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The Imphy bridge
The Imphy bridge
Imphy is located in France
Location within Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region
Imphy is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Coordinates: 46°55′45″N 3°15′43″E / 46.9292°N 3.2619°E / 46.9292; 3.2619Coordinates: 46°55′45″N 3°15′43″E / 46.9292°N 3.2619°E / 46.9292; 3.2619
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Nièvre
Arrondissement Nevers
Canton Imphy
Intercommunality Fil de Loire
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Joëlle Julien
Area1 16.62 km2 (6.42 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 3,559
 • Density 210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 58134 /58160
Elevation 176–262 m (577–860 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Imphy is a commune in the Nièvre department in Bourgogne, France.

Industrial history[edit]

Imphy is known in particular for its steel-works, renowned for their special steels which were useful in particular for the north foot of the Eiffel Tower in 1889.[1] The Société de Commentry, Fourchambault et Decazeville was formed in 1853 through a merger of the Fourchambault foundry, Imphy steelworks, Montluçon (Allier) foundry and Commentry (Allier) colliery.[2] The Imphy steelworks was detached from the company and combined with the Saint-Seurin steelworks. They were adapted to use the Bessemer process. In 1869 the two steelworks were reunited with the company.[3] In 1954 the company was renamed the Société métallurgique d'Imphy. In 1968 it was merged with the Société des forges et aciéries du Creusot, which in 1971 became Creusot-Loire.[2] The combined company was in turn absorbed by Creusot-Loire (Saône-et-Loire) in 1971. The Creusot-Loire group was liquidated in December 1984.[3]


At the time of the 1999 census, the population was 4,015. In 2013, it was 3,559. The fall in population is attributed to a decline in industrial activities in the area. At one time the factories of Imphy employed up to 3,000 workers. Today, they (ArcelorMittal and Aubert&Duval) employ only about 1,000 workers.

Notable personalities[edit]

  • Hubert Bourdot (Imphy, 30 October 1861 – 30 September 1937) was a French Roman Catholic priest and mycologist
  • Charles Cliquet (Imphy, 21 January 1891 - Paris, 27 March 1956), member of French Resistance, Compagnon de la Libération
  • Stéphane Faye (Imphy, 10 May 1867 - Saint-Avé, 15 November 1947), writer

Imphy in the cinema[edit]

In Luc Moullet's short film, Imphy capitale de la France (1995), Moullet proposed making the town of Imphy the new capital of France, being ideally situated at the geographic centre of France.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Aperam Alloys Imphy, on the web site Retrieved 3 January 2017. (in French)
  2. ^ a b Société de Commentry - Fourchambault –
  3. ^ a b Dassé 2006, p. 3.