Incheon International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Incheon International Airport
인천국제공항
Incheon Gukje Gonghang
Incheon Airport Logo.svg
Incheon International Airport.jpg
Aerial view of Terminal 1
IATA: ICNICAO: RKSI
WMO: 47113
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner South Korean government
Operator Incheon International Airport Corporation
Serves Seoul Metro Area
Location Jung District, Incheon, South Korea
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates 37°27′48″N 126°26′24″E / 37.46333°N 126.44000°E / 37.46333; 126.44000Coordinates: 37°27′48″N 126°26′24″E / 37.46333°N 126.44000°E / 37.46333; 126.44000
Website www.airport.kr
Map
ICN is located in South Korea
ICN
ICN
Location in South Korea
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15R/33L 3,750 12,303 Asphalt
15L/33R 3,750 12,303 Asphalt
16/34 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 19 63 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Aircraft movements 300,634
Passengers 49,281,420
Tonnes of cargo 2,595,677
Statistics from IIAC[1]

Incheon International Airport (IIA) (IATA: ICNICAO: RKSI) (Korean: 인천국제공항, sometimes referred to as Seoul-Incheon International Airport) is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. Since 2005, it has been rated the best airport worldwide by Airports Council International every year.[2] It is also rated as the world's cleanest airport and the world's best international transit airport by Skytrax.[3]

The airport has a golf course, spa, private sleeping rooms, an ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens and a Museum of Korean Culture. Airport authorities claim that average departure and arrival takes 19 minutes and 12 minutes respectively, as compared to worldwide average of 60 minutes and 45 minutes respectively, ranking it among of the fastest airports in the world for customs processing.[4] Its duty-free shopping mall has been rated the world's best for three years in a row in 2013 by Business Traveller.[5] Incheon International Airport also claims that it has only a 0.0001% baggage mishandling rate.[6]

The airport opened for business in early 2001 to replace the older Gimpo International Airport, which now serves mostly domestic destinations and shuttle flights to several East Asian metropolitan areas including Tokyo, Osaka, Beijing, Shanghai and Taipei.

Incheon International Airport is located west of Incheon's city center, on an artificially created piece of land between Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The two islands were originally separated by shallow sea. That area between the two islands was reclaimed for the construction project, effectively connecting the once separate Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The reclaimed area as well as the two islands are all part of Jung-gu, an administrative district of Incheon.

The airport holds a record of being ranked the Best Airport Worldwide for 11 consecutive years by the Airports Council International (ACI)'s Airport Service Quality Award from 2005 to 2016, and has also been rated the world's best among airports of its size (25–40 million passengers) and region (Asia-Pacific) since 2012 due to the institution's decision to discontinue the Best Airport Worldwide category.[citation needed]

Seoul Incheon International Airport's terminal has 76 boarding gates altogether, with 44 in the main terminal and 30 in Concourse A.

History[edit]

Location of Incheon International Airport on reclaimed land joining Yeongjong and Yongyu Islands

After the Seoul Olympics of 1988, international air traffic to Korea increased. In the 1990s, it became apparent that Gimpo International Airport could not cope with the increase in air traffic. To reduce the load on Gimpo International Airport, the government decided to build a new airport.

The new airport was originally planned to be located in Cheongju, 124 km far from Seoul, but due to its distance, it was opposed by Seoul and Gyeonggi citizens.[citation needed] Hwaseong was the other choice, but it was also rejected due to similar reasons. Finally the area chosen was Incheon.[when?]

In November 1992, the construction of the Incheon airport began on reclaimed land between Yeongjong Island and Youngyu Island, and took eight years to finish, with an additional six months for testing. Completion was initially scheduled for 1997 but delayed due to the economic crisis.[citation needed] Finally, the airport was officially opened in March 2001.

Air traffic increased markedly, and by early 2002, due to the 2002 FIFA World Cup and 2002 Asian Games, it became apparent that the airport would be saturated by 2006.[citation needed] As a result, construction of the second phase began in February 2002. Originally, the construction was scheduled to finish by December 2008. Due to the Beijing Olympics in 2008, however, the schedule was accelerated in order to finish construction by July 2008.[citation needed]

On 15 November 2006, the Airbus A380 landed at the airport as part of the first leg of its certification trip.[citation needed] Tests on the runways, taxiways, and ramps showed that the airport could handle the aircraft.

