In Time

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In Time
Intimefairuse.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Andrew Niccol
Produced by
Written by Andrew Niccol
Starring
Music by Craig Armstrong
Cinematography Roger Deakins
Edited by Zach Staenberg
Production
company
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release date
  • October 28, 2011 (2011-10-28)
Running time
109 minutes[2]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $40 million[3]
Box office $174 million[4]

In Time is a 2011 American dystopian science fiction action thriller film written, directed, and produced by Andrew Niccol. Justin Timberlake, Amanda Seyfried and Cillian Murphy star as people in a society where people stop aging at 25. Instead, a new economic system uses time as currency, and each person has a clock on their arm that counts down how long they have to live. The film was released on October 28, 2011.

Plot[edit]

In 2169, people are genetically engineered to stop aging on their 25th birthday. Everyone then develops a countdown on their forearm set for a year. When the clock reaches zero, that person "times out", or dies. Time has thus become the universal currency, and can be transferred between people or within "time capsules". Two major areas exist within Ohio: Dayton, a poor manufacturing area, and Greenwich, which is called New Greenwich, where people have enough time to essentially be immortal.

Will Salas is a Dayton factory worker living with his mother Rachel. He rescues a drunken man named Henry Hamilton from an attempted robbery by a gang of time-robbing thugs led by Fortis. Hamilton reveals to Will that the people of New Greenwich hoard most of the time for themselves to live forever, while constantly increasing the cost of living keeps poorer people dying. The next morning, Hamilton transfers 116 years of his time to the sleeping Will, before timing out and falling off a bridge. Raymond Leon, leader of the police-like Timekeepers erroneously assumes that Will played a part in Hamilton's death.

Will visits his best friend Borel. Borel warns him that having so much time within Dayton will get him killed. Will gives Borel ten years in return for their years of friendship before meeting his mother to leave for New Greenwich. Rachel uses all but 90 minutes of her time to pay off a 2-day loan and finds herself short for a bus fare to get home. She urges the bus driver to lend her 30 minutes, but he refuses and advises her to run. She dies in Will's arms before he can lend her time.

In New Greenwich, Will visits a casino and meets time-loaning businessman Philippe Weis and his daughter Sylvia. While playing poker with Weis, Will comes dangerously close to timing out but eventually wins more than a millennium in a flawless gamble. Sylvia, impressed, invites him to a party in the Weis mansion. Will buys a new sports car and drives himself to the party. After a quick dance, down at their private beach Will tempts Sylvia into a nude moonlit dip in the waves (her first brush with danger). Once back indoors, Will is surprised by the Timekeepers, there to arrest him.

Dismissing Will's claim of innocence, Raymond confiscates all but two hours of his time. When asked why he is investigating a suicide, instead the Timekeeper insinuates he knew Will's father. Left with little choice, Will takes Sylvia as a hostage and drives back to Dayton. They are ambushed by Fortis' gang, crash the car and are left with 30 minutes each. Will attempts to get some time back from Borel, but his wife Greta tells him that he has drunk himself to death, blaming Will for the stupidity of his generosity. Sylvia pawns her diamond earrings for extra time, and Will calls Weis to demand a 1,000 year ransom (to be paid into the time-mission for the desperate). When Weis refuses to pay, Will releases Sylvia anyway. She calls Weis from a pay phone, but they are ambushed by Raymond, whom Sylvia shoots in the arm to protect Will. They steal his car, and Will gives Raymond enough time to survive.

Will and Sylvia team up and rob Weis' time banks, giving the extra time capsules to the needy. After a decade reward is offered for their capture, Fortis' gang tracks them down to a hotel room. Fortis challenges Will to a "time-duel", which Will wins through a trick used by his father. Will shoots the rest of the gang while they are distracted by Fortis' death. The pair soon realize they cannot steal enough time to significantly change anything, as New Greenwich simply raises prices on Daytoners.

They rob Weis' personal vault and obtain a one-million-year capsule. Raymond chases them back to Dayton but is too late to stop them from distributing the stolen time. After chasing them to the city's outskirts, Raymond reveals that he came from Dayton and intends to stop other Daytoners escaping. He realizes too late that he forgot to collect his daily time allotment and times out. Will and Sylvia, each with just over a minute to live, race to Raymond's patrol car. Will collects Raymond's daily share and runs back to Sylvia in a scene reminiscent of his mother's death. This time, he saves her when her clock only has seconds left.

