Inagh and Kilnamona
|Inagh and Kilnamona
Eidhneach Cill na Móna
Old church at Kilnomona
|Time zone||WET (UTC+0)|
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The parish covers an area of County Clare extending to the west of Ennis. Inagh is 6 miles (9.7 km) south-east of Ennistymon. An 1845 description said of the parish, "The surface is, for the most part,a series of moors, bogs, and poor uplands; and its aspect is almost everywhere bleak and repulsive. Slievecallan, on the western boundary, has an altitude of 1,282 feet; and some heights in the interior have altitudes of very nearly 500 feet. The chief stream is the Brockagh."
History and Antiquities
Inagh and Kilnamona were originally separate parishes. By 1845 they were united, with chapels in both villages.
The original church of Eidnach was said to have been built by Mac Creiche in his old age, around 580. The chapel at Inagh, called in Irish Teampul-duv-na-h’Eidhnighe, does not seem to have had a patron saint. A chapel dated from the 15th century. Fragments of the “Teampul na glas aighne” remained in 1839, but were later demolished.
Before the present church of Inagh was built there was a long, low "mass house" in the townland of Knockahaurin. The floor was used for threshing during the harvest. The present church was built in 1842. Stones from the old mass house and slates from the Killaloe quarries were used for the walls, and the roof was thatched. The church was dedicated in 1869 by Bishop Power. The high altar was installed in 1895 and the Stations of the Cross in 1905. The stained glass window behind the altar dates to 1910. The church was renovated in 1932, with a new roof, floor and altar rails, and the holy water font taken from the ruins of the old chapel.
The name "Kilnamona" means Church of the Bog. In the early Christian era, around 600 AD, the parish tribe was known as Cineal Baoith. Their patron saint was Saint Lachtain. He was from the Cork/Limerick area and it is assumed the tribe migrated from there. In 1603 the bronze arm of Saint Lachtain had to be removed to Kerry by a Franciscan for safe keeping. It is now preserved in the Royal Irish Academy.
The old church of Kilnamona is now ruined, although as of 1839 its walls were well preserved. The church is 62.5 by 21 feet (19.1 by 6.4 m). In the south wall, 17 feet (5.2 m) from the west gable, half of a pointed doorway remained. It was 6.3 feet (1.9 m) high and 3.75 feet (1.14 m) wide. The same wall held a semi-circular window with holes in the sides to hold cross iron bars. The east gable had a window about 11 feet (3.4 m) high and 7.25 feet (2.21 m) wide inside, tapering to 8.7 feet (2.7 m) high by 1.25 feet (0.38 m) wide on the outside. The walls are about 14 feet (4.3 m) feet high, 3.2 feet (0.98 m) thick and built of stones of different sizes in irregular courses.
A large cemetery is attached to the old church of Kilnamona. There is a holy well named Tobar Lachtin a small distance to the south, which was believed to have the power to cure various ailments, The well is dedicated to Saint Lachtain, whose festival is held on 19 March. There is another holy well named Tobar-na-Taise (Well of the Relic) a little way to the southwest, coffin shaped. This was thought to have the power to restore the health of delicate children if they were laid on their back in the well.
The present church of Kilnamona was built in the 19th century. Patrick Keane of Deniliquin, New South Wales, Australia, was born in Kilnamona in 1831. He donated the three paneled stained glass window depicting the Blessed Virgin, Sacred Heart and Saint Patrick, over the main altar in memory of his parents and siblings. In 2008 a sculpted bronze plaque was erected to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Brother Thomas Keane. Brother Keane was a native of Kilnamona who wrote (in his beloved Irish language) the first major textbook in Ireland for the new Higher Level Mathematics introduced into the Leaving Certificate Curriculum in the mid-1960s.
The Catholic parish of Inagh and Kilnamona is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Killaloe. The parish office is in the village of Inagh. Churches are the Immaculate Conception in Inagh, St Joseph's in Kilnamona and the Oratory of The Blessed Mary Ever Virgin in Cloonanaha. The parish is home to the Inagh Kilnamona GAA, a Gaelic Athletic Association club.
- Inagh and Kilnamona, Map.
- Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland, Inagh Parish.
- Westropp 1900.
- Frost 1893, pp. 135-136.
- Hegarty 2014.
- MacMathúna 1965.
- O'Donovan & Curry 1839.
- Australian migrations.
- Keane 2008.
- Clare: Mathematician honoured in Kilnamona.
- Inagh and Kilnamona, Churches.
- Eidhneach-Cill na Mona, Clare GAA.
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- "Clare: Mathematician honoured in Kilnamona". The Irish Emigrant. 28 August 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Eidhneach-Cill na Mona (Inagh Kilnamona)". Clare GAA. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
- Frost, James (1893). The History and Topography of the County of Clare. Dublin.
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- "Inagh and Kilnamona, Churches". Diocese of Killaloe. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
- "Inagh and Kilnamona, Map". Diocese of Killaloe. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
- Keane, Thomas Munchin (17 July 2008). "Centenary Celebrations 1908 - 2008". Indigo.ie. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- MacMathúna, Séamus (1965). "'History of the Parish of Inagh and Kilnamona". Ennis:Clare Champion.
- O'Donovan, John; Curry, Eugene (1839). "Parish of Killnamona". Ordnance Survey Letters. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
- "Inagh Parish". Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland. 1845. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Westropp, Thomas Johnson (1900). "Barony of Inchiquin". The Churches of County Clare. Retrieved 2014-03-30.