be limited. Ursula von der Leyen, the President of the European Commission, stated that she was concerned about the Hungarian emergency measures and that it should be limited to what is necessary and Minister of State Michael Roth suggested that economic sanctions should be used against Hungary.
The heads of thirteen member parties of the European People's Party (EPP) made a proposal to expunge the Hungarian Fidesz for the new legislation on 2 April. In response, Viktor Orbán expressed his willingness to discuss any issues relating to Fidesz's membership "once the pandemic is over" in a letter addressed to the Secretary General of EPP Antonio López-Istúriz White. Referring to the thirteen leading politicians' proposal, Orbán also stated that "I can hardly imagine that any of us having time for fantasies about the intentions of other countries. This seems to be a costly luxury these days." During a video conference of the foreign ministers of the European Union member states on 3 April 2020, Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Péter Szijjártó, asked for the other ministers to read the legislation itself not its politically motivated presentations in newspapers before commenting on it.
Japan–South Korea relations
Japan–South Korea relations worsened as a result of the pandemic. After Japan declared it would start quarantining all arrivals from South Korea, the South Korean government described the move as “unreasonable, excessive and extremely regrettable”, and that it couldn't "help but question whether Japan has other motives than containing the outbreak".
Jean Rottner, the President of France's Regional council of Grand Est, accused the United States of disrupting face mask deliveries by buying at the last minute. French officials stated that Americans came to the airport tarmac and offered several times the French payment as the shipment was prepared for departure to France. Justin Trudeau, the Prime Minister of Canada, asked Bill Blair, the Public Safety Minister, and Marc Garneau, the Transportation Minister, to investigate allegations that medical supplies originally intended for Canada were diverted to the United States. German politician Andreas Geisel accused the United States of committing "modern piracy" after reports that 200,000 N95 masks meant for German police were diverted during an en-route transfer between airplanes in Thailand to the United States, but later changed his statement after he clarified that the mask orders were made through a German firm, not a U.S. firm as earlier stated, and the supply chain issues were under review.
Due to shortages in coronavirus tests Maryland Governor Larry Hogan had his wife Yumi Hogan, who was born in South Korea, to speak with the South Korean ambassador and afterwards multiple South Korea companies stated that they would send tests to Maryland.
On 2 April 2020, President Trump invoked the Defense Production Act of 1950 to halt exports of masks produced by 3M to Canada and Latin America. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said that it would be a mistake for both their countries to limit trade of essential goods or services, including medical supplies and professionals, and remarked that this moves in both directions. The Canadian government has turned to China and other places for crucial medical supplies, while they seek a constructive discussion about the issue with the Trump administration.
Impact on national politics
On 17 March 2020, Sophie Wilmès was sworn in as Prime Minister of Belgium. Seven opposition parties pledged to support the minority Wilmès II Government, in its previous composition, with plenary power to handle the coronavirus pandemic in Belgium.
President Jair Bolsonaro has been criticized for his handling of the crisis. He has referred to the pandemic as a "fantasy". According to one poll, 64% of Brazilians reject the way Bolsonaro has handled the pandemic, while 44.8% support his impeachment, an all-time high. During a speech by the president about the pandemic, millions participated in a panelaço protesting the president by banging pots and pans on balconies.
On 13 March 2020, the Parliament of Canada voted to suspend activity in both houses until 20 April for the House of Commons and 21 April for the Senate. The House of Commons' Health and Finance committees were granted the ability to hold weekly virtual meetings during the pandemic.
Multiple provincial-level administrators of the Communist Party of China (CPC) were dismissed over their handling of the quarantine efforts in central China. Some experts believe this is likely in a move to protect Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping from people's anger over the coronavirus outbreak. Protests in Hong Kong strengthened due to fears of immigration from mainland China. Taiwan has also voiced concern over being included in any travel ban involving the People's Republic of China due to the "one-China policy" and Chinese claims. A few countries have been using the epidemic to build political bridges with Beijing, raising accusations that these countries, which include Cambodia among others, were putting politics before health. Existing tensions between the United States and China may have delayed a coordinated effort to combat the outbreak in Wuhan.
Outlets such as Politico, Foreign Policy, and Bloomberg have reported that efforts from China to send aid to other countries and claim without evidence that the virus originated in the United States are a propaganda push for global influence while deflecting blame for its handling of the outbreak.
The Hungarian Parliament gave the government plenary power which authorizes it to override acts and to rule by decree to the extent that is "necessary and proportional" in order to "prevent, manage, and eradicate the epidemic and to avoid and mitigate its effects". The law prescribes that the government is to report back to the parliament, or if it's unable to convene, to its speaker and the leaders of the parliamentary groups, regularly about the measures it has taken. The law also suspends by-elections and referendums for the duration of the emergency. The Constitutional Court of Hungary is authorized to hold sessions via electronic communications networks. The act also criminalizes "statements known to be false or statements distorting true facts" with 1 to 5 years imprisonment "if done in a manner capable of hindering or derailing the effectiveness of the response effort". The opposition had demanded a 90-day sunset clause to the emergency powers in return for its support, but had its amendments voted down and therefore opposed the act.
Human Rights Watch described the legislation, as an authoritarian takeover, due to the rule of decree without parliamentary or judicial scrutiny and for criminal penalties for the publishing of "false" or "distorted" facts, and gave support to the European Commission using Article 7 against Hungary. A petition against the legislation was signed by over 100,000 people. Péter Jakab, the president of the opposition party Jobbik, said that the bill put Hungarian democracy in quarantine. Nézőpont, a pro-government polling agency, conducted a poll that showed that 90% of Hungarians supported extending emergency measures and 72% supported strengthening the criminal code.
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has been heavily affected by the virus. The spread of the virus has raised questions about the future survival of the regime. Iran's President Hassan Rouhani wrote a public letter to world leaders asking for help, saying that his country doesn't have access to international markets due to the United States sanctions against Iran.
After facing political deadlock since the legislative election held on 9 April 2019, Israel held another election on 2 March 2020, between Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Benny Gantz. Gantz narrowly won the endorsement of a majority of members of the Knesset, and lessened his previous reluctance to cooperate with Netanyahu, stating his interest in forming a national unity government to tackle the coronavirus crisis. Later in the month, Netanyahu proposed a power sharing agreement in which he would step down in 2021.
On 28 March 2020, the United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, Nickolay Mladenov praised the Israel and Palestinian authorities for their coordination in tackling the COVID-19 pandemic. Mladenov appreciated the response strategy, especially for focusing on Gaza, as the region faces a relatively substantial risk of the disease spreading. Since the start of the novel coronavirus crisis, Israel permitted the entry of significant medical and aid supplies inside Gaza.
On 18 March, Interior Minister Agim Veliu was sacked due to his support for declaring a state of emergency to handle the coronavirus pandemic which would have given power to the Kosovo Security Council chaired by Hashim Thaçi. The Democratic League of Kosovo, the junior partner leader of the coalition, filed a no-confidence vote motion in retaliation for the sacking and on 25 March eighty two members of the Kosovo Assembly voted in favor of the motion.
On 13 March, Janez Janša became the Prime Minister of Slovenia and organized a crisis management body with unclear legal basis to take over governance that later dismissed the heads of the defense forces, military intelligence agency, and the national police.