TV reports show factories in Dayton shutting down as everyone has enough time and abandon their jobs to go to New Greenwich. Will and Sylvia continue robbing banks as part of their efforts to crash the system, while the rich attempt to cope with the sudden surge of people infiltrating their zone.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Before the film was titled In Time, the names Now and I'm.mortal were used.[5] On July 12, 2010, it was reported that Amanda Seyfried had been offered a lead role.[6] On July 27, 2010, it was confirmed that Justin Timberlake had been offered a lead role.[7] On August 9, 2010, Cillian Murphy was confirmed to have joined the cast.[8]

The first photos from the set were revealed on October 28, 2010.[9] 20th Century Fox and New Regency distributed the film, and Marc Abraham and Eric Newman's Strike Entertainment produced it.[10]

In an interview with Kristopher Tapley of In Contention, Roger Deakins stated that he would be shooting the film in digital, which makes this the first film to be shot in digital by the veteran cinematographer.[11]

The Dayton scenes were filmed primarily in the Skid Row and Boyle Heights neighborhoods of Los Angeles, while the New Greenwich scenes were filmed primarily in Century City, Bel Air, and Malibu. Although the names of the ghetto-like zone and wealthy enclave reflect Dayton and Greenwich, respectively, the maps used by the Timekeepers are maps of Los Angeles, CA.

Using the common device of Future-Retro, the production's vehicle suppliers assembled a fleet of cars and trucks from used car lots and junkyards. Although an ancient Citroën DS 21 and Cadillac Seville feature, center stage goes to a fleet of seemingly immaculate Dodge Challengers and Lincoln Continentals. The rich drive around in the high gloss Lincolns, all of which have been smoothed, lowered and fitted with oversized disc wheels on low profile rubber. The Dodges are the Time Keeper's cop cars. These too have been smoothed and externally customized, with grilles front and rear covering the lights, and low profile tires on disc wheels. In stark contrast to the Lincolns, paintwork is matte black. A slim police light-bar is fitted internally, behind the windshield. Externally this fleet looked immaculate but no money was spent on what would not be seen and many of the vehicles had wrecked interiors, with ripped seats, carpets and head-linings. Because the cars had been assembled from many sources and prepared to look identical, the interiors of most were of a color which did not match the black exteriors. The best of the Lincoln Continentals, for instance, whose interior is seen in the production, is trimmed out in blue.

The use of future retro is one of many elements that the film seems to share with Niccol's earlier work, Gattaca. The earlier work also features electrically powered vintage cars (notably a Rover P6 and again, a Citroën DS), as well as buildings of indeterminate age. Gattaca also deals with innate inequalities (though in its case genetic, rather than longevity) and the film's protagonist also seeks to cross the divide that his birthright is supposed to deny him. Similarly, he is pursued by law enforcement officers after being wrongly identified as having committed a murder.

Copyright lawsuit[edit]

On September 15, 2011, according to The Hollywood Reporter, a suit was filed by attorneys on behalf of speculative fiction writer Harlan Ellison that the film's plot was based on his 1965 short story "'Repent, Harlequin!' Said the Ticktockman".

The suit, naming New Regency, director Andrew Niccol, and a number of anonymous John Does, appears to base its claim on the similarity that both the completed film and Ellison's story concern a dystopian future in which people have a set amount of time to live which can be revoked, given certain pertaining circumstances by a recognized authority known as a Timekeeper. Initially, the suit demanded an injunction against the film's release;[12] however, Ellison later altered his suit to instead ask for screen credit[13] before ultimately dropping the suit, with both sides releasing the following joint statement: "After seeing the film In Time, Harlan Ellison decided to voluntarily dismiss the Action. No payment or screen credit was promised or given to Harlan Ellison. The parties wish each other well, and have no further comment on the matter."[14]

Similar works[edit]

Many of the elements of In Time can be found in the 1987 short film The Price of Life,[15] made by Chanticleer Films. Its basic premise and storyline are so similar that In Time has been called an unacknowledged remake of the earlier film.[16] The Price of Life was a 38-minute short film (story by Stephen Tolkin and Michel Monteaux) in which a time account is physically linked to every infant at birth, with death automatic when the balance drops to zero. An elite upper-class is portrayed as living hundreds of years or more. The protagonist is given a certain amount of time as an infant, and as a young boy adds days and years to his time account by buying valuables from people and selling them to visiting tourists from the rich enclave. After his sister dies after gambling away her time, the protagonist (now a young man) sets out on a journey to the enclave of "the Old Ones" in order to save the life of his mother, who is (literally) running out of time. He gets there and meets a beautiful older woman who co-opts him into the immortal lifestyle.

