Madonna: Truth or Dare

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Madonna: Truth or Dare
Madonna truth or dare poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byAlek Keshishian
Produced byMadonna
Tim Clawson
Steve Golin
Lisa Hollingshead
Daniel Radford
Jay Roewe
Sigurjón Sighvatsson
Narrated byMadonna
Music byMadonna
CinematographyChristophe Lanzeburg
Robert Leacock
Doug Nichol
Daniel Pearl
Toby Phillips
Marc Reshovsky
Edited byBarry Alexander Brown
Boy Toy, Inc.
Propaganda Films
Distributed byMiramax Films
Release date
  • May 10, 1991 (1991-05-10)
(limited release)
  • May 24, 1991 (1991-05-24)
(wide release)
Running time
122 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$4.5 million
Box office$29,012,935

Madonna: Truth or Dare (known as In Bed with Madonna outside of North America) is a 1991 American docufiction chronicling the life of American singer and songwriter Madonna during her 1990 Blond Ambition World Tour. The film was generally well received by critics and was successful at the box office with a worldwide gross of $29,012,935 (an estimated $53.34 million in 2018 dollars[1]). It remained the highest-grossing documentary of all time, until Bowling for Columbine surpassed it in 2002.[2] It was screened out of competition at the 1991 Cannes Film Festival.[3]

In 2005, Madonna produced another documentary, I'm Going to Tell You a Secret, which followed her 2004 Re-Invention World Tour. It was filmed and narrated in the same style as Truth or Dare, with stage performances filmed in colour and behind-the-scenes in black and white. Truth or Dare was nominated for a Razzie Award for Worst Actress for Madonna as herself, which she lost to Sean Young for A Kiss Before Dying.[4] It holds an 86% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 28 reviews.[5]


The film begins on August 6, 1990, the day after the final show of the Blond Ambition World Tour in Nice, France. Madonna reminisces in her hotel room about the tour and how its completion would hit her later.

In a flashback to April 1990, the tour is about to kick off in Japan. Everything is a mess; there are sound problems and Madonna did not realize that the tour is during the rainy season in Japan. Because it is cold and wet, Madonna and the dancers scrap their costumes for warmer attire. In a voice-over, Madonna confesses that the only thing keeping her from "slashing my wrists" is the thought of returning to North America and performing the show as it is meant to be. In America, Madonna meets the families of her dancers. One dancer, Oliver, sees his father for the first time in several years, while Madonna talks with her father, Silvio "Tony" Ciccone, on the phone. Though she insists that she can get him tickets, he is reluctant to impose.

The Blond Ambition tour stops in Los Angeles, where sound problems abound. Despite reassurances, Madonna focuses on the technical problems and yells at her manager, Freddy DeMann, for allowing so many people from the music industry, who appeared bored by her performance, in the front rows. Though then-boyfriend Warren Beatty tries to console her, he is distracted by the cameras and walks away laughing. Madonna parties with several celebrities, including Dick Tracy co-stars Al Pacino and Mandy Patinkin, and Olivia Newton-John. Kevin Costner offends Madonna by calling her show "neat". Madonna pretends to gag after he leaves. Despite the lively atmosphere, Beatty still seems bothered by the cameras' presence.

During her stay in Washington, D.C., Madonna attends the premiere of Dick Tracy with Beatty, with whom she co-starred. In another voice-over, she describes a dream that she had the night before: Mikhail Gorbachev came to her show and she thought about how jealous Beatty would be that she met him first. She declares it "a good dream".

On the final night of the show in Toronto, Madonna is informed that plainclothes officers are prepared to arrest her if she performs the simulated masturbation scene at the end of "Like a Virgin". Madonna refuses to change her show, stating, "Last time I was on tour, Sean [Penn] was in jail. I guess it's my turn." Freddy DeMann bets that the threat of arrest will only make Madonna go further and no one takes his bet. According to a news report, Toronto police decide not to arrest the singer, claiming that no threats were made.

The Blond Ambition tour goes to Madonna's hometown of Detroit. In a voice-over, Madonna expresses the difficulty she has going back home, especially since fame seems to change one's loved ones. At the end of "Holiday", Madonna calls her father on stage and sings "Happy Birthday to You". Backstage, Tony and his wife, Joan, compliment Madonna (and Christopher) on the show, though Tony expresses his displeasure at some of the more "burlesque" aspects. Madonna and Christopher wait for their older brother, Martin, to show up while they discuss his substance abuse problems. By the time Martin arrives, Christopher has left and Madonna has gone to bed.

