Imperial Crown of Mexico
|Imperial Crown of Mexico|
Replica of the Imperial Crown of Mexico
|Country||Second Mexican Empire (1864-1867)|
The Imperial Crown of Mexico was the crown created for the Emperor of Mexico on two separate occasions.
First Mexican Empire
Emperor Agustín I with the crown of the First Mexican Empire.
Empress consort Ana María with the Imperial Crown of Mexico.
Second Mexican Empire
The second Imperial Crown of Mexico, created during the Second Mexican Empire for Emperor Maximilian I (his consort was Charlotte of Belgium, known as Empress Carlota), who reigned from 1864 to 1867, is better documented. The original crown was destroyed during the ensuing fighting and victory of the Mexican republic, but replicas remain on display.
The Imperial Crown of Mexico during Maximilian's reign was modeled on the crowns of France and Austria. The crown of Maximilian's ancestor, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, had two arches which crossed over the top of the miter. It is this unique form which appears to have been the model.
However, since Napoleon III was the main power behind the Second Mexican Empire, and as an extension of the Second French Empire, the Mexican crown also used the half-arches and eagles on the circlet on the front, back and sides from the crown of Napoleon III. The Imperial Crown of Mexico also shares many similarities with the Crown of Empress Eugenie, Napoleon III's consort.
Emperor Maximilian I with the crown of the Second Mexican Empire.
- C.M. Mayo's blog for researchers of Mexico's Second Empire, a period also known as the French Intervention
- Library of Congress lecture (podcast) by C.M. Mayo about research in the Emperor Iturbide and Iturbide Family archives, July 2009
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