Diplomatic relations between Japan and South Korea worsened, as South Korea criticized Japan's "ambiguous and passive quarantine efforts", after Japan announced anybody coming from South Korea will be placed in two weeks’ quarantine at government-designated sites.
Following the outbreak of the virus in South Korea over 1,450,000 people signed a petition supporting the impeachment of President Moon Jae-in due to him sending masks and medical supplies to China to aid them in their response to the virus outbreak. Moon administration's continuing handling of the crisis has however been noted in other sectors of the Korean society and internationally. An opinion poll by Gallup Korea in March 2020 showed Moon's approval rating rising by 5% to 49%.
On 12 March 2020, the Congress of Deputies voted to suspend activity for a week after multiple members had tested positive for the virus. When the Congress of Deputies approved the extension of the State of Alarm on 18 March, it was the first time that opposition parties Popular Party and Vox had supported the government in a vote while separatist parties, such as Catalan Republican Left, abstained from the vote.
The response to the coronavirus has been complicated by the fact that Pedro Sánchez is leading PSOE (in coalition with Unidas Podemos) minority government which is counting on support from opposition parties to enact coronavirus measures, especially with regards to economic stimulus. So far, the cabinet is discussing proposals to offer zero-interest loans to tenants to pay rent so that smaller landlords who depend on rent income can stay afloat. PP leader Pablo Casado complained that the government was not keeping him informed of developments on the coronavirus. Ciudadanos leader Inés Arrimadas said that she supports the government's actions.
Due to the stock market crash, high unemployment claims, and reduced economic activity caused by the coronavirus pandemic the United States Congress convened to create legislation to address the economic effects of the pandemic and passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act). Representative Thomas Massie attempted to maneuver for a roll-call vote, but there was insufficient demand among the quorum present and the House passed the bill by voice vote on 27 March.
On 19 March, ProPublica published an article showing that Senator Richard Burr has sold between $628,000 and $1.7 million worth of stocks before the stock market crash using insider knowledge from a closed Senate meeting where Senators were briefed on how coronavirus could effect the United States and stock transactions committed by Senators Dianne Feinstein, Kelly Loeffler, and Jim Inhofe were also placed under scrutiny for insider trading. On 30 March, the Department of Justice imitated a probe into the stock transactions with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
European Union leaders condemned the United States decision to restrict travel from Europe to the United States. The outbreak prompted calls for the country to adopt social policies common in other wealthy countries, including universal health care, universal child care, paid family leave, and higher levels of funding for public health. Some state emergency orders have waived open meeting laws that require the public have physical access to the meeting location, allowing meetings to be held by public teleconference.
Captain Brett Crozier wrote a four-page memo requesting help for his crew, as a viral outbreak had occurred onboard his ship. However, he was soon relieved from his command of his ship, because the memo was leaked to the public. The Acting Navy Secretary Thomas Modly initially justified his actions to fire Crozier, saying that the captain was "too naive or too stupid" to be a commanding officer if he did not think that the information would get out to the public in this information age, but later issued an apology in which he acknowledged that Crozier intended to draw public attention to the circumstances on his ship. Several members of Congress called for Modly's resignation for his handling of the situation which he did on 7 April.
On 11 March 2020, New Mexico Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham vetoed $150 million worth on infrastructure projects due to the state losing $22 million in its general fund for every $1 decrease in the price of a barrel of oil as a result of the Russia–Saudi Arabia oil price war. The Alaska Department of Revenue delayed its release of its budget forecast due to Alaska's dependence on oil prices.
On 10 March, Georgia state senator Brandon Beach started showing symptoms of COVID-19 and was tested on 14 March. However, he attended a special session of the legislature on 16 March before his test results arrived on 18 March showing that he had tested positive. The entire Georgia state senate, their staffs, and Lieutenant Governor Geoff Duncan went into quarantine until 30 March.
Impact on elections
On 21 March 2020, President Jeanine Áñez announced the interim government's decision to postpone the snap election. Other presidential candidates had suggested postponing the election to prevent the spread of coronavirus through the congregation of large groups of people.
A plebiscite on a new constitution and the convention that would write it was scheduled on 25 April, but on 19 March, political parties reached an agreement on postponing the plebiscite to 25 October. This agreement also postponed municipal and regional elections, from 25 October to 4 April 2021, with the primaries and second rounds of elections being postponed too.
President Emmanuel Macron declared coronavirus as the "biggest health crisis in a century". On 12 March he stated that the first round of local elections would not be rescheduled. The choice to maintain the elections, which took place on 15 March, generated significant controversy. On 16 March, he stated that the second round, originally scheduled for 22 March, would be delayed until 21 June.
A referendum on a constitutional amendment to decrease the number of members of parliament from 630 to 400 was initially scheduled to be held on 29 March, but was postponed to an undetermined date following the outbreak of the virus in Italy.
On 10 March 2020, the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) suspended nationwide voter registration until the end of the month due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The registration period began 20 January and is scheduled to run until 30 September 2021. The suspension was later extended to last until the end of April. The issuance of voter's certification is also suspended until further notice. The next nationwide elections scheduled in the Philippines is in May 2022.
The plebiscite to ratify legislation which proposes the partition of Palawan into three smaller provinces scheduled for May 2020 may be delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The province provincial legislature has called for a special session and is expected to pass a resolution allowing their governor to ask the COMELEC to postpone the plebiscite.
The Polish government, under the leadership of the Law and Justice Party, chose to not delay the presidential election. Poland's election laws were also altered to allow postal voting for those over 60 and those under quarantine but not abroad, which was criticized as favoring the incumbent Law and Justice Party.
On 27 March, some candidates for the presidential election failed to collect 100,000 signatures due to the coronavirus pandemic with only twelve presidential candidates having successfully collected over 100,000 signatures. Seven candidates submitted petitions with less than 100,000 signatures, but plan to appeal the central election commission's refusal to register them in the presidential election citing the coronavirus pandemic hampering the signature collection process.
The 2020 Basque regional election, scheduled for 5 April, were delayed, after an agreement between all the political parties represented in the Basque parliament; the Galician elections were also suspended.
On 19 March, Election Commissioner Mahinda Deshapriya announced that the 2020 Sri Lankan parliamentary election will be postponed indefinitely until further notice due to the coronavirus pandemic. Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa initially insisted that scheduled forthcoming the election would proceed as planned on 25 April despite the coronavirus pandemic, and the authorities banned election rallies and meetings.
On 13 March 2020, the United Kingdom local elections that were meant to be held on 7 May 2020 were rescheduled by Prime Minister Boris Johnson to 6 May 2021 following the advice of the Electoral Commission and in agreement with Labour and the Liberal Democrats.
Political campaigns switched to online and virtual activities in mid-March to either avoid the spreading of coronavirus or to be in compliance with statewide social distancing rules. Former Vice President Joe Biden and Senator Bernie Sanders started giving online town halls and virtual fundraisers. President Donald Trump's presidential campaign also shifted from in-person to virtual campaigning due to stay-at-home orders and social distancing rules made after his 2 March rally and both his and other Republican leadership offices based in Virginia were closed due to stay-at-home orders issued by Governor Ralph Northam.
On 15 March, the first one-on-one debate of the 2020 Democratic presidential primaries took place between Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders in CNN's Washington, D.C. studios and without an audience, as a result of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. The debate was moved from Arizona, which is under a state of emergency and had 12 confirmed cases of COVID-19 on that date.
