Incheon Chinatown

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Incheon chinatown
Incheon chinatown
Founder People's Solidarity for Participatory Democracy

Bold text Incheon's Chinatown is Korea's only official Chinatown.[citation needed] It is in Jung-gu ward and was formed in 1884. It used to be the largest such Chinatown in South Korea before the exodus of Chinese from the country.

In 2002, to capitalize on the large number of Mainland Chinese visitors who visiting South Korea, the Incheon city council planned to revive its moribund Chinatown at a cost of US$6.2 million (6.5 billion South Korean won).[citation needed] It claims to be the largest Chinatown in South Korea, and features an 11-metre high Chinese-style gateway, or paifang.

As of 2007 few ethnic Chinese live in the Incheon Chinatown.[1]

there are a Chinese middle school and An elementary school in Incheon Chinatown.

Buildings in Chinatown, Incheon


It was the Im-O Military Revolt when Qing Dynasty people started coming in large numbers in the end of Joseon. AS the situation of Joseon is rapidly changing after the Im-O Military Revolt occures, Although joseon didn't official request, Qing Dynasty troops the naval forces of 吳長慶. [2] 40 dealers came along with over 4,500 people militart that 吳長慶 conduct, they started a business in Yongsan. [3] Although the Chinese stayed frequently in joseon from earlier, this Case was beginning of a long-term residence. [4] After 江華島條約 in 1876, Jemulpo was selected as candidates of the opening. but, It took six years to be selected as the actual opening. Joseon is reluctant to come open port in right side of seoul, and Japen is also busy searching other candidates.[5] Jemulpo was selected as open port because of Jemulpo treaty in 1882

and Japen, Qing, Western powers had come Jemulpo.

Incheon Chinatown street name will change to China's well-known street or city names. Incheon city plans to create a theme street named after the Chinese city names in Chinatown.[6] Incheon city has decided to use the major cities and famous street names in street names such as Chinese capital ‘Beijing’, Shanghai maximum bustling ‘Nanjing'.[7]

Overseas Chinese history[edit]

  • What is overseas Chinese?  : Chinese history had migrated to foreign countries are in thousands. But formally 「 華僑 」 has used since about 100 years. A Chinese school is officially set up in Yokohama, Japan in 1898 and the Chinese school has existed until now. Also, According to exchanged documents of ancient Qing Dynasty and Chosun Dynasty each other, the name of overseas Chinese is not fixed such as 淸朝人, 華人, 淸商. After, there is the word "Overseas Chinese" in documents that the Qing dynasty 農工商部 created. And, 華僑 means that 華 is Chinese, 僑 is Dwell for a while. In other words, all the Chinese people residing in foreign territory refers to "華僑". According to the Constitution of the Qing Dynasty in 1909 and Constitution of the Republic of China in 1929, "All the people who have Chinese nationality while living in a foreign country are called the overseas Chinese."[8]
  • Beginning of Korea overseas Chinese : Currently, It doesn’t affirm because accurate record is not remain. According to the remaining records, when the Im-O Military Revolt occurred in 1882, The fact that Overseas Chinese immigrants in Korea is written and all group activities also seem to begin From this time. In Gojong 19 years (1882) June 9 , Japan happened the Im-O Military Revolt in Chosun. Then, The Qing dynasty detaches Ojanggyeong(吳長慶) and 3000 troops to assist chosun. Number of images came to Korea with cheonggun at the time was about 40 people. Given the record, this 40 people seems to be called the beginning of the Korea Overseas Chinese. This people originally come for helping Qing dynasty living in Korea. Then, As Qing dynasty lives longer in Korea, more and more they exchange with Korean. After Qing dynasty lived for a month in 1882, Chinese contracted ‘商民水陸貿易章程’, and Formally they signed trade relations between Korea and Chinese. After 12 years, At November in 1894 Two nation enacts ‘淸商保護規則’. it was then that was settlement of Overseas Chinese . Since 1882, some Overseas Chinese that lived in Japan Port City crossed to Chosun along Japanese. and They settled in Busan. In 1884, Number of Overseas Chinese living in metropolis of Korea was significantly increase. So, Number of the most many school of Seoul was about 350, This is roughly four times more. Incheon was also increase to 235, that’s why between Shandong Peninsula and port of Incheon is regularly operated the ship.
  • Growth of Korea overseas Chinese
  • Slowdown and mobile of Korea overseas Chinese
  • Reform of Korea overseas Chinese
  • present condition of Korea overseas Chinese
  • A school for overseas Chinese


