Inchiri Region

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Inchiri
ولاية إينشيري
Region of Mauritania
Akjoujt City.JPG
Inchiri in Mauritania.svg
Coordinates: 20°04′N 15°04′W / 20.067°N 15.067°W / 20.067; -15.067Coordinates: 20°04′N 15°04′W / 20.067°N 15.067°W / 20.067; -15.067
Country  Mauritania
Departments
Area
 • Total 47,000 km2 (18,000 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 19,639
 • Density 0.42/km2 (1.1/sq mi)

Inchiri (Arabic: ولاية إينشيري‎‎) is a region in western Mauritania. Its capital is Akjoujt. It borders the regions of Adrar to the east, Trarza to the south, and Dakhlet Nouadhibou to the north and west, along with a short Atlantic Ocean coastline. The region is known for its rich copper deposits, and therefore is heavily mined.[1] According to the World Health Organization, there is a malaria risk during the rainy season, which lasts from July to October.[2] President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz was born and raised in Akjoujt, the capital and only city in Inchiri.

As of 2013, the population of the region was 19,639, compared to 15,609 in 2011. There were 60.64 per cent females and 39.36 per cent males. As of 2008, the activity rate was 59.80 and economic dependency ratio was 0.69. As of 2008, the literacy rate for people aged 15 years and over was 63.60.

Demographics[edit]

Households in Akjoujt

As of 2013, the population of the region was 19,639, compared to 15,609 in 2011. There were 60.64 per cent females and 39.36 per cent males.[3] As of 2008, the Couples with children was 46.00 and Couples without children was 4.50. The proportion with extended family was 18.50 per cent and extended single-parent was 11.00 per cent, one-person was 11.60 per cent, and single-parent nuclear was 8.40 per cent.[4] As of 2008, the rate of household confirming the existence of public telephone in their neighbourhood or village was 83.86, rate of households benefiting from electricity post in their neighbourhood was 0.52 per cent, rate of households benefiting from health centre or health post in their neighbourhood was 0.20 per cent, and rate of households benefiting from sanitary services was 0.40 per cent.[5]

Economy, health and education[edit]

As of 2008, the activity rate was 59.80 and economic dependency ratio was 0.69. The fraction of people working in government was 26.50 per cent, individual / household private was 10.60 per cent, other was 25.70 per cent, para public was 25.40 per cent, and private enterprise was 11.80 per cent. The Grand Total as of 2008 was 840.09.[6] As of 2013, the coverage rate of DPT3 Children From 0 to 11 Months in the region was 77.20 per cent, BGC vaccination was 55.20 and polio vaccination coverage was 77.20.[7] As of 2007, the number of tourist establishments in the region was 2.[8] As of 2008, the literacy rate for people aged 15 years and over was 63.60. The net enrolment ratio of girls for secondary level was 19.40 per cent, net enrolment ratio of boys for secondary level was 10.00 per cent, and total net enrolment ratio at secondary level was 14.70 per cent.[9]

Geography[edit]

Mauritania is mostly covered with desert, with only its western regions around the coast of Atlantic Ocean having some vegetation. There are some oasis in the desert regions. Since it is a desert, there are large shifting dunes forming temporary ranges. The average elevation is around 460 m (1,510 ft) above the mean sea level. The rainfall in the northern regions closer to the Tropic of Cancer receives around 100 mm (3.9 in) of annual rainfall compared to the southern portions that receives around 660 mm (26 in). The average temparature is 37.8 °C (100.0 °F), while during the night it reaches 0 °C (32 °F).[10] Due to the geography, the inhabitants historically, have been nomadic. In modern times, people have migrated to urban centres during the drought in 1970 and 1980. There are a few sedantary cultivators, who are located only in the Southern regions of the country. Research has indicated that the Saharan movement has resulted in reduction of rains in the region from the 1960s, when it received close to 250 mm (9.8 in) of rainfall.[11]

Local administration[edit]

Inchiri department

The local administration is adoped from French local administration framework with a Ministry of Internal Control governing the local bodies. The original administration was held by Governors of each district, but after the municipal elections in 1994, the powers has been decentralized from the district bodies.[12] Mauritania has been divided into 13 wilayas (regions), including the Nouakchott Capital District. The smallest administrative division in the country is the commune and the country has 216 of them. A group of communes form a moughataa (department) and the group of moughataa form a district. There are total of 53 moughataa for the 13 districts in the country. The executive power of the district is vested on a district chief, while it is on hakem for moughataa.[13] Out of the 216 communes, 53 classified as urban and rest 163 are rural. The communes are responsible for overseeing and coordinating development activities and are financed by the state. The Local Governments have their own legal jurisdiction, financial autonomy, an annual budget, staff, and an office. The elections for the local government are conducted every five years along with Senate and Parliamentary elections. On account of the political instability, the last elections were held in 2006.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pazzanita, Anthony G., and Alfred G. Gerteiny. "Copper." Historical Dictionary of Mauritania. Vol. 110. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 1996. 143-44. Print. Historical Dictionaries of Africa.
  2. ^ Organization, World Health. International Travel and Health 2009: Situation as on 1 January 2009. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009. Print. International Travel and Health.
  3. ^ "Census of Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  4. ^ "Socio-economic statistics of Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Basic amenities in Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Economic and household characteristics of Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "Vaccination statistics of Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "Tourist establishments in Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "Education in Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  10. ^ McColl, R. W. (2014). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 1. Infobase Publishing. p. 591. ISBN 9780816072293. 
  11. ^ Hilling, David (2004). "Mauritania - Physical and Social Geography". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 699. ISBN 9781857431834. 
  12. ^ Mauritania Foreign Policy and Government Guide, Volume 1. Int'l Business Publications. p. 31. ISBN 9781433032790. 
  13. ^ Islamic Republic of Mauritania profile Public Administration and Country profile (PDF) (Report). Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 7. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  14. ^ Project approval on a proposed IDA grant (PDF) (Report). Urban Development & Services Practice, Country Department AFCF1, Africa Region, World Bank. 23 May 2013. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 17 November 2016.