Inauguration of Herbert Hoover
|Date||March 4, 1929|
United States Capitol
|Participants||President Herbert Hoover
Vice President Charles Curtis
The inauguration of Herbert Hoover as the 31st President of the United States was held on March 4, 1929, at the east portico of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.. The inauguration marked the commencement of the only four-year term of Herbert Hoover as President and of Charles Curtis as Vice President. Chief Justice and former President William H. Taft administered the presidential oath of office to Hoover. This was the first time a Presidential inauguration to be recorded by sound newsreels. It was also the second (and most recent) time that a former president administered the oath of office to a new President.
The United States Constitution gives the President the option of either swearing the oath or affirming it. Hoover is often listed as having used "affirm" due to being a Quaker, but the newsreel taken of the ceremony indicates that the words used were "solemnly swear." Franklin Pierce was the only president known to use the word "affirm" rather than "swear."
In administering the oath, Taft erroneously recited the phrase "preserve, protect and defend" as "preserve, maintain and defend". Helen Terwilliger, a 13-year-old eighth-grade student in Walden, New York, caught the error and wrote to the Chief Justice to tell him. Taft conceded that he had made an error, attributing it to "the defect of an old man's memory", but asserted that he had made a different error, misquoting the words as "preserve, maintain and protect". Terwilliger did not back down from her claim; the Fox Film Corporation, Pathe News and Paramount News, the companies who had prepared newsreels of the inauguration, examined their recordings and jointly confirmed Terwilliger's account.
- The Inauguration of President Herbert Clark Hoover, 1929, U.S. Senate website.
- Bendat, Jim (2012). Democracy's Big Day: The Inauguration of Our President, 1789-2013. iUniverse. pp. xi, 28, 36. ISBN 978-1-935278-47-4.
- Bendat, Jim (2012). Democracy's Big Day: The Inauguration of Our President. iUniverse. pp. 36–37. ISBN 9781935278481.
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