On 2 April, the Democratic National Convention, which was originally scheduled to be held from 13 to 16 July, was delayed to the week of 17 August after the Democratic National Committee communicated with the presidential campaigns of Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders. On 5 April Biden suggested "a virtual convention" may be necessary; Trump told Fox News' Sean Hannity there was "no way" he would cancel the Republican National convention, scheduled to begin on 24 August in Charlotte, NC.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) and Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Ron Wyden (D-OR) expressed concern in early April that the pandemic might lower voter turnout in November. Closings of churches, universities, and driver's license centers will make it more difficult for voters to register and the Democracy Project at the Brennan Center for Justice expect turnout to be low, as it was during the 17 March, Illinois Democratic primary. Georgia state House Speaker David Ralston (R), predicted that mailing absentee ballot request forms to all voters in the state during the coronavirus crisis would be “devastating” for GOP candidates, and President Trump said that some of the election reforms would make it harder for Republicans to win office.
On 12 March 2020, the North Dakota Democratic-NPL cancelled its state convention that was meant to be held from 19 to 22 March where statewide candidates would have been nominated and delegates to the Democratic National Convention would have been selected. On 13 March, the presidential primary in Louisiana was postponed to 20 June by Secretary of State Kyle Ardoin and Wyoming had its in-person portion of its caucus and all county conventions suspended and replaced with mail-in ballots.
On 14 March, the presidential primary in Georgia was moved from 24 March to 19 May. On 16 March, Secretary of State Michael Adams announced that the Kentucky primaries would be moved from 19 May to 23 June and Governor Mike DeWine postponed the Ohio primaries despite legal challenges. On 19 March, Governor Ned Lamont moved the Connecticut Democratic primary from 28 April to 2 June. On 20 March, Indiana Governor Eric Holcomb, Secretary of State Connie Lawson, Republican state chairman Kyle Hupfer, and Democratic state chairman John Zody announced that Indiana's primaries were rescheduled from 5 May to 2 June.
On 21 March, Governor Wanda Vázquez Garced postponed the Puerto Rico presidential primary from 29 March to 26 April. The Alaska Democratic Party canceled in-person voting for its presidential primary and extended its mail-in voting time to 10 April. Governor John Carney postponed the Delaware presidential primary from 28 April to 2 June. The Democratic Party of Hawaii canceled in-person voting for its presidential primary and delayed it from 4 April to sometime in May. Governor Gina Raimondo postponed the Rhode Island presidential primary at the request of the board of elections from 28 April to 2 June. On 27 March, Governor Tom Wolf signed into law legislation passed by the state legislature to postpone Pennsylvania's primaries from 28 April to 2 June. On 28 March, Governor Andrew Cuomo announced at a news conference that New York's presidential primary would be postponed from 28 April to 23 June.
On 30 March, the Kansas Democratic Party announced that its presidential primary would be conducted only through mail-in ballots, and Governor Brad Little and Secretary of State Lawerence Denney also announced that Idaho's primary elections would also be conducted entirety through mail-in ballots. On 1 April, Governor Jim Justice signed an executive order to postpone West Virginia's primaries from 12 May to 9 June.
Polling places in Florida, Ohio, Illinois and Arizona that were located in senior living facilities were moved and other health precautions were enacted. Local election directors in Maryland asked for the state's primary to be changed to only use mail-in ballots and former Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Mary J. Miller asked for Governor Larry Hogan to switch to mail-in ballots.
|State||Original date||New date|
|Puerto Rico||29 March 2020||26 April 2020|
|Georgia||24 March 2020||19 May 2020|
|Connecticut||28 April 2020||2 June 2020|
|Delaware||28 April 2020||2 June 2020|
|Ohio||17 March 2020||2 June 2020|
|Pennsylvania||28 April 2020||2 June 2020|
|Rhode Island||28 April 2020||2 June 2020|
|Indiana||5 May 2020||2 June 2020|
|West Virginia||12 May 2020||9 June 2020|
|Louisiana||4 April 2020||20 June 2020|
|Kentucky||19 May 2020||23 June 2020|
|New York||28 April 2020||23 June 2020|
Thirty-four Democratic and Republican candidates in New York signed a petition asking Governor Andrew Cuomo for the primary petition signature amounts to be decreased or eliminated for the primaries to prevent spreading or contracting the virus during signature collection. On 14 March, Cuomo reduced the signature requirement to 30% of the normal limit and moved the deadline from 2 April to 17 March.
On 11 March 2020, the Michigan Democratic Party cancelled its state convention which was scheduled for 21 March. The Utah Republican, and Democratic parties cancelled their in-person state conventions and the United Utah replaced their caucuses and conventions with virtual meetings.
On 16 March, Texas Governor Greg Abbott announced the postponement of the Texas state Senate District 14 special election from 2 May to 14 July. On 20 March, the North Carolina State Board of Elections announced that the Republican primary runoff for North Carolina's 11th Congressional district would be delayed to 23 June and Mississippi Governor Tate Reeves announced that the Republican primary runoff for the 2nd congressional district would be postponed to 23 June. On 23 March, special elections for the Massachusetts State House and Senate were postponed.
On 15 March, South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster delayed all county and municipal elections in March and April to after 1 May. On 18 March, Alabama Govenor Kay Ivey delayed the state's primary runoffs from 31 March to 14 July, Missouri Governor Mike Parson delayed local elections from 7 April to 2 June, and Secretary of State Paul Ziriax announced that municipalities could reschedule elections from 7 April to a late date. On 24 March, Secretary of State Barbara Cegavske and Nevada's seventeen county election officials announced that Nevada's June primaries would be conducted entirely through mail-in ballots. Secretary of State Paul Pate increased the absentee voting period for Iowa's June primaries and also postponed special elections in three counties.
In Wisconsin—a swing state with a Democratic governor and a Republican legislature—the 7 April election for a state Supreme Court seat, the federal presidential primaries for both the Democratic and Republican parties, and several other judicial and local elections went ahead as scheduled.
Due to the pandemic, at least fifteen other U.S. states cancelled or postponed scheduled elections or primaries at the time of Wisconsin's election. With Wisconsin grappling with their own pandemic, state Democratic lawmakers made several attempts to postpone their election, but were prevented by other Republican legislators. Governor Tony Evers called the Wisconsin legislature into a 4 April special session, but the Republican-controlled Assembly and Senate graveled their sessions in and out within seventeen seconds. In a joint statement afterwards, Wisconsin's state Assembly Speaker Robin Vos and Senate Majority Leader Scott Fitzgerald criticized Evers for attempting to postpone the election, for not calling a special session earlier, and for reversing his previous position on keeping the election date intact.
On 6 April, Evers attempted to move the election by an executive order, but was blocked by the Wisconsin Supreme Court. On the same day, a separate effort to extend the deadline for mailing absentee ballots was blocked by the Supreme Court of the United States. The only major concession achieved was that absentee ballots postmarked by 7 April at 8 p.m. would be accepted until 13 April. However, local media outlets reported that many voters had not received their requested absentee ballots by election day or, due to social distancing, were unable to satisfy a legal requirement that they obtain a witness' signature.
