The Improved Industrial Dwellings Company

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Improved Industrial Dwellings Company
Industry Housing
Founded London, UK (1863 (1863))
Founder Sydney Waterlow
Headquarters London
Products Model dwellings

The Improved Industrial Dwellings Company (IIDC) was a Victorian Model dwellings company founded in 1863 by the printer, philanthropist and later Lord Mayor of London Sir Sydney Waterlow. The company operated operating predominantly in Central London as a provider of block dwellings for the working classes, employing a strict selection and discipline regime amongst its tenants to ensure a healthy return on investment.[1] Starting with a capital of £50,000,[2] the IIDC became one of the largest and most successful of the model dwellings companies, housing at its height around 30,000 individuals.[3]


Waterlow worked with the builder Matthew Allen, choosing not to use an architect. Blocks built by the IIDC include:

There were others in Old St Pancras Road, Wapping, Greenwich and Islington.[9]

See also[edit]