October 15, 1893
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Died||February 21, 1985
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Mount Olivet Cemetery|
|Years active||1909–1954 (stage)
|Spouse(s)||James Whittaker (1919-1925)
John Gilbert (1929-1931)
William R. Wallace (1939-1976) (his death)
Ina Claire (October 15, 1893 – February 21, 1985) was an American stage and film actress.
Life and career
Claire was born Ina Fagan in 1893 in Washington, D.C. After the death of her father, Claire began doing imitations of fellow boarders in the boarding house where she and her mother were forced to live. Claire's mother took her out of school in the eighth grade, and she used her mother's maiden name when she began her career appearing in vaudeville. In 1909, she appeared in a vaudeville act entitled "Dainty Mimic", which include an imitation of actor Harry Lauder. A booking agent described this act as "one of the best single Acts" he had seen that season and remarked that "She possesses a great deal of magnatism [sic] and is a big hit."
She performed on Broadway in the musicals Jumping Jupiter and The Quaker Girl (both 1911) and Lady Luxury, and starred on Broadway in plays by some of the leading comic dramatists of the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, including the roles of Jerry Lamarr in Avery Hopwood's The Gold Diggers (1919), Mrs. Cheyney in Frederick Lonsdale's The Last of Mrs. Cheyney (1925), Lady George Grayston in W. Somerset Maugham's Our Betters (1928), and Enid Fuller in George Kelly's Fatal Weakness. Between 1929 and 1931, she was married to screen actor John Gilbert, her second husband.
Claire later became identified with the high comedies of S. N. Behrman, and created the female leads in three of his plays: Biography (1934), End of Summer (1936), and The Talley Method (1941). Behrman wrote of Claire's performance in one of Behrman's comedies: "Her readings were translucent, her stage presence encompassing. The flick of an intonation deflated pomposity. She never missed a nuance." Critic J. Brooks Atkinson praised Claire for her "refulgent comic intelligence". Her last stage appearance was as Lady Elizabeth Mulhammer in T. S. Eliot's The Confidential Clerk (1954).
She made her film debut in Cecil B. DeMille's The Wild Goose Chase (1915), but she is best remembered for her role as the Grand Duchess in the romantic comedy Ninotchka (1939), directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring Greta Garbo.
Ina Claire died on February 21, 1985, in San Francisco, California, following a heart attack. She was 91 years old. She is buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery located in Salt Lake City. She was an inductee in the American Theater Hall of Fame and has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- The Wild Goose Chase (1915)
- The Puppet Crown (1915)
- National Red Cross Pageant (1917)
- Polly with a Past (1920)
- The Awful Truth (1929)
- The Royal Family of Broadway (1930)
- Rebound (1931)
- Three Broadway Girls (1932)
- The Greeks Had a Word for Them (1932)
- Ninotchka (1939)
- Claudia (1943)
- Born in 1893, not 1892 as per the Social Security Death Index under the name INA CLAIRE and her gravestone
- Flint, Peter B. "INA CLAIRE, 92, WHO BROUGHT COMIC ARTISTRY TO STAGE ROLES". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Ohio State University, Theater Research Institute, Scrapbook #172, n.p.
- S. N. Behrman, People in a Diary (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1972), 196.
- J. Brooks Atkinson, "Americans Stopping in London", The New York Times, February 21, 1928, p. 18
- "Progressive Silent Film List: The Wild Goose Chase". Silent Era. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
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