To further upgrade service, Incheon and major Korean logistics firm Hanjin Corporation (parent company of the Korean Flag Carrier, Korean Air) agreed on January 10, 2008 to build Yeongjong Medical Centre, which was completed in 2012. This hospital is currently serving nearby residents and some of Korea's annual 30,000 medical tourists.[7]

Terminal 2 is expected to open in 2017 at the soonest to increase capacity. AREX and KTX will extend their lines to provide access to the new terminal.

Statistics[edit]

Located 48 km (30 mi) west of Seoul, the capital and the largest city of South Korea, Incheon International Airport is the main hub for Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air, and Polar Air Cargo. The airport serves as a hub for international civilian air transportation and cargo traffic in East Asia. Incheon International Airport is also currently Asia's eighth busiest airport in terms of passengers, the world's fourth busiest airport by cargo traffic, and the world's eighth busiest airport in terms of international passengers in 2014. In that year, 40,785,953 international passengers used the airport.[8]

The airport opened for business in early 2001 to replace the older Gimpo International Airport, which now serves mostly domestic destinations plus shuttle flights to alternate airports in China, Japan, and Taiwan.

Incheon Airport from the Air, 2013

Construction stages[edit]

New satellite building under construction

The airport was originally planned to be built in three phases, incrementally increasing airport capacity as the demand grew. This was changed, however, to four phases after the airport was opened.

Phase 1[edit]

In Phase 1, the airport had a capacity of 30 million passengers annually, and a cargo capacity of 1.7 million metric tonnes annually. In this phase, a passenger terminal with a floor space of 496,000 square metres (5,340,000 sq ft), two parallel runways, a control tower, an administrative building, a transportation centre (the Integrated Transportation Centre, designed by Terry Farrell and Partners and Samoo Architects & Engineers), and integrated operations centre, three cargo terminals, international business centre, and a government office building were constructed.

Phase 2[edit]

Phase 2 construction began in 2002, and was originally expected to be completed in December 2008. However, in an attempt to have the airport ready for the 2008 Beijing Olympics, which took place in August 2008, the schedule was modified, and Phase 2 construction was completed on 20 June 2008. During this construction phase, a third parallel 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) long runway and a 13-hectare cargo terminal area were added. A 16.5 hectare concourse connected to the main passenger building via two parallel 870 metres (2,850 ft) long underground passageways was added, with a Mitsubishi Crystal Mover shuttle train APM shuttling passengers between the concourse and the main terminal.[9]

With the completion, the airport has an annual capacity of 410,000 flights, 44,000,000 passengers, and nearly 4,500,000 metric tonnes of cargo.[citation needed] Many long distance foreign carriers were moved to the new concourse, with Korean Air and Asiana Airlines continuing to use the existing terminal.

Phase 3[edit]

Plans to invest 4 trillion by 2017 to expand Incheon International Airport. The South Korean government plans to add a second passenger terminal in the northern field of the airport, and expand its existing cargo terminal and other infrastructure. The terminals will be connected with each other by the underground "Starline" train, which currently links the first terminal and the concourse. Upon completion, Incheon International Airport will be able to handle 62 million passengers and 5.8 million tonnes of cargo a year, up from the current capacity of 44 million passengers and 4.5 million tonnes. Construction began in 2011 with completion targeted for 2017. Plans for Incheon's expansion also include adding more aprons to park planes and extending a railway line to the city centre of Seoul about 70 kilometres (43 mi) away from the airport. The airport also signed an agreement to build a resort called "Inspire" which includes 6 star hotels,theme parks,and a casino.[10]

Phase 4[edit]

Estimated to be completed in 2020, this is the final and the ultimate construction stage. Upon completion, the airport will have two passenger terminals, four satellite concourses, 128 gates, and five parallel runways (one exclusively for cargo flights). It will be able to handle 100 million passengers and 7 million metric tonnes of cargo annually, with further possible expansions. The airport is projected to be transformed into one of the ten busiest airports in the world by 2020.

