In My Time of Dying

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"Jesus Make Up My Dying Bed"
Jesus Make Up My Dying Bed single cover.jpg
Blind Willie Johnson 1928 single
Single by Blind Willie Johnson
Released1928 (1928)
Format10-inch 78 rpm record
RecordedDallas, Texas, December 3, 1927
GenreGospel blues
Length3:12
LabelColumbia
Songwriter(s)Unknown

"In My Time of Dying" (also called "Jesus Make Up My Dying Bed" or a variation thereof) is a traditional gospel music song that has been recorded by numerous musicians. The title line, closing each stanza of the song, refers to a deathbed and was inspired by a passage in the Bible from Psalms 41:3 "The Lord will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing, thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness".[1]

Early versions[edit]

The lyrics "Jesus goin' a-make up my dyin' bed" appear in historian Robert Emmet Kennedy's Mellows – A Chronicle of Unknown Singers published in 1925, on Louisiana street performers, and also listed in the Cleveland Library's Index to Negro Spirituals.[2][3] The variation "He is a Dying-bed maker" appears in the song "When I's Dead and Gone" as transcribed in 1924 or 1925 in the south-east.[4] A close theme in English hymnary is found in Isaac Watts,[5] and many derivative hymnals. In October 1926, Reverend J. C. Burnett recorded "Jesus Is Going to Make Up Your Dying Bed", but it was never issued.[1] Blind Willie Johnson may have heard Burnett's song or otherwise learned some of his lyrics.[1]

Blind Willie Johnson recorded the song during his first recording session on December 3, 1927, as "Jesus Make Up My Dying Bed" and the second take was released as his first single in 1928, backed by "I Know His Blood Can Make Me Whole".[6] Johnson performed the song as a gospel blues with his vocal and slide guitar accompaniment, using an open D tuning with a capo resulting in a pitch of E.[1] An initial pressing of 9,400 records showed Columbia's confidence in the song, who normally released fewer records for major stars such as Bessie Smith.[1] A later pressing of 6,000 was very large for a debut and it was one of Johnson's most successful records.[1]

In 1928, Rev. B.J. Hill and the Jubilee Gospel Team recorded "Lower My Dying Head"[a] as a cappela song. In December 1929, Charlie Patton recorded a version with somewhat different lyrics as "Jesus Is A-Dying Bed Maker".[b] On August 15, 1933, Josh White recorded the song as "Jesus Gonna Make Up My Dying Bed".[c] White later recorded it between 1944 and 1946 as "In My Time of Dying", which inspired several popular versions.

In 1932, Martha Emmons published a nine-stanza, nine-refrains, version that she heard in Waco, Texas, under the title "Tone de Bell Easy".[7] Two years later John and Alan Lomax printed a composite with 11 stanzas and 9 refrains.[8]

Bob Dylan version[edit]

The song gained greater prominence in popular music when Bob Dylan included a version (along with several others dealing with the subject of death) on his 1962 eponymous debut album.[9] The song, closest to Josh White's version, had a slightly different name on the Dylan album, "In My Time of Dyin'".

According to the album liner notes:

Dylan had never sung 'In My Time of Dyin' ' prior to this recording session. He does not recall where he first heard it. The guitar is fretted with the lipstick holder [ makeshift slide ] he borrowed from his girl, Suze Rotolo, who sat devotedly and wide-eyed through the recording session.[10]

John Sebastian version[edit]

In 1977, John Sebastian recorded a rendition of the song, with the title "Well, Well, Well". It is the opening selection on his 1971 album The Four of Us[d] and was also issued as a single.[e] Sebastian's arrangement, also credited to Joshua White, is lyrically similar to Dylan's, but features an up-tempo blues-rock approach with no slide guitar. The musicians on this version, which was produced by Paul A. Rothchild, include Sebastian (guitar and vocal), Paul Harris (keyboards), Greg Reeves (bass), and Dallas Taylor (percussion).

Led Zeppelin version[edit]

"In My Time of Dying"
Song by Led Zeppelin
from the album Physical Graffiti
ReleasedFebruary 24, 1975 (1975-02-24)
Recorded1974
Studio
GenreBlues rock
Length11:08
LabelSwan Song
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)Jimmy Page

Led Zeppelin's "In My Time of Dying" was released on their sixth album Physical Graffiti. At 11 minutes and 6 seconds, it is the longest studio track by the group. It contains no long instrumental passages. The album credits list only the four members of Led Zeppelin as the song's authors.

