Inauguration of Gerald Ford
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The swearing in of President Gerald Ford by Supreme Court Chief Justice Warren Burger
|Date||August 9, 1974|
East Room, White House
|Participants||President of the United States, Gerald Ford
The inauguration of Gerald Ford as the 38th President of the United States took place in the East Room of the White House on August 9, 1974. It was the most recent non-scheduled presidential inauguration in American history, and marked the commencement of the 895-day-long presidency of Gerald Ford, following the resignation of President Richard Nixon. Ford had become Vice President on December 6, 1973, after the resignation of Spiro Agnew, and as such is the only person to have held both the office of Vice President and President without having been elected by the Electoral College to either. The selection of Gerald Ford as Vice President was the first implementation of the 25th Amendment.
In a televised Oval Office speech on August 8, 1974, Richard Nixon announced to the nation that he would resign the Presidency of the United States "effective at noon tomorrow [August 9]." At 9:00 am on August 9, Nixon gave a farewell talk to an East Room assembly of White House staff and selected dignitaries, including the Cabinet and Vice President Ford. It was an emotional event, with President Nixon nearly breaking down a number of times. When it was finished, Vice President Ford escorted the President and First Lady to an Army helicopter, where the President waved his famous "v-sign" before flying off to Air Force One and a flight to "exile" in California. The nuclear codes were left in the care of the Vice President.
Nixon's resignation was tendered to United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger at 11:35 am. At that moment, Ford became the 38th President of the United States, although he took the official oath of office at 12:05 pm. Once the former President (and now private citizen) Nixon left the building, the White House staff began preparations for Ford's swearing in. More chairs were added for the much larger crowd of invited guests than was at the farewell. The oath was administered to Ford by Chief Justice Warren Burger in the White House East Room. Chief Justice Burger was traveling in the Netherlands at the time, and was flown back to Washington on an Air Force plane. The first phone call that President Ford, a former center on the University of Michigan football team, made after his inauguration was on Saturday, August 10, 1974, to Ohio State University football coach Woody Hayes, who had just recently suffered a heart attack.
Remarks upon swearing-in
I am acutely aware that you have not elected me as your President by your ballots, and so I ask you to confirm me as your President with your prayers. And I hope that such prayers will also be the first of many... If you have not chosen me by secret ballot, neither have I gained office by any secret promises. I have not campaigned either for the Presidency or the Vice Presidency. I have not subscribed to any partisan platform. I am indebted to no man, and only to one woman—my dear wife, Betty—as I begin this very difficult job... My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over... Our Constitution works; our great Republic is a government of laws and not of men. Here the people rule. But there is a higher Power, by whatever name we honor Him, who ordains not only righteousness but love, not only justice but mercy.
Immediately after the 850 word address was over, Ford introduced his new press secretary, Jerald terHorst to the press corps, and met with the Cabinet. Ford asked Henry Kissinger to stay on as Secretary of State in the new Administration. Later that day, Ford met with ambassadors of the NATO nations.
References in popular culture
The May 20, 2015 series finale of the Late Show with David Letterman, which had 13.7 million viewers and marked Letterman's retirement from television after thirty-three years, was introduced by archival footage of President Gerald Ford and pre-recorded cameos of former Presidents George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and incumbent Barack Obama all saying, "our long national nightmare is over."
- Architect of the Capitol (n.d.). "Presidential Oaths of Office". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- "Twenty-Fifth Amendment". U.S. Constitution – via FindLaw.
- United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing (2007). Memorial Services in the Congress of the United States and Tributes in Eulogy of Gerald R. Ford, Late a President of the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 35. ISBN 9780160797620.
- Nixon, Richard (August 8, 1974). "President Nixon's Resignation Speech" – via PBS.
- Cannon, James (1993). Time and Chance: Gerald R. Ford's Appointment with History. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08482-8.
- "Old Michigan Man Rings Up Woody". The Washington Post. August 23, 1974. p. D3.
- Ford, Gerald (August 9, 1974). "Swearing-in Ceremony" (PDF). President’s Speeches and Statements. Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- "David Letterman's final Late Show: Recap Here". CBC News. May 21, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "David Letterman's Emotional Farewell". CNN Money. May 21, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- on YouTube