Terminals[edit]

Airport Layout

Main Terminal (To be renamed Terminal 1)[edit]

The main passenger terminal (measuring 594,000 square metres) is the largest airport terminal in area in South Korea. The passenger terminal was designed by Curtis W. Fentress, FAIA, RIBA of Fentress Architects. It is 1,060 metres (3,480 ft) long, 149 metres (489 ft) wide, and 33 metres (108 ft) high. Its construction cost was 1.3816 trillion South Korean Won.[citation needed] The terminal has 44 boarding ports (all of which can accommodate the new Airbus A380), 50 customs inspection ports, 2 biological quarantine counters, 6 stationary and 14 portable passenger quarantine counters, 120 arrival passport inspection counters, 8 arrival security ports, 28 departure security ports, 252 check in counters, and 120 departure passport inspection counters. In 2015, an automatic check-in counter lane was introduced, where people travelling via Korean Air, Asiana Airlines and China Southern Airlines can use. Instead of having airport staff at the counter, there is a machine where travelers input their flight information, scan their passports, receive their flight tickets and lastly, load the luggage onto the conveyor. This system was planned to be introduced in Terminal 2, but in May 2015 Incheon Airport used one of the counter islands for the unmanned luggage handling system.[11]

Concourse[edit]

The passenger concourse was completed at the end of May 2008, and all foreign airlines use this terminal as of 10 June 2008.[citation needed] It is connected to the Main Terminal by two parallel 870-metre (2,850 ft) long underground passageways equipped with IATs (Intra Airport Transit). It has 30 gates and six lounges (Asiana Airlines/Star Alliance, Singapore Airlines/Star Alliance, Cathay Pacific/Oneworld, Japan Airlines/Oneworld, Korean Air/SkyTeam, and China Eastern Airlines/SkyTeam).

Terminal 2 (Opening in 2018)[edit]

A new passenger terminal will be opened in 2018. Korean Air and SkyTeam will be relocated to the future Terminal 2. [12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Incheon Airport Maglev Station Platform
A Asiana Airlines Boeing 747-400 aircraft at Incheon International Airport, April 2015
JAL Aircraft at Incheon Airport in 2006
Thai Airways Aircraft at Incheon International Airport
Incheon Airport Logistics Center in 2006
Air Traffic Control Tower at Incheon Airport in 2012

