In Concert (WKRP in Cincinnati)
|WKRP in Cincinnati episode|
|Episode no.||Season 2|
|Directed by||Linda Day|
|Written by||Steve Kampmann|
|Original air date||February 11, 1980|
"In Concert" is a very special episode of the television series WKRP in Cincinnati. Airing as the 19th episode of the second season, it was first broadcast in the United States on February 11, 1980, and the concept for the episode was described as "admirably ambitious" by William Beamon, writing in the St. Petersburg Evening Independent before he had viewed the episode. The plot is set around the real-life The Who concert disaster in Cincinnati of December 3, 1979, set within the context of the show's fictional universe, and was written, taped and aired within 11 weeks of that deadly disaster.
The radio station promotes a concert by The Who, and employees prepare to attend the concert. Station employees are overcome with guilt after a push for seats by attending fans results in some fans being crushed to death. The next day they discuss the tragic events, the fallibility of festival seating, and the sorrow felt by both the staff and the people of Cincinnati.
The December 3, 1979, concert at the Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati was the 14th stop during The Who's 1979 world tour. Of the 18,348 tickets sold for the concert, 14,770 were for unassigned seats known as festival seating, obtained on a first-come, first-served basis. City officials had objected to the use of festival seating at the facility as early as October 1976.
Attendees arrived as much as six hours before the start of the concert to attempt to garner the best available seats, and a crowd had gathered by 3:00 p.m. ET. An hour before the start of the concert, "thousands were tightly packed around the entrance doors", and by 7:20 p.m. ET the crowd consisted of 8,000 people. Some members of the crowd rushed the gates on the plaza level on the west side of the Coliseum, crushing those at the front. The incident resulted in the death of 11 individuals by compressive asphyxia and injuries to 23. In a press conference after the concert, police lieutenant Dale Menkhaus stated that too few gate doors had been opened, and witnesses stated only one door had been opened at the main gate. Menkahus stated that the doors had been purposely kept closed because The Who had arrived late for a soundcheck. An emergency room supervisor stated that the victims had sustained "multiple contusions and hemorrhages".
The facility and its executives had received lawful orders from the city's fire chief as early as 1976 concerning event actions, such as "locking and barring of exit doors during performances, overcrowded conditions and the blocking of aisles". Executives were later charged for failure to comply with those lawful orders.
Security for a concert by The Who in Buffalo, New York the next night was doubled, and the band dedicated it to the victims. Two concerts scheduled at Riverfront Coliseum were postponed: that by Blue Öyster Cult on December 14, and that by Aerosmith on December 21.
On December 27, 1979, the Cincinnati municipal council enacted bylaws banning festival seating as a result of this event. The council and the Government of Ohio also passed laws involving crowd control. The cities of Indianapolis and Louisville prepared ordinances to ban festival seating.
Conception and development
Hugh Wilson, the show's producer, said he initially rejected the idea for the episode, but later accepted when writers told him that the incident happened in Cincinnati, in which the show is based, and involved rock and roll, the show's primary subject. The episode would focus on the fact that few cities in the United States addressed the issue of festival and unreserved seating after the incident.
Richard Sanders stated that the cast had a "hard time to get up for some of the comic parts of the show" because of the subject of the episode. He stated that the "whole cast had read the articles, everything we could get hold of, about the incident" and that it was a "hard week to get through". In an interview with WEBN, Sanders stated that the cast "had an objective in mind" so that "other cities will become conscious of the dangers" of festival seating.
The production team had requested from WCPO-TV (the CBS affiliate station in Cincinnati from 1961 to 1996) footage of a candlelight memorial service for the victims held at the Coliseum. The station's vice president Robert Gordon rejected the request stating "this incident is so sensitive that we don't wish to participate without greater control or knowledge of the end product".
Before being broadcast, CBS vice president of operations Donn O'Brien told Wilson that the episode would not include the ending with a printed crawl message listing all cities in the United States to enact bylaws or pass an ordinance banning festival and unreserved seating. Cincinnati was the only city listed.
- Hopkins 1990, p. 14B.
- Margulies 1980, p. 9C.
- Beamon 1980, p. 11B.
- The Daily Union Democrat 1980.
- Williamson Daily News 1980.
- Potts, Kimberly (28 October 2014). "When 'WKRP' Tackled The Who's Tragic Concert Stampede". Yahoo! TV. Yahoo!. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
In the somber second half, set at the WKRP offices the morning after the concert, shaken, guilt-stricken staffers would discuss the crowd tragedy and the ills of festival seating, while trying to figure out how to deal with the disastrous event they'd sponsored.
- Chertkoff & Kushigian 1999, p. 79.
- Krieger 1979, p. A1.
- The Cincinnati Enquirer: Stampede kills 11 persons at Coliseum rock concert 1979, p. 1.
- Chertkoff & Kushigian 1999, p. 80.
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- Rosen 1979, p. D1.
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- The Cincinnati Enquirer: Two cities moving to ban festival seating 1979.
- Dunphy, Dw (3 December 2014). "How 'WKRP in Cincinnati' Broke the Rules to Cover the Who's Concert Tragedy". Ultimate Classic Rock. Townsquare Media. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
Still, if the ‘In Concert’ episode stands for nothing else, it at least has the honor of saying this: 35 years ago when things got real, right in the backyard of its fictional setting, ‘WKRP in Cincinnati’ did not flinch.
- Madison Courier 1980, p. 2.
- The Ledger 1980, p. 6D.
- Sunday Times Sentinel 1980.
- Vorpahl 1980, p. 2 (Focus on Entertainment).
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- Hopkins, Tom (April 18, 1990). "New syndicated series to put WKRP back on the airwaves". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved 2013-11-21.
- Krieger, Dave (December 5, 1979). "'76 study recommended Coliseum reduce 'festival seating'". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company.
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- "Stampede kills 11 persons at Coliseum rock concert". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. December 4, 1979.
- "Two cities moving to ban festival seating". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. December 6, 1979.
- "TV tonight". The Daily Union Democrat (148). February 11, 1980.
- "TV show deals with tragedy at rock concert". The Ledger. Lakeland, Floridapublisher=Halifax Media Group. Associated Press. February 9, 1980.
- "'WKRP' plans show on Cincinnati deaths". Madison Courier. Associated Press. February 9, 1980.
- "Lawsuits settled in concert tragedy". Park City Daily News. News Publishing Company. Associated Press. August 24, 1983.
- "'WKRP' cast tries to make point". Sunday Times Sentinel. 15 (2). Associated Press. February 10, 1980.
- "'WKRP in Cincinnati' to air program on incident". Williamson Daily News. Associated Press. January 19, 1980.
- Johnson, Norris R. (October 1987). "Panic at "The Who Concert Stampede": An Empirical Assessment" (PDF). Social Problems. 34 (4): 362–373. doi:10.2307/800813.