Madonna reunites with her "childhood idol", Moira McFarland-Messana. Moira gives Madonna a painting she made entitled "Madonna and Child", and asks Madonna to be the godmother to her unborn child. Before leaving Detroit, Madonna visits her mother's grave as "Promise to Try" plays in the background. It is the first time she has visited her mother's grave since she was a little girl. Madonna lies down beside her mother's grave as Christopher watches and Madonna whispers that, "I'm going to fit in right here. They're going to bury me sideways."

As the tour continues, Madonna's throat problems worsen while Beatty becomes more fed up with the cameras. During a throat examination in Madonna's hotel room, Beatty chastises her for the documentary, telling her the atmosphere is driving everyone insane. Madonna ignores Beatty, and when she declines to have the rest of her examination done off camera, Beatty starts laughing, saying, "She doesn't want to live off-camera, much less talk... What point is there of existing off-camera?"

Due to Madonna's throat problems she cancels some of her shows. In New York, Madonna's doctor instructs her not to talk and she finds herself isolated in her apartment with only her assistant, Melissa Crowe, as contact to the outside world. Everything seems to fall apart and she loses contact with the dancers. Star reports that Madonna dumped Beatty for one of her dancers, Oliver Crumes. The other dancers torment him and Madonna chastises them. Sharon Gault, a make-up artist, is drugged and sodomized while partying. In a prayer circle before the final show in New York, Madonna attempts to pull everyone back together.

The third leg of the tour kicks off in Europe with everyone in better spirits. Madonna and the dancers visit Chanel in Paris, fool around at Melissa's birthday party and imitate Madonna's 1984 "Like a Virgin" music video. As the tour nears Italy, the Pope attempts to have it banned, forcing Madonna to cancel two shows. Sandra Bernhard appears to cheer up Madonna. Sandra asks who would really blow her away if she could meet them and Madonna replies, "God, I think I've met everybody... oh, except that guy who's in all of Pedro Almodóvar's films—Antonio Banderas." When Almodóvar throws a party in Madrid and invites the future Evita co-stars, Madonna spends a week thinking up ways to seduce Banderas. It turns out that he is married, ending Madonna's two-year crush.

While Madonna works in her hotel room, voice-overs from her family, friends, and co-workers describe the star. Though she is happier now than she was on her last tour, Sandra Bernhard does not think that she takes enough time to enjoy her successes. Others describe her in unflattering terms. Luis Camacho says, "I just feel like she's a little girl lost in the storm sometimes. You know, there's just a whole whirlwind of things going on around her, and sometimes she gets caught up in it." As the tour winds down, the group plays a game of Truth or Dare? and Madonna is dared to perform Fellatio on a glass bottle. Madonna is asked, "Who has been the love of your life for your whole life??" Madonna replies without hesitation, "Sean. Sean." Madonna invites her dancers, and backup singers, one-by-one, to join her in bed, where she imparts words of wisdom to each.

While the show's closing act, "Keep It Together", plays, a montage of Madonna saying good-bye to her dancers is shown. The film ends with a clip of Madonna telling director Alek Keshishian to go away and, "Cut it, Alek! Cut it, Goddamnit!"


The title of the documentary is in reference to the party game Truth or Dare? Outside North America the documentary title was changed by Miramax Films to In Bed with Madonna, due to the game being relatively unknown in other countries. Madonna has commented in various interviews that she hates the title of In Bed with Madonna.[6] The original working title of the documentary was "Truth or Dare: On the Road, Behind the Scenes and In Bed with Madonna".

During the summer of 1990, Madonna hired director Alek Keshishian to film backstage and onstage footage of her Blond Ambition World Tour. The entire documentary is filmed in black-and-white, except for onstage sequences which are in full color. There are appearances from celebrities such as Al Pacino, Mandy Patinkin, Olivia Newton-John, Antonio Banderas, Sandra Bernhard, Kevin Costner, and Warren Beatty, whom she was dating at the time.

Concert video footage was shot at Bercy in Paris, France, in July 1990. In the "Express Yourself" concert sequence, Madonna says "All right, America! Do you believe in love?" This audio is overdubbed from a US date onto footage shot in Paris where she does not wear the ponytail as in the Japan and USA stops.

In popular media[edit]

To promote the just-released film, Madonna made a guest appearance in a pre-filmed segment on the May 11, 1991 episode of the sketch-comedy show Saturday Night Live.