The movie Logan's Run (1976) depicts a city where everyone is destroyed when they reach the age of 30. The protagonists are Sandmen who hunt Runners trying to avoid destruction.[17]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 36% of 163 critics gave the film a positive review, with an average rating of 5.2 out of 10. The website's consensus reads, "In Time's intriguing premise and appealing cast are easily overpowered by the blunt, heavy-handed storytelling."[18] Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, gives the film a score of 53 based on 36 reviews.[19] CinemaScore polls reported that the average grade moviegoers gave the film was a "B-minus" on an A+ to F scale.[20] Roger Ebert gave the film a positive review with 3 stars out of 4, noting that the "premise is damnably intriguing", but "a great deal of this film has been assembled from standard elements".[21] Henry Barnes noted that Will is "one of the 99%" and calls the character "a Rolex Robin Hood".[22]

Box office[edit]

In Time grossed $12 million on its opening weekend, debuting at number three behind Puss in Boots, and Paranormal Activity 3. The film declined later on during its 14 weekend box office run. The film eventually grossed over $37.5 million in the US and $136.4 million internationally for a worldwide total of $173.9 million.[4]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "In Time (2011)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved April 16, 2018. 
  2. ^ "IN TIME (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. October 11, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  3. ^ Kaufman, Amy (October 27, 2011). "Movie Projector: 'Puss in Boots' to stomp on competition". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "In Time". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ Rich, Katey (November 1, 2010). "I'm.mortal Retitled Now, Adds Alex Pettyfer And Matt Bomer To Cast". Cinema Blend. GatewayBlend Entertainment. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  6. ^ Gallagher, Brian (July 12, 2010). "Amanda Seyfried Signs on to I'm.mortal". MovieWeb. Watchr Media. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  7. ^ Douglas, Edward (July 27, 2012). "Justin Timberlake Leading I'm.mortal?". ComingSoon.net. CraveOnline Media. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  8. ^ Gallagher, Brian (August 9, 2010). "Cillian Murphy to Star in I'm.mortal". MovieWeb. Watchr Media. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  9. ^ Coming Soon (October 28, 2010). "Timberlake and Seyfried Spotted Filming Their New Thriller". ComingSoon.net. CraveOnline Media. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  10. ^ Sneider, Jeff (August 9, 2010). "Justin Timberlake, Cillian Murphy in Talks to Join 'I'm.mortal". TheWrap. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  11. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (December 22, 2010). "TECH SUPPORT INTERVIEW: 'True Grit' cinematographer Roger Deakins". In Contention. Retrieved December 30, 2010. 
  12. ^ Gardner, Eriq (September 15, 2011). "Harlan Ellison Sues Claiming Fox's 'In Time' Rips Off Sci-Fi Story (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved June 25, 2018. 
  13. ^ Moore, Roger (August 26, 2014). "Ellison wants 'In Time' concessions — only asks for credit?". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on February 13, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  14. ^ O'Neill, Brian (December 1, 2011). "Ellison drops lawsuit after watching In Time". Sci-Fi Storm. Retrieved June 25, 2018. 
  15. ^ jolipere (October 27, 2010). The Price of Life. Vimeo. Retrieved June 25, 2018. 
  16. ^ Bryan, Steven (October 25, 2011). "Does 'In Time' Owe a Debt to 'American Playhouse's' 'The Price of Life'?". Yahoo! Movies. Yahoo!. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  17. ^ Volkman, Eric (October 27, 2011). "In Time (2011) -vs- Logan's Run (1976)". Movie Smackdown. Stellar Productions. Archived from the original on November 4, 2011. 
  18. ^ "In Time (2011)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved June 25, 2018. 
  19. ^ "In Time Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  20. ^ Finke, Nikki (October 30, 2011). "Snow Ices Box Office: 'Puss In Boots' #1, 'Paranormal' #2, 'In Time' #3, 'Rum Diary' #4". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  21. ^ Ebert, Roger. "In Time". RogerEbert.com. Ebert Digital LLC. Retrieved June 25, 2018. 
  22. ^ Barnes, Henry (November 4, 2011). "In Time – review". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved June 25, 2018. 

External links[edit]