Lawmakers' decision to not delay the election was sharply criticized by the editorial board of the local Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, which had previously endorsed the Republican former governor Scott Walker. They called the election "the most undemocratic in the state's history." The New York Times characterized the election as "almost certain to be tarred as illegitimate," adding that the inability of the state's lawmakers to come to an agreement on moving the election was "an epic and predictable failure." The newspaper placed the political maneuvering as part of another chapter in "a decade of bitter partisan wrangling that saw [state Republicans] clinically attack and defang the state's Democratic institutions, starting with organized labor and continuing with voting laws making it far harder for poor and black residents of urban areas to vote." Republicans believed that holding the election on 7 April, when Democratic-leaning urban areas were hard-hit by the pandemic, would help secure them political advantages like a continued 5–2 conservative majority on the Wisconsin Supreme Court (through the elected seat of Daniel Kelly).
When the election went ahead on 7 April, access to easy in-person voting heavily depended on where voters were located. In smaller or more rural communities, which tend to be whiter and vote Republican, few issues were reported. In more urbanized areas, the coronavirus pandemic forced the closure and consolidation of many polling places around the state despite the use of 2,500 National Guard members to combat a severe shortage in poll workers. The effects were felt most heavily in Milwaukee, the state's largest city with the largest minority population and the center of the state's ongoing pandemic. The city's government was only able to open 5 of 180 polling stations after being short by nearly 1,000 poll workers. As a result, lengthy lines were reported, with some voters waiting for up to 2.5 hours and through rain showers. The lines disproportionately affected Milwaukee's large Hispanic and African-American population; the latter had already been disproportionately afflicted with the coronavirus pandemic, forming nearly half of Wisconsin's documented cases and over half its deaths at the time the vote was conducted.
Similar problems with poll station closures and long lines were reported in Waukesha, where only one polling station was opened for a city of 70,000, and Green Bay, where only 17 poll workers out of 270 were able to work. Other cities were able to keep lines much shorter, including the state capital of Madison, which opened about two-thirds of its usual polling locations, and Appleton, which opened all of its usual 15.
Voters across the state were advised to maintain social distancing, wear face masks, and bring their own pens. Vos, the state Assembly Speaker, served as an election inspector for in-person voting on 7 April. While wearing medical-like personal protective equipment, he told reporters that it was "incredibly safe to go out" and vote, adding that voters faced "minimal exposure."
Impact on politicians and public figures
On 13 March 2020, Peter Dutton, the Minister for Home Affairs, stated that he was infected with COVID-19 and went into isolation in a hospital after having attended a Five Eyes security pact in Washington, D.C. where he met with United States President Donald Trump, United States Attorney General William Barr, and Ivanka Trump.
On 25 March, the liberal MP from Brampton West, Kamal Khera, announced that she has tested positive for COVID-19 and would be self-isolating. She was the first federal politician to test positive.
President of Sinn Féin Mary Lou McDonald was the first high-profile Irish politician affected by the spread of COVID-19, with her party cancelling events and her family entering self-isolation for a period, after McDonald confirmed on 2 March that her children attended the same school as the student with the first recorded case of COVID-19 in Ireland. On 16 March, Thomas Pringle, an independent TD representing the Donegal constituency, entered isolation due to previous contact with someone in Dublin and the high risk to his own personal health.
On 18 March, Luke 'Ming' Flanagan, the independent MEP representing the Midlands–North-West constituency, announced that he and his family would begin self-isolating after his daughter exhibited symptoms of COVID-19.
On 24 March, 2020, Mahmoud Jibril, the leader of the National Forces Alliance who had served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Prime Minister of Libya in 2011, tested positive for coronavirus and later died on 5 April.
On 7 March 2020, Nicola Zingaretti, the Secretary of the Democratic Party and President of Lazio, announced that he was infected with COVID-19 and Anna Ascani, the vice president of the Democratic Party, also stated that she was infected by the virus on 14 March.
During a debate in the House of Representatives on the corona pandemic on 18 March 2020, Minister for Medical Care Bruno Bruins suffered from a fainting, which was attributed to overtiredness. One day later, the king honorably discharged him at his own request. Minister Hugo de Jonge took over the tasks relating to the fight against the corona pandemic.
Several Filipino politicians and their relatives have tested for COVID-19 causing public backlash since some of them allegedly bypassed the Department of Health's protocol to only test symptomatic individuals or expedited the conduct and releasing of their COVID-19 testing results during a shortage on testing kits in the Philippines.
Members of both the lower and upper chambers of the Congress of the Philippines have been confirmed to have contracted COVID-19. In the Senate, 3 out of 24 Senators have contracted the disease. On 18 March 2020, Senator Juan Miguel Zubiri tested positive for COVID-19 after attending a meeting with a resource person at the Senate, who later tested positive as well. He and his family went into self-isolation. Senators Koko Pimentel and Sonny Angara tested positive for the virus as well on 25 and 26 March respectively.
The House of Representatives has one member who have contracted COVID-19. On 26 March Bulacan 4th District representative Henry Villarica was confirmed to have contracted COVID-19. ACT-CIS Partylist representative Eric Go Yap was initially reported to have tested positive for the virus, but later announced that he had actually tested negative, with the initial erroneous result attributed to an encoding error by the testing laboratory.
In the provincial level, Rebecca Ynares, the Governor of Rizal, announced on 26 March to have tested positive for the virus. In the municipal level, Ferdinand Estrella, Mayor of Baliuag, announced on 17 March that he had tested positive for COVID-19. On 20 March, Caba, La Union Mayor Philip Crispin announced that both he and Donna Crispino, his wife and a councilor of the town, had contracted the virus. Batangas City Council Julian Pedro Pastor died from COVID-19 on 4 April.
On 8 March 2020, Vox held a political rally that was attended by over 9,000 people and later apologised after Santiago Abascal, its president, Javier Ortega Smith, its secretary general, and multiple members of its party in the Congress of Deputies tested positive for COVID-19.
On 5 March 2020, Under-Secretary of State for Mental Health, Suicide Prevention and Patient Safety and parliamentarian Nadine Dorries showed symptoms of COVID-19 after meeting with Prime Minister Boris Johnson and later tested positive. Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and parliamentarian Rachael Maskell went into isolation due to coming in contact with Dorries. Kate Osborne, a Labour MP, was the second MP to test positive for COVID-19. Lloyd Russell-Moyle was the third MP to test positive.
Boris Johnson went into isolation in 10 Downing Street and on 27 March, he announced that he had tested positive for coronavirus. On 5 April, he was admitted to St Thomas' Hospital in Westminster and was later moved to the intensive care unit the following day.
The Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) was held from 26 to 29 February 2020, and it was later discovered that one of the attendants with a gold-level VIP ticket had met with multiple high level politicians. These included Senators Ted Cruz, Rick Scott, and Lindsey Graham; and Representatives Mark Meadows, Paul Gosar, Doug Collins, and Matt Gaetz all of whom later went into self-quarantine along with other members of the Republican Party.
On 18 March, Representatives Mario Díaz-Balart (R-FL-25) and Ben McAdams (D-UT-4) became the first members of Congress to test positive for the virus. On 22 March, Senator Rand Paul (R-KY) became the first member of the Senate to test positive for coronavirus, but despite having taken the test he did not go into isolation causing Senators Mitt Romney and Mike Lee to go into isolation after having made contact with Paul. On 19 March, Joe Cunningham (D-SC-1) went into isolation after coming into contact with another member of Congress who tested positive and on 27 March he announced that he tested positive for the virus.