For the recording, Jimmy Page uses an open A-chord tuning[11] and John Paul Jones plays a fretless bass. John Bonham's drums were recorded with a distinctive reverb effect, in the same manner as on the track "When the Levee Breaks" from Led Zeppelin's fourth album.[12] Record producer Rick Rubin has remarked on the song's structure, "The bass line in the fast grooves is so interesting and unexpected. It keeps shifting gears, over and over."[13]

Performances[edit]

Led Zeppelin performing "In My Time of Dying" live at Chicago Stadium, January 1975

Led Zeppelin performed "In My Time of Dying" during the 1975 and 1977 concert tours, where Robert Plant sarcastically dedicated the song to the British Labour Party's Chancellor of the Exchequer, Denis Healey, for the tax exile issues the band was facing.[14][15] Although performed in 1977, Plant initially was not keen on singing the song after suffering a near-fatal car crash in 1975, due to its fatalistic lyrical theme.[12] This was one of the few live songs where Page switched to his black and white Danelectro guitar, which he also used for "White Summer" and "Kashmir". One live version of "In My Time of Dying", from Led Zeppelin's performance at Earls Court on May 24, 1975, is featured on the Led Zeppelin DVD, and its promotional sampler on the Mothership compilation.

In 1993, when Page toured Japan with David Coverdale as Coverdale•Page, they performed the song on all seven of their dates. Page performed this song on his tour with the Black Crowes in 1999. A version of "In My Time of Dying" performed by Page and the Black Crowes is on the album Live at the Greek. Page also included the song as part of his solo Outrider tour. "In My Time of Dying" was performed at Led Zeppelin's reunion show at the O2 Arena, London on December 10, 2007.

Reception[edit]

In a retrospective review of Physical Graffiti (Deluxe Edition), Jon Hadusek of Consequence of Sound gave "In My Time of Dying" a positive review, calling the track one of Physical Graffiti's finest moments. Hadusek believed the track "descends into a droning blues that sounds exactly like its title."[16] In another retrospective review of Physical Graffiti (Deluxe Edition), Mark Richardson of Pitchfork described "In My Time of Dying" as Zeppelin's "ultimate blues deconstruction, mixing the open-chord slide of acoustic Delta blues with electric heaviness and extending the whole thing past 11 minutes."[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ QRS Records no. R7015
  2. ^ Paramount Records no. 12986-A
  3. ^ Banner Records no. 32859
  4. ^ Reprise Records no. MS 2041
  5. ^ Reprise Records no. 1050

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f Blakey 2007, eBook.
  2. ^ Kennedy 1925, p. 115.
  3. ^ Kennedy 1924.
  4. ^ Johnson 1926, p. 197.
  5. ^ Watts, Isaac (1760). "Hymns and Spiritual Songs". XXXI Christ's Presence Makes Death Easy.
  6. ^ Charters 1993, pp. 3, 16–17.
  7. ^ Emmons 1932, p. 55.
  8. ^ Lomax & Lomax 2013.
  9. ^ Shadwick 2005, p. 227.
  10. ^ Williams, Stacey (1962). Bob Dylan (Album notes). Bob Dylan. New York City: Columbia Records. p. 5. CK 8579.
  11. ^ Case 2007, eBook.
  12. ^ a b Lewis 1994.
  13. ^ "Fifty Artists Pick Their Personal Top 10s – Rick Rubin: Led Zeppelin". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 11, 2010.
  14. ^ Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Philippe (23 October 2018). "Led Zeppelin All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Track". Running Press. Retrieved 1 May 2019 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ Davis, Stephen (1 May 2019). "Hammer of the Gods: "Led Zeppelin" Unauthorised". Pan Macmillan. Retrieved 1 May 2019 – via Google Books.
  16. ^ Hadusek, Jon (February 19, 2015). "Led Zeppelin – Physical Graffiti (Reissue)". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved July 28, 2017.
  17. ^ Richardson, Mark (February 24, 2015). "Led Zeppelin: Led Zeppelin IV/Houses of the Holy/Physical Graffiti Album Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved July 28, 2017.

Sources