During a Wayne's World sketch, Wayne (Mike Myers) and Garth (Dana Carvey) encounter a seductive Madonna lying on a bed in a hotel room during a dream fantasy sequence (filmed in black and white). After some back-and-forth banter, Wayne and Madonna play Truth or Dare. Wayne dares Madonna to make out with him. As they kiss, the music for her controversial 1990 video "Justify My Love" begins to play. Garth is then seen dancing in a parody of the video before being abducted by two women in fetish-wear outfits.

The parody, Medusa: Dare to Be Truthful, stars comedian Julie Brown as the title character, with Kathy Griffin and Donal Logue in supporting roles. Brown plays Medusa, a controlling, hyper-sexual blonde bombshell who has allowed a documentary crew to follow her on her "Blonde Leading the Blonde Tour". The film, originally produced as a one-hour Showtime television special, goes to great pains to recreate costumes, sets, and situations that occurred in the original documentary.

Rock group Medusa released the documentary "In Bed with Medusa" in 2013.[7] The film uses the same black and white style along with many further references as it simultaneously parodies the film and documents the early life of the band as they release 2 albums and hit the headlines in the UK.

In addition, the popular British television comedy programme French & Saunders did a highly regarded parody of the film with both stars playing Madonna in tandem, a unique concept, which was called "In Bed with French & Saunders". Madonna herself was widely reported to be delighted with the long skit, saying that when French & Saunders did a parody of anything, it was proof that it had "arrived".

In 2016, Strike a Pose, a documentary about the life and career of Madonna's dancers over 20 years after the Blond Ambition World Tour, was released. They look back on the impact of that tour and tour film on people's lives, and what was happening in the background on emotional levels.


On January 21, 1992, three of the Blond Ambition dancers, Oliver Crumes, Kevin Stea, and Gabriel Trupin, filed a lawsuit against Madonna. The suit claimed that the singer had invaded her dancers' privacy during the filming of Truth or Dare, as well as charging her with fraud and deceit, intentional misrepresentation, suppression of fact, and intentional infliction of emotional distress for displaying the men's private lives in the documentary.

In a commercial for MTV's Rock the Vote campaign later that year, Madonna joked about the lawsuit, saying, "You're probably thinking that's not a very good reason to vote... So sue me! Everybody else does." In October 1994, after more than two years of litigation, the suit was withdrawn and an undisclosed settlement was reached.[8]

Reactions on showing gay people[edit]

Madonna's dancers for the tour, who were almost all gay, and showed their homosexual identity in the tour film (encouraged by Madonna to be and 'express themselves'), received numerous comments, messages and letters from fans to whom this freedom meant a great deal as role models and inspiration to live their own sexual identity. This impact was mentioned in the 2016 documentary Strike a Pose.

During media interviews for Strike a Pose, a documentary about Madonna's dancers from the Blond Ambition tour, and featured in this film, Oliver Crumes frequently expressed regret for his homophobic comments in the film.[9][10][11] "I have come to see we are all human beings, who have emotions, hearts and feelings. The only thing that makes us different is our choice of different or same genders to love," he said in an interview with The Canadian Press, reading from a statement written with the help of his wife. He would repeat similar comments against violence towards people in the LGBTQ community in other interviews, and emphasize that his outlook has changed since the tour.

Video release[edit]

Madonna: Truth or Dare
Video by
ReleasedOctober 7, 1991
Length122 minutes
LabelLIVE Home Video
Madonna video chronology
Blond Ambition World Tour Live
Madonna: Truth or Dare
The Girlie Show: Live Down Under

The film was released on home video by LIVE Entertainment in North America on October 9, 1991.[12][13] Outside of North America it was released as In Bed with Madonna. In the UK an additional VHS "15" certificate, edited version was released in November 1991, to allow younger teenagers to watch it.[14] The packaging was slightly changed to a 'blue' format otherwise identical to the original. In 1992, it was re-released on VHS in the US with two additional live videos of "Like a Prayer" and "Hanky Panky", which played after the end credits.[15][16] The DVD version was released on August 26, 1997 by LIVE Entertainment in North America but did not get a worldwide DVD release until January 6, 2003 by MGM Entertainment.[17]

In March 2009, a new HD master of the film premiered on Palladia HD (MTV's new name). It included the new Miramax logo at the beginning of the film and a Warner Bros. Television logo at its closing.[18] The Blu-ray version of the film, along with a new DVD release, which is a reprint to the 1997 release, was released by Lionsgate in North America on April 3, 2012.[19] The typography for the new release was changed from the original design and is similar to the fashion brand and perfume, Truth or Dare by Madonna which was released at the same time.