  • Sweet and sour pork : Chinese food that pouring starchy vegetables sauce boiled sweet and sour to meat fried
  • Assorted Seafood and Vegetables with Mustard Sauce (Gyeojachae) : Gyeojachae is a fresh salad dish made of vegetables, the Korean pear, chestnuts and sliced pressed meat in a mustard dressing.
  • Noodles with Black Soybean Sauce(Jajangmyeon) : Jajangmyeon , a Korean Chinese cuisine, is a noodle dish topped with a thick sauce made of chunjang (a salty black soybean paste when unheated), diced pork and vegetables, and sometimes also seafood. Jajang (alternately spelled jjajang), the name of the sauce when heated, is the Korean pronunciation of the Chinese characters 炸醬, which literally means "fried sauce." Myeon (also spelled myun) means "noodle", which is represented by the Chinese character 麵.
  • fortune cookie:Fortune cookie is snack for dessert in china restaurant by America, Europe and so on
  • Mooncake: mooncake is a kind of chinese snack. generally, even though mooncake is circle and flat shape, it has different in ingredient every china region.
  • Gongal Bread (Pita Bread) : Chinese bread. It is called Chinese pancake. Inside is empty and the outer part only is inflately baked Chinese bread.

Place to buy[edit]

  • Chipao : China's traditional costume. A0ll men and women can wear this costume but, usually, it refers to a woman dress.
  • Antique pottery : China tea and pottery was Westerners favorite things from thousands of years ago
  • Traditional tea : Like our country, traditional tea discriminates Such as green tea, red tea, flowers tea, etc.
  • Jewelry and accessories
  • Tea cup set


Attraction related to China[edit]

  • A school for overseas Chinese : ructure Buildings constructed in 1934 in the present position that there was Qing Dynasty setting up Jogyeji in Incheon in 1884.
  • The coast of Catholicism: The coast of Catholicism was originally home. currently, it is using education place of the Catholic Church.
  • 韓中園 shelter
  • Korea and China cultural Center : cultural center built in 2005 is place where it is a central role of history and cultural exchanges between Korea and China.
  • Hongyemun
  • Samgukji Mural Street : The walls on both sides of the road are decorated with murals and tiles produced with the explanation of important scenes of History of Three States.

Anyone who read History of Three States can explain to other people as drawing that has more an 80 films. It is loved by many people.

  • Chinese Village Culture Experience : As utilizing existing Chinatown, it is not only solve tourism, education, experience but also learn Chinese language through various performances and events throughout the year.

Attraction related to Japan[edit]

  • Old)the Japanese consulate general
  • Old)japen banks

Nearby tourist resort[edit]

  • Freedom Park
  • Wolmido Island
  • Sinpo Market
  • Dapdong Catholic Church


  1. ^ Onishi, Norimitsu. "South Korea's Main Chinatown Lacks Only the Chinese." The New York Times. March 2, 2007. Retrieved on March 8, 2015.
  2. ^ Yang, seuk (2009). <짜장면뎐>. phronesis. p. 122. ISBN 978-89-01-09300-0. 
  3. ^ "재한화교의 비조(鼻祖) 오장경 제독을 아시나요". Hankyoreh 21. 2012년 3월 5일.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ Yang, seuk (2009). <짜장면뎐>. phronesis. p. 122. ISBN 978-89-01-09300-0. 
  5. ^ Na, Chaehoon (2006). <인천개항사>. 미래지식. p. 76. ISBN 8991359426. 
  6. ^ "Incheon Chinatown will make "Beijing Street"". Hankyoreh. 2015.10.13.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ "Incheon chinatown create theme street named after china city name". Gyeonggi News. 2015.10.13.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  8. ^ "official information about chinatown". 인천차이나타운(Incheon Chinatown). 

Further reading[edit]

  • Yi Jung-hee. A Country Without a Chinatown, Joseon Ilbo, 2000
  • Yang Phil-seoung. 2004. A country without a Chinatown: Yesterday and Today in the Overseas Chinese Economy of Korea