Indas (community development block)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Indas
ইন্দাস
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Indas is located in West Bengal
Indas
Indas
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°09′00″N 87°37′00″E / 23.15°N 87.616667°E / 23.15; 87.616667Coordinates: 23°09′00″N 87°37′00″E / 23.15°N 87.616667°E / 23.15; 87.616667
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 255.10 km2 (98.49 sq mi)
Elevation 49 m (161 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 169,783
 • Density 670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722205 (Indas)
Telephone/STD code 03244
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-67, WB-68
Literacy 71.76%
Lok Sabha constituency Bishnupur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Indas
Website bankura.gov.in

Indas (also spelled Indus) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bishnupur subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj[edit]

From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.[1]

Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Indas is located at 23°09′00″N 87°37′00″E / 23.15°N 87.616667°E / 23.15; 87.616667.

Indas CD Block is located in the eastern part of the district and belongs to the fertile low lying alluvial plains, similar to the predominating rice lands in the adjacent districts of West Bengal. Here, the eye constantly rests on wide expanses of rice fields, green in the rains but parched and dry in summer.[2][3]

Indas CD Block is bounded by Khandaghosh CD Block, in Bardhaman district, on the north and the east, Kotulpur and Joypur CD Blocks on the south and Patrasayer CD Blocks on the west.[4][5]

It is located 68 km from Bankura, the district headquarters.[4]

Indas CD Block has an area of 254.99 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 129 gram sansads (village councils), 131 mouzas and 129 inhabited villages. Indas police station serves this block.[6] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Indas.

Gram panchayats of Indas block/ panchayat samiti are: Akui I, Akui II, Amrul, Dighalgram, Indus I, Indus II, Karisunda, Mangalpur, Rol and Sahaspur.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Indas CD Block had a total population of 169,783, all of which were rural. There were 86,697 (51%) males and 83,086 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 18,624. Scheduled Castes numbered 74,281 (43.75%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 3,143 (1.85%).[8]

As per 2001 census, Indas block had a total population of 152,829, out of which 78,324 were males and 74,505 were females. Indas block registered a population growth of 15.48 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 15.15 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Indas CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Somsar (4,431), Akui (6,115) and Kharsi (4,206).[8]

Other villages in Indas CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Indas (2,479), Shaspur (3,902), Karisunda (3,608), Amrul (2,093), Rol (3,858), Mangalpur (2,665) and Dighalgram (3,033).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Indas CD Block was 108,569 (71.76% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 60,972 (78.96% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 47,497 (64.23%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 14.73%.[8]

As per the 2011 census, literacy in Bankura district was 70.26%, up from 63.44 in 2001 and 52.00% in 1991.[11] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[12] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[12]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[4]

Religion in Indas CD Block
Hindu
  
81.98%
Muslim
  
17.70%
Christian
  
0.02%
Others
  
0.30%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 139,180 and formed 81.98% of the population in Indas CD Block. Muslims numbered 30,060 and formed 17.70% of the population. Christians numbered 37 and formed 0.02% of the population. Others numbered 506 and formed 0.30% of the population.[13] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[14] and other religious communities.[13]

BPL families[edit]

In Indas CD Block 30.8% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[15]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

128 or 98% of mouzas in Indas CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

160 mouzas in Indas CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 99 fertiliser depots, 12 seed stores and 48 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Indas CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 11.10%, patta (document) holders 3.18%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.34%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 21.83% and agricultural labourers 57.55%.[16]

In 2003-04 net area sown Indas CD Block was 20,482 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 7,400 hectares.[17]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Indas CD Block was 20,803 hectares, out of which 13,001 hectares was by canal water, 200 hectares by tank water, 420 hectares by river lift irrigation, 538 hectares by deep tube well and 6,644 hectares by shallow tubewell.[16]

In 2013-14, Indas CD Block produced 3,726 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,646 hectares, 4,380 tonnes of Aus paddy from 1,853 hectares, 12,370 tonnes of Boro paddy from 4,422 hectares, 452 tonnes of wheat from 235 hectares and 6,368,000 tonnes of potatoes from 940 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.[16]

Handloom and pottery industries[edit]

The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Indas CD Block had 339 looms in operation.[18]

Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 166 families were involved in Indas CD Block.[19]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Indas CD Block had offices of 4 commercial banks and 4 gramin banks.[16] 1 District Central Co-operative Bank

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Indas CD Block had 2 ferry services and 6 originating/ terminating bus routes.[16]

The Bankura-Masagram line (formerly Bankura Damodar Railway) of South Eastern passes through this CD Block. There is a station at Indas, 68.5 km from Bankura. As of September 2016, DEMU services were available between Bankura and Mathnasibpur.[20]

The State Highway 8 (West Bengal) running from Santaldih (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) passes through this CD Block.[21]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Indas CD Block had 145 primary schools with 14,380 students, 19 middle schools with 2,379 students, 11 high schools with 5,079 students and 11 higher secondary schools with 11,294 students. Indas CD Block had 1 general college with 1,652 students and 275 institutions for special and non-formal education with 9,110 students. [22]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Indas CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 3 primary health centres with total 50 beds and 6 doctors. It had 25 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 7,839 patients were treated indoor and 172,729 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block. [23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura". Bankura District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  3. ^ O’Malley, L.S.S., ICS, Bankura, Bengal District Gazetteers, pp. 1-20, first published 1908, 1995 reprint, Government of West Bengal
  4. ^ a b c "Indus Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Tehsil Map of Bankura". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Bankura District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Bankura District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 58. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 85. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Pages: 83-84. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "Bankura-Mathnasibpur DEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  21. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.