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal/
Concourse
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo A
Aeroflot
operated by Aurora
Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk A
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International A
Air Astana Almaty, Astana A
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver A
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dandong,[13] Hangzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Tianjin, Wenzhou,[14] Yanji A
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle A
Air India Delhi, Hong Kong, Mumbai A
Air Macau Macau A
Air Seoul Hiroshima,[15][16] Kota Kinabalu,[15] Macau,[15] Nagasaki,[15][16] Shizuoka,[15][16] Siem Reap,[15] Takamatsu,[15][16] Toyama,[15][16] Ube,[15][16] Yonago[15][16] Main
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino A
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth A
Asiana Airlines Almaty, Astana,[17] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Clark, Da Nang, Dalian, Delhi, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Istanbul–Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Jinan, Kalibo, Khabarovsk, Koror, Kumamoto, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Macau, Manila, Miyazaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qingdao, Rome–Fiumicino, Saipan, San Francisco, Sapporo–Chitose,[18] Seattle/Tacoma, Sendai, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tashkent, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Weihai, Xi'an, Yancheng, Yanji, Yantai, Yuzhno–Sakhalinsk
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Nanchang, Nha Trang
Seasonal charter: Budapest,[19] Hailar,[20] Lanzhou,[21] Qiqihar[22]
Main
British Airways London–Heathrow A
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan A
Cebu Pacific Cebu, Kalibo, Manila A
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan A
China Eastern Airlines Changsha, Changzhou, Kunming, Nanjing, Nanning, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Weihai, Wuxi, Xi'an, Yancheng, Yantai, Zhengzhou A
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Changchun, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Harbin, Jiamusi, Mudanjiang, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Yanji, Zhengzhou, Wuhan
Seasonal: Nanning, Urumqi
A
Czech Airlines Prague A
Delta Air Lines Atlanta (resumes 4 June 2017),[23] Detroit, Seattle/Tacoma A
Eastar Jet Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Fukuoka,[24] Hanoi,[25] Hong Kong, Jinan, Kota Kinabalu, Naha,[26] Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Saipan, Siem Reap, Taipei–Taoyuan,[27] Tokyo–Narita A
Emirates Dubai–International Main
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Hong Kong A
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi Main
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taichung, Taipei–Taoyuan A
Finnair Helsinki A
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta A
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu A
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong (begins 16 December 2016)[28] A
HK Express Hong Kong A
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita A
Jeju Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Da Nang,[29] Fukuoka, Guam, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Jiamusi, Kota Kinabalu,[30] Macau,[31] Manila, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket,[32] Qingdao, Saipan, Sanya,[33] Saporro–Chitose,[30] Shijiazhuang, Taipei–Taoyuan,[34] Tokyo–Narita, Weihai, Yantai Main or A
Jin Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Clark, Da Nang,[35] Fukuoka, Guam, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Honolulu,[36] Kitakyushu (begins 13 December 2016),[37] Kota Kinabalu, Macau, Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Saipan,[38] Sapporo-Chitose, Taipei–Taoyuan,[39] Tokyo-Narita,[40] Vientiane
Seasonal: Cairns (begins 14 December 2016)[41]
Main or A
KLM Amsterdam Main
Korean Air Amsterdam, Aomori, Atlanta, Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona (begins 28 April 2017),[42] Beijing–Capital, Brisbane, Busan, Cairo, Cebu, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chicago–O'Hare, Colombo, Da Nang, Daegu, Dalian, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi,[43] Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guam, Guangzhou, Guiyang,[44] Hakodate, Hanoi, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Huangshan, Irkutsk, Istanbul–Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah (ends 24 February 2017),[45] Jeju, Jinan, Kagoshima, Kathmandu, Komatsu, Koror, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Las Vegas, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Malé, Manila, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Nadi, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha,[44] Nanning, New York–JFK, Nha Trang, Niigata, Oita, Okayama, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Prague, Qingdao, Riyadh (ends 24 February 2017),[45] Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sapporo–Chitose, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Siem Reap (ends 30 January 2017),[46] Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tashkent, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Ulan Bator, Vancouver, Vienna, Vladivostok, Washington–Dulles, Weihai, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Yangon, Yanji, Zhengzhou, Zürich
Seasonal: Akita, Saint Petersburg
Seasonal charter: Athens, Calgary, Glasgow, Marseille,[47] Zagreb
Main
Lao Airlines Vientiane A
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin A
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich A
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International A
Mandarin Airlines Kaohsiung, Taichung, Taipei–Taoyuan[48] A
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulan Bator A
Myanmar Airways International Mandalay, Yangon A
Peach Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda A
Philippine Airlines Cebu, Clark (begins 1 January 2017),[49] Kalibo, Manila
Seasonal: Bacolod[50]
A
Philippines AirAsia Cebu, Kalibo, Manila A
Qatar Airways Doha Main
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk,[51] Vladivostok
Seasonal: Irkutsk
A
Scoot Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan A
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai A
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Pudong A
Shenzhen Airlines Shenzhen, Xi'an, Yantai A
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu A
Singapore Airlines Los Angeles,[52] Singapore A
Sky Angkor Airlines Siem Reap, Sihanoukville A
Spring Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang A
Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Don Mueang A
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan A
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin A
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk A
T'way Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Da Nang,[53] Fukuoka, Guam,[54] Haikou, Ho Chi Minh City,[55] Jinan, Macau,[56] Naha, Ningbo, Oita, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao,[57] Saga, Saipan (begins 23 December 2016),[58] Sapporo–Chitose, Tokyo–Narita,[59] Vientiane, Wenzhou[57] A
Uni Air Taichung, Taipei–Taoyuan A
United Airlines San Francisco, Tokyo–Narita A
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent A
VietJet Air Hai Phong (begins 13 December 2016),[60] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Charter: Da Nang
A
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City A
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen A
Yakutia Airlines Seasonal: Ulan–Ude, Yakutsk A