On 7 April, Rand Paul announced that he had recovered from the coronavirus and would start volunteering at a local hospital.
Denotes infected Denotes deaths Same person denoted with asterisks
Executive offices and others
- List of major events affected by the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on religion
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on education
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on science and technology
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on television
- Yglesias, Matthew (31 March 2020). "Trump's coronavirus poll bump, explained". Vox. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- Greene, Alan. "State of emergency: how different countries are invoking extra powers to stop the coronavirus". The Conversation. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- Feldstein, Steven; Feldstein, Steven. "Beware the Implications of Coronavirus Surveillance". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- "Relations between China and America are infected with coronavirus". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
- "Bolsonaro's son enrages Beijing by blaming China for coronavirus crisis". The Guardian. 19 March 2020.
- "China is winning the coronavirus propaganda war". Politico. 18 March 2020.
- "China Is Fighting the Coronavirus Propaganda War to Win". Foreign Policy. 20 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: China showers Europe with virus aid while sparring with Trump". The Straits Times. 19 March 2020.
- "Governments reject Chinese-made equipment". BBC News. 30 March 2020.
- Walsh, Michael; Walden, Max; Zhao, Iris (25 March 2020). "'A white jade for friendship': China's push to save countries from COVID-19". ABC News. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
- "Faults in China-supplied coronavirus equipment reported in Europe". The Irish Times. 30 March 2020.
- "EU will lose its 'raison d'etre' if it fails to help during COVID-19 crisis, Italy's PM warns". 28 March 2020.
- "Germany bans export of medical protection gear due to coronavirus". Reuters. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "Germany lifts export ban on medical equipment over coronavirus". Reuters. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- Tsang, Amie (7 March 2020). "E.U. Seeks Solidarity as Nations Restrict Medical Exports". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "Coronavirus Is a Critical Test for the European Union". Time. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- Johnson, Keith. "Fighting Pandemic, Europe Divides Again Along North and South Lines". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- Amaro, Silvia (25 March 2020). "Nine European countries say it is time for 'corona bonds' as virus death toll rises". CNBC. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "The EU can't agree on how to help Italy and Spain pay for coronavirus relief". CNN. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "Italy's future is in German hands". POLITICO. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- Bayer, Lili (1 April 2020). "EU response to corona crisis 'poor,' says senior Greek official". POLITICO. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "Virtual summit, real acrimony: EU leaders clash over 'corona bonds'". POLITICO. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "What are 'corona bonds' and how can they help revive the EU's economy?". euronews. 26 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "Statement by Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden". 1 April 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Trolldiplomácia a maximumon: A magyar kormány is csatlakozott a jogállamiságot védő európai nyilatkozathoz". 2 April 2020.
- "A magyar kormány is csatlakozott ahhoz a kiálláshoz, ami kimondatlanul ugyan, de ellene szól". 2 April 2020.
- "Megvolt a kétharmad, a kormánypárti többség megszavazta a felhatalmazási törvényt". 30 March 2020.
- "A Fidesz-kétharmad elfogadta a felhatalmazási törvényt". 30 March 2020.
- "Megszavazta az Országgyűlés a koronavírus-törvényt, Áder pedig ki is hirdette". 30 March 2020.
- "Áder János már alá is írta a felhatalmazási törvényt". 30 March 2020.
- "EU executive chief concerned Hungary emergency measures go too far". 2 April 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "EU sanctions over Hungary's virus measures should be considered, German official says". 3 April 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Orbán a Néppártnak: Most nincs időm erre!". 3 April 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Szijjártó looked virtually into the eyes of his critics". 3 April 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- Gibson, Jenna. "COVID-19 Aggravates an Already Tense Korea-Japan Relationship". thediplomat.com. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
- Farrer, Justin McCurry Martin (6 March 2020). "Coronavirus quarantine plans ignite row between South Korea and Japan". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
- Toosi, Nahal (3 April 2020). "'Lord of the Flies: PPE Edition': U.S. cast as culprit in global scrum over coronavirus supplies". POLITICO.
- Jerusalem, Kim Willsher Oliver Holmes in; Istanbul, Bethan McKernan in; Palermo, Lorenzo Tondo in (3 April 2020). "US hijacking mask shipments in rush for coronavirus protection". The Guardian.
- "Face masks from China intended for France 'hijacked' by US at the last minute". 2 April 2020. Archived from the original on 3 April 2020.
- "Trudeau worried supplies meant for Canada have been diverted to US". 3 April 2020. Archived from the original on 3 April 2020.
- "US accused of 'modern piracy' after diversion of masks meant for Europe". 3 April 2020. Archived from the original on 3 April 2020.
- "Berlin backtracks after accusing U.S. of 'piracy' when 200,000 masks went missing". 5 April 2020.
- "Maryland's Governor, a Republican, Is Willing to Spar With Trump for Supplies". 3 April 2020. Archived from the original on 6 April 2020.
- Forrest, Maura (3 April 2020). "Trudeau warns U.S. against denying exports of medical supplies to Canada". POLITICO.
- Blatchford, Andy (4 April 2020). "Trump's moves to hold medical supplies tip Trudeau to China". POLITICO.
- "Sophie Wilmès legt eed af als premier" (in Dutch). Het Laatste Nieuws. 17 March 2020.
- Dias, Isabela (20 March 2020). "Could the Coronavirus Topple Jair Bolsonaro?". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "Bolsonaro diz que 'pequena crise' do coronavírus é 'mais fantasia' e não 'isso tudo' que mídia propaga". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "Gestão de Bolsonaro do coronavírus é reprovada por 64%, e 45% se dizem a favor de impeachment". El País. 19 March 2020.
- "Brazil coronavirus protesters urge 'Bolsonaro out'". BBC News. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "Parliament suspends for five weeks over COVID-19 concerns". CP 24. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020.
- Aiello, Rachel (31 March 2020). "House health committee holding first virtual briefing on COVID-19 efforts". CTV News. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- Canadian Press, The (26 March 2020). "Conservatives suspend party's leadership race in face of COVID-19 crisis". National Newswatch. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- Rothbauer, Kevin (27 March 2020). "B.C. Greens suspend leadership race due to COVID-19". Alberni Valley News. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "Quebec Liberal Party suspends its leadership contest due to COVID-19 pandemic". CTV News. Canadian Press. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- "COVID-19: Le Parti Québécois met sa course à la direction en pause". Le journal de Montreal. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- Bostock, Bill (13 February 2020). "China sacked a brace of top officials in Hubei province, likely in a move to protect Xi Jinping from people's anger over the coronavirus outbreak". Business Insider. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- "Hong Kong protesters torch planned Wuhan virus quarantine building". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- "Taiwan hits out at China virus travel bans". medicalxpress.com. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- Wilson, Audrey. "Hun Sen Is More Worried About Beijing Than the Coronavirus". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- "Peering around the corner: The geopolitics of the coronavirus". Atlantic Council. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- "China is winning the coronavirus propaganda war". Politico. 18 March 2020.
- Zoltán, Kovács (30 March 2020). "Hungarian Coronavirus Act passes, granting Viktor Orbán unprecedented emergency powers". index.hu. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- Liu, Abraham. "Hungary's Viktor Orbán wins vote to rule by decree – POLITICO". Politico.eu. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- "Hungary's Authoritarian Takeover Puts European Union at Risk". 1 April 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Victor Orban's power grab in Hungary heightens fears of dictatorship in EU". 2 April 2020.
