Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome
|Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome|
|Directed by||Kenneth Anger|
Samson De Brier|
|Music by||Leoš Janáček (Glagolitic Mass) (1954 and 1966 versions); Jeff Lynne (Eldorado by Electric Light Orchestra) (1978 version)|
|Distributed by||Mystic Fire Video (DVD)|
|38 mins (original version, two other versions exist)|
Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome is a 38-minute short film by Kenneth Anger, filmed in 1954. Anger created two other versions of this film in 1966 and the late 1970s. According to him, the film takes the name "pleasure dome" from Samuel Taylor Coleridge's atmospheric poem "Kubla Khan". Anger was inspired to make the film after attending a Halloween party called "Come as your Madness". The film has gained cult film status.
Earlier prints of the film had sequences that were meant to be projected on three different screens, an idea inspired in part by Abel Gance's Napoléon (1927 film). The three-screen version was shown at the Brussels World's Fair. Anger subsequently re-edited the film to layer the images. The film (primarily in the second or third version) was often shown in American universities and art galleries during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.
The original edition soundtrack is a complete performance of Glagolitic Mass by the Czech composer Leoš Janáček (1854–1928). In 1966, a re-edited version known as 'The Sacred Mushroom Edition' was made available. In the late 1970s, a third revision was made, which was 'The Sacred Mushroom Edition' re-edited to fit the Electric Light Orchestra album Eldorado, omitting only "Illusions in G Major", a blues-rock tune that Anger felt did not fit the mood of the film.
The differences in the visuals of the 1954 original and the two revisions are minor. An early version—shown only once on German television in the early 1980s, and held to this day by NDR—includes an additional three minutes at the beginning, including a reading of the poem "Kubla Khan" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
The film reflects Anger's deep interest in Thelema, the philosophy of Aleister Crowley and his followers, as indicated by Cameron's role as "The Scarlet Woman" (an honorific Crowley bestowed on certain of his important magical partners). Crowley's concept of of a ritual masquerade party where attendees dress as gods and goddesses served as a direct inspiration for the film.
The film uses some footage of the Hell sequence from the 1911 Italian silent film L'Inferno. Near the end, scenes from Anger's earlier film Puce Moment are interpolated into the layered images and faces.
- Samson De Brier as Shiva, Osiris, Nero, Alessandro Cagliostro, and Aleister Crowley (credited as "The Great Beast 666")
- Marjorie Cameron as The Scarlet Woman and Kali
- Joan Whitney as Aphrodite
- Katy Kadell as Isis
- Renate Druks as Lilith
- Anaïs Nin as Astarte
- Curtis Harrington as Cesare the sleepwalker
- Kenneth Anger as Hecate
- Paul Mathison as Pan
- Peter Loome as Ganymede
- "Classics of the Avant-Garde, Introduced by Jean-Claude Lebensztejn: Films by Kenneth Anger". University of California Berkeley Art Museum Pacific Film Archive. UC Regents. 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
- Pratt, Doug (2007-02-01). "The Films of Kenneth Anger Vol. One". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 2008-04-10.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- MacDonald, Scott (2006). A Critical Cinema 5: Interviews with Independent Filmmakers. University of California Press. p. 33. ISBN 0520939085.
- Weinel, Jonathan (2018). Inner Sound: Altered States of Consciousness in Electronic Music and Audio-Visual Media. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 136. ISBN 0190671211.
- Sitney, P. Adams (2002). Visionary Film: The American Avant-Garde, 1943-2000 (3 ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 100-1. ISBN 0199727015.
- Curtis, Davida (1972). Experimental Film. New York: Dell Books/Delta.
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