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air China Cargo Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong
Air France Cargo Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong
Air Incheon Jinan, Qingdao, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Ulan Bator, Yantai, Yuzhno–Sakhalinsk
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg
Antonov Airlines Fairbanks
ANA Cargo Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth,[61] Frankfurt, Gothenburg, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, London–Stansted, Los Angeles, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Nagoya-Centrair, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, Oslo–Gardermoen, Penang, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Tianjin, Vienna, Yantai
Aviacon Zitotrans Yekaterinburg
Aviastar-TU Tianjin
CAL Cargo Air Lines Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Cardig Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cargolux Italia Milan–Malpensa
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Osaka–Kansai
Centurion Air Cargo Miami
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
China Postal Airlines Beijing–Capital, Xi'an, Yantai
DHL Aviation
operated by AeroLogic
Leipzig/Halle[62]
DHL Aviation
operated by Atlas Air
Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Hong Kong
DHL Aviation
operated by Kalitta Air
Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, New York–JFK, Shanghai–Pudong
DHL Aviation
operated by Southern Air
Beijing–Capital, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, San Francisco
DHL Aviation
operated by Polar Air Cargo
Anchorage, Cincinnati, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Melbourne, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum, Osaka–Kansai
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi
FedEx Express Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Los Angeles, Memphis, Shanghai–Pudong
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Hong Kong
Korean Air Cargo Amsterdam, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Bogotá, Boston, Brussels, Campinas, Chicago–O'Hare, Chennai, Cheongju, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Istanbul–Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Lima, London–Heathrow, London–Stansted, Los Angeles, Manila, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Navoiy, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Qingdao, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Sydney, Tehran–Imam Khomeini,[63] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Vienna, Xiamen, Zaragoza
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur–International
Nippon Cargo Airlines Osaka–Kansai, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita
Okay Airways Cargo Tianjin
Polet Airlines Voronezh
Qantas Freight Chicago–O'Hare, Sydney
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
SAT Airlines Cargo Yuzhno–Sakhalinsk
SF Airlines Zhengzhou
Sky Lease Cargo Miami
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Silk Way West Airlines Baku
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Turkish Airlines Cargo Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk[64]
UPS Airlines Almaty, Anchorage, Hong Kong, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Zhengzhou
Uzbekistan Airlines Cargo Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Volga-Dnepr Airlines Krasnoyarsk
Yangtze River Express Hangzhou, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong
Korean Air planes awaiting departure
Korean Air A330 taxiing out at Incheon Airport

Traffic and statistics[edit]

Incheon airport is eighth busiest internationally.

Top Destinations[edit]

Busiest international routes (2015)
Rank Airport Passengers Operating Airlines
1 Hong Kong 3,073,664 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Eastar Jet, Jeju Air, Jin Air, Air India, Cathay Pacific, Ethiopian Airlines, HK Express, Thai Airways
2 Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2,091,049 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Eastar Jet, Jeju Air, Jin Air, T'way Airlines, Thai Airways
3 Osaka-Kansai 1,834,724 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Eastar Jet, Jeju Air, Jin Air, T'way Airlines, Peach
4 Shanghai-Pudong 1,826,338 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Spring Airlines
5 Tokyo-Narita 1,679,920 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Eastar Jet, Jeju Air, Jin Air, T'way Airlines, Japan Airlines, United Airlines
6 Manila 1,405,743 Asiana Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Jeju Air, Korean Air Philippine Airlines, Philippines AirAsia
7 Taipei-Taoyuan 1,372,985 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Eastar Jet, Jeju Air, Jin Air, Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, EVA Air, Mandarin Airlines, Scoot, Thai Airways, Uni Air
8 Qingdao 1,357,597 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air, T'way Airlines, Air China, China Eastern Airlines, Shandong Airlines
9 Fukuoka 1,317,312 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Eastar Jet, Jeju Air, Jin Air, T'way Airlines
10 Singapore 1,238,581 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Scoot, Singapore Airlines
11 Beijing-Capital 1,116,852 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Air China, China Southern Airlines
12 Hanoi 1,063,603 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air, Jin Air, VietJet Air, Vietnam Airlines
13 Los Angeles 1,054,387 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines
14 Cebu 893,049 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air, Jin Air, AirAsia Philippines, Cebu Pacific, Philippine Airlines
15 Ho Chi Minh City 840,760 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, T'way Airlines, VietJet Air, Vietnam Airlines
16 Guam 757,653 Korean Air, Jeju Air, Jin Air, T'way Airlines
17 New York-JFK 680,468 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines
18 Guangzhou 651,301 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, China Southern Airlines
19 Kuala Lumpur 649,984 Korean Air, AirAsia X, Malaysia Airlines
20 San Francisco 646,652 Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Singapore Airlines, United Airlines
Source: Korea Airpotal

The top seven domestic destinations are shown below:

Busiest domestic routes (2015)
Rank Airport Passengers
1 Busan 353,268
2 Daegu 119,099
3 Jeju 88,371
Source: KAC Airport statics