- "HUNGARY 'NO LONGER A DEMOCRACY' AFTER CORONAVIRUS LAW". 31 March 2020.
- "How coronavirus legislation could create the EU's first dictatorship". 1 April 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Hungary government gets sweeping powers". 30 March 2020. Archived from the original on 30 March 2020.
- Cunningham, Erin. "Coronavirus pummels Iran leadership as data show spread is far worse than reported". The Washington Post. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "Will Iran's Regime Survive Coronavirus?". National Review. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "U.S. sanctions 'severely hamper' Iran coronavirus fight, Rouhani says". Reuters. 14 March 2020.
- Haltiwanger J (3 March 2020). "8% of Iran's parliament has the coronavirus, and it released 54,000 prisoners as the country descends into chaos". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 4 March 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- "Israel's Gantz vows to form 'broad' new government". 16 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020 – via www.bbc.com.
- "Israeli leader offers to step down next year in unity deal". ABC News. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "COVID-19: UN envoy hails strong Israel-Palestine cooperation". UN News. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "Kosovo's Crisis-Hit Govt Threatened with No-Confidence Vote". 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020.
- "Kosovo govt toppled by no-confidence vote amid coronavirus". 25 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020.
- Besser, Europe correspondent Linton (2 April 2020). "Journalists flee psychiatric orders as strongmen grab power: Inside Europe's coronavirus chaos". ABC News. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- "Coronavirus quarantine plans ignite row between South Korea and Japan". The Guardian. 6 March 2020. Archived from the original on 8 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "South Korea's President Tried to Help China Contain the Coronavirus. Now People Want Him Impeached". Foreign Policy. 9 March 2020. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "데일리 오피니언 제392호(2020년 3월 2주) - 총선 기대, 차기 정치 지도자, 코로나19, 마스크 관련 인식" (PDF). 한국갤럽. 13 March 2020.
- "More Spanish politicians confirm they have been infected with the coronavirus". El Pais. 9 March 2020. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
- "Government counting on opposition support for coronavirus measures despite lack of dialogue". EL PAÍS. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- Hughes, Siobhan; Andrews, Natalie (27 March 2020). "House Passes $2 Trillion Coronavirus Stimulus Package". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "Intelligence Chairman Raised Virus Alarms Weeks Ago, Secret Recording Shows". NPR. 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020.
- "Exclusive: Justice Department reviews stock trades by lawmakers after coronavirus briefings". The Hill. 30 March 2020. Archived from the original on 31 March 2020.
- "EU condemns Trump travel ban from Europe as virus spreads". Associated Press. 12 March 2020.
- "America's botched response to the coronavirus is a problem bigger than Donald Trump". The Boston Globe.
- "Local governments take the lead, collaborate, and improvise to manage crisis". The Boston Globe.
- Kemble, William J. "State waives some provisions of Open Meetings Law amid pandemic concerns". Daily Freeman.
- Borger, Julian (7 April 2020). "US navy official apologises for calling captain behind coronavirus memo 'naive or stupid'". The Guardian.
- "Coronavirus and State Legislatures in the News". NCSL. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "Legislature to temporarily adjourn due to coronavirus concerns". NCSL. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "7th Case of Coronavirus in NH as State House Suspends Legislative Activities for a Week". NBC. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020.
- "Beshear rips into Senate budget proposal as Kentucky lawmakers hit pause on session". Courier Journal. 19 March 2020.
- "States expecting big revenue hit as COVID-19 slows the economy". Roll Call. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "Entire Georgia state legislature urged to self-quarantine after positive coronavirus test". Hill. 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020.
- "Bolivia delays presidential elections, mandates 14-day quarantine against virus". 21 March 2020. Archived from the original on 5 April 2020.
- "Electoral court postpones Bolivia general election over virus". 22 March 2020. Archived from the original on 5 April 2020.
- "Acuerdo político por elecciones del 2020: Plebiscito se postergará para el 25 de octubre". Cooperativa. 23 March 2020.
- "NEBE Says Impossible To Hold Election As Per Scheduled Due To COVID-19". fanabc.com. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- "France's Macron defies coronavirus lockdown with elections". BBC. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "Le maintien des municipales fait de plus en plus polémique". Libération. 14 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus : le second tour des municipales reporté". Le Parisien. 16 March 2020.
- "inviato il referendum del 29 marzo sul taglio dei parlamentari". Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- Patinio, Ferdinand (9 March 2020). "Comelec suspends voter registration amid Covid-19 threat". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "COMELEC extends suspension of voter registration to April 30". CNN Philippines. 27 April 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- Magdayao, Aira Genesa (26 March 2020). "Postponement of Palawan division plebiscite sought". Palawan News Online. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "Poland's coronavirus-crisis election unleashes political warfare". POLITICO. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "Most Polish Presidential Candidates Fail To Collect Signatures Due To COVID-19 - Reports". 27 March 2020. Archived from the original on 28 March 2020.
- "Serbia Delays Elections After Virus Triggers Emergency".
- Gorospe, Pedro (16 March 2020). "Urkullu aplaza las elecciones vascas hasta superar la crisis del coronavirus". EL PAÍS (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- Vizoso, Pedro Gorospe, Sonia (16 March 2020). "Galicia y País Vasco aplazan las elecciones hasta superar la crisis del coronavirus". EL PAÍS (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "Sri Lanka's General Election postponed till country is freed from COVID-19". NewsIn.Asia. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
- "Sri Lanka's General Election postponed: Until the polls Country comes under Election Commission | Asian Tribune". www.asiantribune.com. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
- "President tells SAARC leaders April election will go ahead". Colombo Gazette. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "Syria elections postponed over coronavirus". Yahoo News. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- "Coronavirus: English local elections postponed for a year". BBC. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020.
- "Lib Dems suspend leadership contest until 2021". BBC News. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "2020 presidential campaigns go digital during coronavirus outbreak". 20 March 2020. Archived from the original on 3 April 2020.
- "A Grounded Biden Campaign Is Trying To Reach Voters In The Cloud". 25 March 2020. Archived from the original on 3 April 2020.
- "His Signature Rallies Are Off, So Here's How Trump's Campaign Has Moved Online". 2 April 2020. Archived from the original on 3 April 2020.
- Results or revolution? Biden, Sanders present dueling visions while blasting Trump's coronavirus response Reuters, 16 March 2020
- Arizona: Latest updates on coronavirus Live Science, 15 March 2020
- "Democratic National Convention pushed back to August". 2 April 2020. Archived from the original on 2 April 2020.
- Biden suggests Democrats may hold 'virtual convention' amid coronavirus crisis NBC News, 5 Apr 2020
- Trump, Biden trade barbs over possible virtual Democratic convention By Adam Edelman, NBC News, 6 Apr 2020
- Democrats fear coronavirus impact on November turnout The Hill, 3 April 2020
- "ND Dem-NPL cancels state convention due to virus concerns; Republicans going ahead for now". Inforum. 12 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "Louisiana postpones Democratic primary over coronavirus, the first state to do so". CNBC. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020.
