Imperative mandate

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The Imperative mandate is a political system in which "representatives enact policies in accordance with mandates and can be recalled by people’s assemblies".[1] It requires a context in which "power is not monopolized by the state, but distributed in a plurality of municipalities and assemblies with specific political authority".[2]

History[edit]

The imperative mandate goes back to the Middle Ages.[3] It was embraced by the revolutionary assemblies in Paris in 1793[4] but then banned by the royalist members of the French National Assembly of 1789 to block greater influence by the people.[5][6] It was also rejected in the American Revolution.[7]

It was embraced in the Paris Commune and by the Council Communism movement.

Contemporary Political Movements[edit]

The Imperative Mandate has been used by the United Democratic Front and Abahlali baseMjondolo in South Africa[8] as well as the Zapatistas in Mexico.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who’s Afraid of the Imperative Mandate?, Massimiliano Tomba, Critical Times', 1(1), 2018
  2. ^ Who’s Afraid of the Imperative Mandate?, Massimiliano Tomba, Critical Times', 1(1), 2018
  3. ^ Who’s Afraid of the Imperative Mandate?, Massimiliano Tomba, Critical Times', 1(1), 2018
  4. ^ Who’s Afraid of the Imperative Mandate?, Massimiliano Tomba, Critical Times', 1(1), 2018
  5. ^ Constitutional Culture and Democratic Rule (Murphy Institute Studies in Political Economy) by John Ferejohn, Jack N. Rakove, and Jonathan Riley, Cambridge University Press, 2010, ISBN 052179370X/ISBN 978-0521793704
  6. ^ The Remaking of France: The National Assembly and the Constitution of 1791 by Michael Fitzsimmons, Cambridge University Press, 2002, ISBN 0521893771/ISBN 978-0521893770
  7. ^ Who’s Afraid of the Imperative Mandate?, Massimiliano Tomba, Critical Times', 1(1), 2018
  8. ^ Thinking Freedom in Africa, Michael Neocosmos, Wits University Press, 2016
  9. ^ Who’s Afraid of the Imperative Mandate?, Massimiliano Tomba, Critical Times', 1(1), 2018

External links[edit]