Annual Traffic[edit]

Years Passengers Aircraft

Operations

Cargo
2001 14,542,290 86,807 1,186,015
2002 20,924,171 126,094 1,705,928
2003 19,789,874 130,185 1,843,055
2004 24,084,072 149,776 2,133,444
2005 26,051,466 160,843 2,150,139
2006 28,191,116 182,007 2,336,571
2007 31,227,897 211,404 2,555,580
2008 29,973,522 211,102 2,423,717
2009 28,549,770 198,918 2,313,002
2010 33,478,925 214,835 2,684,499
2011 35,062,366 229,580 2,539,222
2012 38,970,864 254,037 2,456,724
2013 41,482,828 271,224 2,464,385
2014 45,512,099 290,043 2,557,681
2015 49,281,220 305,446 2,595,677
Source: IIAC Airport Statistics[65]

Top carriers[edit]

In 2015, the twelve carriers with the largest percentage of passengers flying into, out of, or through Incheon are as follows:

Top Carriers (2015)[66]
Rank Carrier Domestic
Passengers
International
Passengers
Total  %
1 Korean Air 471,664 14,990,026 15,461,690 31.37%
2 Asiana Airlines 79,016 11,363,072 11,442,088 23.22%
3 Jeju Air 1,761 2,170,003 2,171,764 4.41%
4 Jin Air 2,502 1,787,196 1,789,698 3.63%
5 China Southern Airlines - 1,590,590 1,590,590 3.23%
6 China Eastern Airlines - 1,501,667 1,501,667 3.05%
7 Cathay Pacific - 1,038,164 1,038,164 2.11%
8 Air China - 1,024,053 1,024,053 2.08%
9 Thai Airways International - 851,225 851,225 1.73%
10 Eastar Jet 3,130 833,571 836,701 1.70%
11 Tway Airlines 1,540 782,022 783,562 1.59%
12 Philippine Airlines - 669,116 669,116 1.36%

Accolades[edit]

Incheon International airport has been the recipient of a number of awards since its opening, including:

  • From 2002, won the Best Airport Award, according to IATA and ACI, for three consecutive years.[citation needed]
  • In 2006, received the ATRS' Top Asia-Pacific Efficiency Award after achieving a residual variable factor productivity efficiency value that was 57% higher than the average of those in the region.[citation needed]
  • In 2006, was awarded as the world's best airport based on a passenger survey conducted by the IATA.[citation needed]
  • Was named Best Airport Worldwide at the first Airport Service Quality Awards.[67]
  • Was awarded the "Best in Service Award in Class" at the 1st International Conference on Airport Quality and Service by the IATA and the ACI.[citation needed]
  • Won the GT Tested Award for Best Airport in the World in January 2007.[68]
  • Named by Global Traveler (GT) as the Best Airport in the World for the second straight year in January 2008.[7]
  • Has been named World's Best Airport for 2009, in the World Airport Survey results published by Skytrax.
  • In 2012 it was ranked the best airport in the world by Skytrax.[69]
Year Award Category Results Ref
2009 Airport Service Quality Awards
by Airports Council International
Best Airport Worldwide Won [70]
Best Airport in Asia-Pacific Won
Best Airport by Size (25–40 million passengers) Won
2010 Best Airport Worldwide Won [71]
2011 Won [72]

Accidents and Incidents[edit]

On 16 June 2011, Asiana Airlines Flight 324 operated by Airbus A321-200 HL7763 between Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, China and Incheon International Airport was fired upon by two soldiers of the Republic of Korea Marine Corps as it came in to land at Incheon. A total of 99 rounds were discharged at the aircraft, which was out of range and made a safe landing without sustaining any damage. The soldiers had misidentified the aircraft as belonging to the North Korean military, and were acting on orders that gave them permission to engage without reference to senior officers, following the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong in November 2010.[73]

Ground Transport[edit]

A deluxe limousine bus at Incheon Airport bound for Jamsil Subway Station in Seoul.
A limousine bus at Incheon Airport bound for Jamsil Subway Station in Seoul

Bus[edit]

Airport buses are called limousine buses, and are available outside the arrival areas on the first floor. Standard limousine buses travel to Gimpo Airport & Songjeong Station.

Intercity buses connect with other towns and cities in Korea.

The Korea City Air Terminal in Gangnam is linked with the airport through limousine buses.