- "WYOMING DEMOCRATIC PARTY SUSPENDS IN-PERSON CAUCUS, CONVENTIONS". K2 Radio. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "Georgia Moves Presidential Primary from March 24 to May 19". Ballot Access News. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020.
- "Kentucky Moves Primary for All Office from May 19 to June 23". Ballot Access News. 17 March 2020. Archived from the original on 17 March 2020.
- "Ohio to postpone Democratic primary over coronavirus pandemic". New York Post. 16 March 2020. Archived from the original on 17 March 2020.
- "Connecticut Postpones Presidential Primary from April 28 to June 2". Ballot Access News. 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020.
- "Governor announces Indiana primary moved from May 5 to June 2". 20 March 2020. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020.
- "Which states are changing their primaries over coronavirus". 24 March 2020. Archived from the original on 25 March 2020.
- "Pennsylvania primary postponed to June amid COVID-19 outbreak". 27 March 2020. Archived from the original on 27 March 2020.
- "New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo moves state's presidential primary". 28 March 2020. Archived from the original on 28 March 2020.
- "Kansas Democratic presidential primaries move to mail-in only, cancel in-person voting". 30 March 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Idaho primary will be conducted completely by mail". 1 April 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "COVID-19 UPDATE: Gov. Justice signs executive order to move Primary Election to June 9 after consultation with Attorney General, Secretary of State". 1 April 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Polling places moved from nursing homes; other changes amid coronavirus concerns". The Baltimore Sun. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "Officials urge Maryland to hold mail-in only primary because of coronavirus". The Baltimore Sun. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "State, Congressional Candidates Sign Petition to Stop Petitioning During Coronavirus". Bklyner. 11 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "New York Primary Petitions Cut to 30% of Normal, but Petitioning Deadline Arrives Sooner". Ballot Access News. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus may keep 3rd-party presidential candidates off the ballot". 26 March 2020. Archived from the original on 2 April 2020.
- "MDP Chair Lavora Barnes Statement on Party Legacy Dinner Fundraiser and Endorsement Convention". 11 March 2020. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020.
- "Utah Democrats, GOP cancel in-person state conventions, postpone caucus night". 12 March 2020. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020.
- "Governor Abbott Issues Proclamation Postponing Special Election For Texas Senate District 14". 16 March 2020. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020.
- "Nine states postpone presidential or congressional primary elections". 21 March 2020. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020.
- "Mississippi delays a GOP primary runoff amid pandemic". 20 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020.
- "2nd Hampden and Hampshire special election postponed to May". 24 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020.
- "March & April Elections Postponed Due to Coronavirus". South Carolina Votes. 15 March 2020. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020.
- "State Election Board Secretary Declares Election Emergency: Authorizes Local Entities to Reschedule April 7 Elections". 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020.
- "Alabama Postpones Run-Off Primaries from March 31 to July 14". Ballot Access News. 18 March 2020. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020.
- "Missouri Governor Postpones Local Elections from April 7 to June 2". Ballot Access News. 18 March 2020. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020.
- "Primary Election to be done by mail due to COVID-19 concerns". 24 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020.
- "Iowa secretary of state extends absentee voting period for June primary due to coronavirus". 23 March 2020.
- "MEDIA RELEASE: Secretary Pate reschedules three special elections for July 7". 20 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020.
- Corasaniti, Nick; Saul, Stephanie (7 April 2020). "15 States Have Postponed Their Primaries Because of Coronavirus. Here's a List". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- Glauber, Bill; Marley, Patrick (4 April 2020). "In matter of seconds, Republicans stall Gov. Tony Evers' move to postpone Tuesday election". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Beck, Molly (3 April 2020). "Wisconsin Gov. Tony Evers calls special session to stop in-person voting, but Republican leaders say it should go forward". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Herndon, Astead W.; Rutenberg, Jim (6 April 2020). "Wisconsin Election Fight Heralds a National Battle Over Virus-Era Voting". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Molly, Beck (7 April 2020). "As election day arrives, voters hoping to avoid coronavirus say they are still waiting for absentee ballots". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Jannene, Jeramey (6 April 2020). "Where Are the Missing Ballots?". Urban Milwaukee. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Epstein, Reid J. (7 April 2020). "Why Wisconsin Republicans Insisted on an Election in a Pandemic". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- "Editorial: Evers' ban on in-person voting was the right call to ensure a safe, fair election during coronavirus pandemic". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. 6 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- "Wisconsin Election: Voters Forced to Choose Between Protecting Their Health and Their Civic Duty". The New York Times. 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Herndon, Astead W.; Burns, Alexander (7 April 2020). "Voting in Wisconsin During a Pandemic: Lines, Masks and Plenty of Fear". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- Herndon, Astead W. "They Turned Out to Vote in Wisconsin During a Health Crisis. Here's Why". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "Election day live blog". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Jannene, Jeramey (7 April 2020). "Why Does Madison Have More Voting Sites Than Milwaukee?". Urban Milwaukee. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Jannene, Jeramey (7 April 2020). "Long Lines at Milwaukee's Polling Places". Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Bill, Ruthhart (7 April 2020). "In battleground Wisconsin, long voter lines, no election results and a missed opportunity to build toward November". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Shabad, Rebecca; Egan, Lauren (7 April 2020). "Wisconsin voters face long waits, lines amid coronavirus outbreak". NBC News. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Kate, Sullivan (7 April 2020). "Republican Wisconsin assembly speaker wears protective gear while telling voters they are 'incredibly safe to go out'". CNN. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- "Australian politician who met Ivanka Trump, Attorney General William Barr infected with coronavirus". USA Today. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020.
- "Canadian PM Trudeau's wife tests positive for coronavirus". BBC. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020.
- "Liberal MP tests positive for COVID-19 after developing flu-like symptoms". Toronto. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- "German state finance minister Thomas Schäfer found dead". 28 March 2020. Archived from the original on 29 March 2020.
- "Mary Lou McDonald cancels meetings as children attend coronavirus-hit Dublin school". Newstalk. 2 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- Burke, Ceimin (17 March 2020). "TD Thomas Pringle in isolation after potentially coming into contact with coronavirus". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- Maguire, Stephen (17 March 2020). "Donegal TD in isolation amid coronavirus fears". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "Luke 'Ming' Flanagan". 18 March 2020.
- "Libyan revolution premier Jibril dies from coronavirus". 5 April 2020. Archived from the original on 7 April 2020.
- "Leader of Italian Democratic party has coronavirus". The Guardian. 7 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus, positiva il viceministro Pd Anna Ascani. Era da giorni in isolamento". La Nazione. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
- "Prince Albert of Monaco tests positive for coronavirus". 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Prince Albert of Monaco first head of state to test positive for coronavirus". 21 March 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Prince Albert of Monaco recovers from coronavirus". 31 March 2020. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020.
- "Minister Bruins treedt af, De Jonge neemt coronadossier over". NU. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- Malasig, Jeline (18 March 2020). "Politicians and their families get tested for COVID-19, but some people are not having it". Interaksyon.
- Rita, Joviland (23 March 2020). "Duque clarifies RITM director was not replaced amid alleged VIP testing for COVID-19". GMA News Online.
- Robles, Alan (25 March 2020). "Coronavirus: in Philippines, leak shows politicians and relatives received 'VIP' testing". South China Morning Post.
- "DILG chief Año positive for COVID-19". GMA News. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- "Senator Zubiri tests positive for COVID-19". CNN Philippines. 16 March 2020.
