In natura

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In natura (Latin for "in Nature") is a phrase to describe conditions present in a non-laboratory environment, to differentiate it from in vivo (experiments on live organisms in a lab) and ex vivo (experiments on cultivated cells isolated from multicellular organisms) conditions.,[1][2][3]

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  1. ^ Quintana-Murci, L.; Alcaïs, A.; Abel, L.; Casanova, J. L. (2007). "Immunology in natura: Clinical, epidemiological and evolutionary genetics of infectious diseases". Nature Immunology. 8 (11): 1165–1171. doi:10.1038/ni1535. PMID 17952041.
  2. ^ Carvalho, A. L. N.; Annoni, R.; Silva, P. R. P.; Borelli, P.; Fock, R. A.; Trevisan, M. T. S.; Mauad, T. (2011). "Acute, subacute toxicity and mutagenic effects of anacardic acids from cashew (Anacardium occidentale Linn.) in mice". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 135 (3): 730–6. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.04.002. PMID 21511024.
  3. ^ Legrand, A.; Fukui, M.; Cruchet, P.; Yasumoto, T. (1992). "Progress on chemical knowledge of ciguatoxins". Bulletin de la Societe de pathologie exotique (1990). 85 (5 Pt 2): 467–469. PMID 1340346.