Taxi stand and bus stop maps outside arrival areas.
AREX 2000 series EMU with Commuter train service

Rail[edit]

AREX[edit]

The Incheon International Airport Railroad airport express (or AREX, and styled as A'REX) station is located in the Transport Centre, adjacent to the main terminal building. It provides high-speed services to Gimpo Airport and Seoul. Many of the stations along the AREX line provide connections to the Incheon Subway and Seoul Metropolitan Subway.

Seoul station city airport has check-in and immigration facilities before arrival at the airport.

KTX[edit]

The Korea Train eXpress (KTX) operates at the same station as AREX. However, it uses a different platform. It operates 20 times per day from Incheon airport. It operates twelve times on the Gyeonbu line, twice on the Gyeonjeon line, four times on the Honam line, and twice on the Jeolla line.

Maglev[edit]

The maglev opened in February 2016. The first phase is 6.1 km long, spread over six stations, taking riders from the airport toward the south-west of the island where a water park is located. Phase 2 will be 9.7 km long, extending the line to the north-west of the island. Phase 3 will add 37.4 km, transforming the line into a circle.[citation needed]

Car[edit]

The airport provides a short term parking lot for 4,000 cars and a long term parking lot for 6,000 cars. Shuttle services connect the long term parking lot to the passenger terminal and the cargo terminal. Car rental is located near the long term parking lot. A link to the mainland is provided by the toll Yeongjong Bridge and an expressway. A second expressway on the Incheon Bridge connects the island with central Incheon.

Incheon Airport KTX terminal

Ferry[edit]