- Rey, Aika (25 March 2020). "Pimentel tests positive for coronavirus". Rappler. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Sonny Angara tests positive for coronavirus". Rappler. 26 March 2020.
- "Bulacan congressman tests positive for COVID-19". CNN Philippines. 26 March 2020.
- Cepeda, Mara (25 March 2020). "House appropriations panel chair Eric Yap tests positive for coronavirus". Rappler. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "RITM says Yap negative for COVID-19, apologizes for error". GMA News. 27 March 2020.
- Lalu, Gabriel Pabico (25 March 2020). "Rizal Governor Nini Ynares tests positive for COVID-19". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- Magsambol, Bonz (17 March 2020). "Baliuag, Bulacan mayor tests positive for coronavirus". Rappler. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- Fonbuena, Carmela (20 March 2020). "La Union mayor, councilor test positive for coronavirus". Rappler. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- "Batangas City councilor who tested positive for COVID-19 dies". CNN Philippines. 5 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Health minister Nadine Dorries tests positive". BBC. 11 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020.
- "Second MP Kate Osborne diagnosed with coronavirus following self-isolation". ITV News. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Prince Charles tests positive but 'remains in good health'". 26 March 2020. Archived from the original on 7 April 2020.
- "PM Boris Johnson tests positive for coronavirus". BBC. 27 March 2020.
- "Boris Johnson moved to intensive care unit as coronavirus symptoms have 'worsened'". 6 April 2020. Archived from the original on 6 April 2020.
- "Ted Cruz to extend self-quarantine after second interaction with individual who tested positive for coronavirus". CNN. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020.
- "CPAC scrambles to contain coronavirus fallout". Politico. 9 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020.
- "Florida Republican becomes first lawmaker to test positive for coronavirus". Politico. 18 March 2020. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020.
- "Second Member of Congress Tests Positive for COVID-19". Politico. 18 March 2020. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020.
- "Rand Paul defends decision to not self-quarantine while awaiting coronavirus test". New York Post. 24 March 2020. Archived from the original on 25 March 2020.
- "3 GOP Senators In Self-Quarantine Will Be Unable To Vote On Coronavirus Relief". NPR. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 25 March 2020.
- "Rep. Joe Cunningham goes into self-quarantine". NPR. 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 27 March 2020.
- "Rep. Cunningham says he tested positive for COVID-19". 27 March 2020.
- "Rand Paul recovers from coronavirus, tests negative". 7 April 2020. Archived from the original on 7 April 2020.
- Susan McDonald, Senator for Queensland
Andrew Bragg, Senator for New South Wales
Rex Patrick, Senator for South Australia
- Peter Dutton, MP for Dickson
- Davi Alcolumbre, President of the Federal Senate, Senator for Amapá
- Kamal Khera, MP for Brampton West
- Jean-Luc Reitzer
- Ali Larijani, Speaker
Masoumeh Aghapour Alishahi
- Fatemeh Rahbar
Mohammad Ali Ramazani Dastak
- Anna Ascani
- Abdelkader Aamara, MP for Salé
- Juan Miguel Zubiri
- Henry Villarica
- Javier Ortega Smith
- Kenneth Meshoe
- Serhii Shakhov
- Rand Paul, Senator from Kentucky
- Mario Díaz-Balart, Florida 25
Ben McAdams, Utah 4
Joe Cunningham, South Carolina 1
Mike Kelly, Pennsylvania 16
- Kimberly Jean-Pierre, District 11
Helene Weinstein, District 41
Charles Barron, District 60
- Matthew Gambill, District 15
- Brandon Beach, District 21
Kay Kirkpatrick, District 32
Nikema Williams, District 39
Lester Jackson, District 2
Bruce Thompson, District 14
- David Bowen, District 10
- Jane Garibay, District 60
- Jim Smallwood, District 4
- Dafna Michaelson Jenet, District 30
- Clarence Nishihara, District 17
- Clinton Calabrese, District 36
- Paul Rosino, District 45
- Jason Lowe, District 97
- Joe Runions, District 37
- Tyrone Carter, District 6
Karen Whitsett, District 9
- Isaac Robinson, District 4
- Bob Glanzer, District 22
- Michael Day, District 31
- Nadine Dorries, MP for Mid Bedfordshire
Kate Osborne, MP for Jarrow
Lloyd Russell-Moyle, MP for Brighton Kemptown,
Boris Johnson, MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip
Matt Hancock, MP for West Suffolk
Alister Jack, MP for Dumfries and Galloway
Tony Lloyd, MP for Rochdale
- Mackinnon, Darcy Palder, Amy. "Coronavirus in the Corridors of Power". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- Fox, Benjamin (27 March 2020). "Boris Johnson tests positive for COVID-19 with 'mild symptoms'". www.euractiv.com. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- Brewster, Jack. "These 20 U.S. Politicians Have Tested Positive For The Coronavirus". Forbes. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "South African politicians test positive for COVID-19". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "Politicians, candidates, and government officials diagnosed with or quarantined due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, 2020". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- Foran, Clare. "Two more members of Congress test positive for Covid-19". CNN. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "Scottish Secretary has Covid-19 symptoms". BBC News. 28 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- Governor of Querétaro announces that he also has coronavirus (in Spanish) Expansión Politica, 30 March 2020, retrieved 5 April 2020
- "PH envoy to Lebanon dies of COVID-19 complications". ABS-CBN News. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "Brazil's Cabinet Security Chief Tests Positive for Coronavirus". 19 March 2020.
- "Burkina Faso Mines Minister Tests Positive for Coronavirus". Bloomberg.com. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- "#Coronavirus : Franck Riester, le ministre de la Culture, testé positif mais "en forme" (cabinet)". Twitter. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- "Menhub Budi Karya Sumadi positif COVID-19". Antara News (in Indonesian). 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
- Agenciabrasil.ebc.comb.br: Em quarentena, Nestor Forster tem resultado positivo para o Covid-19, March 2020
- "Coronavirus: Iran's vice president Masoumeh Ebtekar has COVID-19 as 26 are killed by virus". Sky News. 28 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Iran's vice president and two ministers stricken by coronavirus". Al Jazeera English. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
- "Iranian Minister of Industry Reza Rahmani has coronavirus: Reports". Al Arabiya English. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- Kasraoui, Safaa (14 March 2020). "Moroccan Minister Abdelkader Amara Tests Positive for COVID-19". Morocco World News. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- Mack, David (19 March 2020). "Prince Albert II Of Monaco Is The First Head Of State To Announce A COVID-19 Diagnosis". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
- Owoseye, Ayodamola (24 March 2020). "UPDATED: Coronavirus: Abba Kyari reportedly tests positive; Kingibe, others may be tested". Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Spain's Deputy PM Carmen Calvo tests positive for coronavirus". Reuters. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Carolina Darias, segunda ministra con coronavirus". El Nacional. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: EU's Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier tests positive for COVID-19". Sky News. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- "Detroit City Council President Brenda Jones tests positive for coronavirus". 2 April 2020. Archived from the original on 2 April 2020.
- Coronavirus in Mexico: a governor confirmed that it is infected Newsmaker News, 29 March 2020, retrieved 5 April 2020
- Former Libyan PM Mahmoud Jibril has died from complications related to coronavirus