In re

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In re, Latin for "in the matter [of]", is a term with several different, but related meanings.


In jurisprudence, in re is used to indicate that a judicial proceeding may not have formally designated adverse parties or is otherwise uncontested. The term is commonly used in case citations of probate and bankruptcy proceedings, such as the General Motors Chapter 11 reorganization. It is sometimes used for consolidated cases, as with In re Marriage Cases. It was adopted by certain U.S. states like California when they adopted no-fault divorce to reflect the fact that the modern proceeding for dissolution of marriage was being taken out of the adversarial system. It is also used in juvenile courts, as, for instance, In re Gault. The Bluebook describes In re as a "procedural phrase", and requires using it to abbreviate "in the matter of", "petition of", "application of", and similar expressions.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Case Names 10.2". Bluebook (19th ed.). Columbia Law Review; Harvard Law Review; University of Pennsylvania Law Review; Yale Law Journal. ISBN 9780615361161.

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of in re at Wiktionary