A ferry service connects Yeongjong-do to the mainland. However, the dock is located a considerable distance from the airport. An alternative means of transport must be sought upon arriving at the island to be able to get to the airport.[74]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Incheon(ICN) International Airport - Airport Traffic(Summary)". Airport.kr. Retrieved 2014-02-10. 
  2. ^ The Korea Herald. "Incheon Airport tops service quality for 9th year". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "The World's Best Airports for Transit Passengers". Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Incheon International named Best Airport Worldwide 7 years in a row". Rus Tourism News. 2012-02-21. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  5. ^ "인천공항 면세점, 3년연속 '세계 최고 면세점 선정' - Chosunbiz - 프리미엄 경제 파워". Biz.chosun.com. 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  6. ^ "25 Reasons Incheon International Airport is the Best Airport in the World". Seulistic. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  7. ^ a b [1]
  8. ^ "ACI releases World Airport Traffic Report 2010" (PDF). 1 August 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  9. ^ "Incheon Airport to Open New Concourse". Koreatimes.co.kr. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  10. ^ "Incheon Airport to Have New Terminal by 2017". Korea Herald. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2009. 
  11. ^ Future Travel Experience. "Incheon Airport launches new self-service bag drop system". Future Travel Experience. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  12. ^ 구정모. "인천공항, 2018년 제2여객터미널에 대한항공 배치". 연합뉴스. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  13. ^ "Air China Adds Dandong - Seoul Service from late-Sep 2015". airlineroute. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "Air China Adds Wenzhou – Seoul Service from late-April 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Air Seoul Files Preliminary International Schedule in 16Q4". routesonline. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "에어서울, 10월부터 아시아나 日 노선 순차 인수". NEWSIS.COM (in Korean). 15 July 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  17. ^ "ASIANA AIRLINES Adds Astana Service from August 2015". airlineroute. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  18. ^ "ASIANA AIRLINES Adds Sapporo Service from July 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  19. ^ "ASIANA AIRLINES Adds Scheduled Budapest Charter in July/August 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "ASIANA AIRLINES Adds Hailar Scheduled Charter July/August 2015". airlineroute. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  21. ^ "Asiana Airlines adds Lanzhou charters in Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "Asiana Airlines Adds New Scheduled Charter Routes to China in S16". routesonline. Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  23. ^ http://news.delta.com/delta-korean-air-strengthen-partnership-new-flights-seoul
  24. ^ "EastarJet Delays Fukuoka Launch to late-July 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 26 May 2016. 
  25. ^ "EastarJet adds Hanoi service from Nov 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  26. ^ "Eastarjet Adds Seoul - Okinawa Service from late-Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 22 September 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  27. ^ "EastarJet Adds Seoul Incheon – Taipei Taoyuan Service from late-March 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  28. ^ "Hong Kong Airlines plans Seoul service from Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  29. ^ "Jeju Air Adds Seoul - Da Nang Route from Dec 2015". airlineroute. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  30. ^ a b "Jeju Air Adds New Routes from July 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  31. ^ "Jeju Air schedules Macau launch in late-Oct 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  32. ^ "Jeju Air Adds Phuket Service from Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  33. ^ "Jeju Air plans Seoul – Sanya Nov 2016 launch". routesonline. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  34. ^ "Jeju Air Plans Seoul – Taipei Operation from May 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  35. ^ "Jin Air to Start Seoul - Da Nang Route from late-Oct 2015". airlineroute. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2015. 
  36. ^ "Jin Air to Start Hawaii Operation from Dec 2015". Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  37. ^ "Jin Air expands Japan service in W16". routesonline. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  38. ^ "Jin Air Adds New Guam / Saipan Service in S16". Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  39. ^ "Jin Air Resumes Taiwan Service from late-March 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  40. ^ "Jin Air Adds Seoul Incheon – Tokyo Narita Service from July 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  41. ^ "Jin Air to launch Incheon-Cairns service". Korea Herald. Retrieved 28 June 2016. 
  42. ^ "Korean Air conectará Seúl y Barcelona con un vuelo directo en abril de 2017". Europa Press. Retrieved 23 November 2016.  (spanish)
  43. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/267734/korean-air-adds-delhi-service-from-dec-2016/
  44. ^ a b "Korean Air Adds New Asian Routes from May 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  45. ^ a b "Korean Air ends Saudi Arabia service in Feb 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  46. ^ "Korean Air ends Siem Reap flights in Jan 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  47. ^ "Korean Air Schedules Marseille Charters in 16Q3". routesonline.com. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  48. ^ "Mandarin Airlines Adds Seoul Service from June 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 11 March 2016. 
  49. ^ "Philippine Airlines plans Clark – Seoul service from Jan 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  50. ^ "Philippine Airlines Adds Bacolod – Seoul Route Dec 2015 – Feb 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  51. ^ L, J (28 November 2014). "S7 Airlines Expands Seoul Service from Dec 2014". airlineroute. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  52. ^ "SIA To Expand US Operations With Non-Stop San Francisco Flights And Second Daily Los Angeles Service". Singapore Airlines. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  53. ^ "T'Way Airlines Adds Da Nang Service from July 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  54. ^ "Tway". Tway. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  55. ^ "T'Way Airlines to Start Seoul – Ho Chi Minh Service from late-Dec 2015". Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  56. ^ "T'Way Air to Start Macau Service from late-Nov 2015". airlineroute. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  57. ^ a b "T'Way Air Adds New Routes to China from May 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  58. ^ "T'Way plans Saipan launch in Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  59. ^ "T'Way Air Expands Japan Service in S16". airlineroute. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  60. ^ "Vietjet Air adds Haiphong International flights from Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 6 September 2016. 
  61. ^ "Asiana route highlights DFW, Incheon partnership". 7 September 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  62. ^ "2013 summer schedule". AeroLogic. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  63. ^ http://cargo.koreanair.com/ecus/skd/servlet/ScheduleInetServlet?pid=22&version=eng
  64. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule Archived 4 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  65. ^ "IIAC Stats". Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  66. ^ "항공통계". 항공통계; Cannot access direct link. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  67. ^ [2] Archived 16 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  68. ^ "Premium Travelers Name Incheon International Top Airport Global Traveler Readers have Chosen the Airport as the Best in the World". PR Web Website. 21 January 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2006. 
  69. ^ "Incheon International Airport is named the World's Best Airport in 2012 by airline travelers". Worldairportawards.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  70. ^ "ACI Airport Service Quality Awards 2009, Asia Pacific airports sweep top places in worldwide awards" Airports Council International. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-13
  71. ^ "ASQ Award for winners for 2010". Airports Council International. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  72. ^ "World's best airports announced -- Asia dominates". CNN Go. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  73. ^ Hradecky, Simon. "Incident: Asiana A321 near Seoul on Jun 17th 2011, aircraft under fire". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 18 June 2011. 
  74. ^ "Transport in Yeongjongdo & Muuido - Lonely Planet Travel Information". lonelyplanet.com. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 

External links[edit]