Impressions (John Coltrane album)
|Studio album / Live album by|
|Recorded||November 3, 1961, September 18, 1962 and April 29, 1963|
|Venue||Village Vanguard, New York City|
|Studio||Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ|
|Genre||Avant-garde jazz, post-bop, modal jazz|
|Length||47:38 CD reissue|
|John Coltrane chronology|
(Original Lp release)
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|||
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings|||
Music and recording
Tracks 1 and 3 were recorded live at the Village Vanguard in November 1961, while tracks 2 and 4 were recorded at Van Gelder Studio, respectively on September 18, 1962 and April 29, 1963. Track 5, "Dear Old Stockholm" did not appear on the original release, but appears on later reissues. The album was originally released in 1963 on the Impulse! label.
The studio tracks were performed by the classic Coltrane quartet (pianist McCoy Tyner, bassist Jimmy Garrison, and drummer Elvin Jones), who are joined by saxophonist Eric Dolphy and bassist Reggie Workman on the tracks recorded live at the Village Vanguard. Dolphy contributes a long bass clarinet solo on "India", but lays out on all but the final chord of "Impressions". Workman plays only on "India", joining Garrison in approximating the droning sound of Indian classical music.
Drummer Roy Haynes replaces Elvin Jones on "After the Rain" and "Dear Old Stockholm" (which were each recorded at the same April 1963 studio session). The title track features nearly fifteen minutes of Coltrane's soloing.
The music reflects Coltrane's evolving emotional and musical range, where he explores jazz modality, the music of India, the blues, and a traditional Swedish folk song (this last track was not included on the original 1963 album, but appeared first on a 1965 compilation released by Impulse! and is on the current—as of year 2000—CD release of Impressions as a bonus song). The eclecticism is to be expected; the album amounts ultimately to a compilation of three years of oddments.
Down Beat magazine critic Harvey Pekar summed up the album in his five-star review of August 29, 1963 writing "Not all the music on this album is excellent (which is what a five-star rating signifies,) but some is more than excellent."
Influence on popular music
According to Roger McGuinn, while touring in late 1965, the rock band the Byrds had only a single cassette recording to listen to on the tour bus, with Ravi Shankar on one side and Coltrane's Impressions and Africa/Brass on the other: "We played that damn thing 50 or 100 times, through a Fender amplifier that was plugged into an alternator in the car." The result was the recording of the single "Eight Miles High", acknowledged by the band as a direct homage to Coltrane, and to "India" on Impressions in particular.
All tracks composed by John Coltrane except where noted.
- "India" – 14:10
- "Up 'Gainst the Wall" – 3:17
- "Impressions" – 15:06
- "After the Rain" – 4:07
Bonus track first released on the 1964 LP, The Definitive Jazz Scene Volume 2, (Impulse AS-100) and on the 2000 Impressions CD reissue.
- John Coltrane – soprano and tenor saxophone
- Eric Dolphy – bass clarinet (track 1), alto sax (track 3, final chord only)
- McCoy Tyner – piano (tracks 1, 2, 4, and 5)
- Jimmy Garrison – double bass
- Reggie Workman – double bass (track 1)
- Elvin Jones – drums (tracks 1, 2, and 3)
- Roy Haynes – drums (tracks 4 and 5)
- Bob Thiele – production
- Rudy Van Gelder – recording engineer
- Kevin "relinquere nuces" Reeves – reissue mastering
- DeVito, Chris; Fujioka, Yasuhiro; Schmaler, Wolf; Wild, David (2013). Porter, Lewis (ed.). The John Coltrane Reference. New York/Abingdon: Routledge. p. 623. ISBN 9780415634632. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
- Editorial Staff, Cash Box (July 13, 1963). "Jazz Picks of the Week" (PDF). Cash Box. New York: The Cash Box Publishing Co. Inc. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- Down Beat: August 29, 1963 Vol. 30, No.24
- Impressions at AllMusic
- Dec. 2000, p.94 – reissue
- Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 46. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
- Larkin, Colin (2007). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195313734.
- Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-141-03401-0.
- Jim McGuinn quoted in Eight Miles High by Richie Unterberger
- Colin Larkin (2000). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 222. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.