Track listing[edit]

Main Program[12]
1."State of Shock"  
2."Express Yourself" 
3."Madonna as Backstage Mother"  
4."Oh Father" 
5."Phone Call to Dad"  
6."Warren Beatty"  
7."It Was Neat"  
8."He Loves Me, He Loves Me Not"  
9."Preshow Prayer"  
10."Like a Virgin" 
11."Hometown Detroit"  
12."Waiting for Martin"  
13."An Old Friend Visits"  
14."Promise to Try"  
15."Lost Voice in New York City"  
16."Tension as the Tour Continues"  
  • Curtis Hudson
  • Lisa Stevens
18."The Glamour of Europe"  
19."Live to Tell"
  • Madonna
  • Leonard
20."Sandra Bernhard"  
21."Antonio Banderas in Spain"  
23."Truth or Dare"  
24."Causing a Commotion"
  • Madonna
  • Bray
25."In Bed with Madonna"  
26."Family Affair"Sly Stone 
27."End Credits"  

Bonus Features


  • VHS (1991) – International release
  • In Bed with Madonna - VHS "15" certificate version (1991) – released only in the UK, running time was 114 minutes, edited to allow younger viewers to watch the film. Released by Video Collection International.
  • Laserdisc (1991) – released in the US
  • In Bed with Madonna - Laserdisc (1993) – released outside the US
  • VHS (1992) – re-released in the US with additional concert footage of "Like a Prayer" and "Hanky Panky" shown after the ending credits, duration is 133 minutes
  • DVD (1997) – released in North America only
  • In Bed with Madonna - VCD (1997) – released in Asian countries only
  • In Bed with Madonna - DVD (2003) – released worldwide outside the US and Canada, this was the first DVD release internationally by MGM Home Entertainment.
  • Blu-ray (2012) – released only in the US
  • Blu-ray + DVD combo (2012) – released only in Canada, contains both discs, DVD contains the same 1997 release
  • In Bed with Madonna - Blu-ray and DVD (2018), released in August 2018 to commemorate Madonna's 60th Birthday and released by MGM and Koch Media, exclusively in Germany


  1. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Truth or Dare". Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  4. ^ Wilson, John (2005). The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 0-446-69334-0.
  5. ^ "Madonna: Truth or Dare". Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  6. ^ Madonna (November 27, 2005). "Confessions of Madonna" (Interview). Interviewed by Dermot O'Leary. London: Channel 4. [...] as a kind of sequel to Truth or Dare or I think it was called In Bed with Madonna, which is a really naff title. It wasn't my idea.
  7. ^ [1] In Bed with Medusa (2013) IMDb Retrieved 2013-04-01
  8. ^ Courant Dancers Settle Suit Against Madonna, October 02, 1994
  9. ^ "Madonna: Truth or Dare - 01:40". Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  10. ^ "OLIVER CRUMES : 'THE TOUR TAUGHT ME TO APPRECIATE GAY PEOPLE'". squaremadonna. 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  11. ^ Friend, David (March 9, 2017). "Q&A: 'Strike a Pose' doc revisits Madonna's Blond Ambition tour dancers". Calgary Herald/The Canadian Press. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  12. ^ a b Madonna:Truth or Dare (Media notes). Madonna. LIVE Entertainment. 1991. 68976.CS1 maint: others (link)
  13. ^ "Laserdisc: Madonna - Truth or Dare (Widescreen Edition) [VHS] (Laserdisc) with Madonna (actor), Warren Beatty (actor) and Alek Keshishian (director)". 1991-10-09. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  14. ^ "Title « British Board of Film Classification". Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  15. ^ a b Madonna:Truth or Dare (Media notes). Madonna. LIVE Entertainment. 1991. 69021.CS1 maint: others (link)
  16. ^ "Music: Madonna - Truth or Dare (VHS) by Madonna (Artist)". 1992-07-15. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  17. ^ Goosey, Gareth. "Madonna - In Bed With Madonna DVD (1991)". Lovefilm. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  18. ^ "TV Schedule | High definition music television". Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  19. ^ "'Madonna: Truth or Dare' Blu-ray Dated and Detailed | High-Def Digest". 2012-02-01. Retrieved 2012-07-24.

External links[edit]