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Skeletal formula with numbering convention
Ball-and-stick model
Space-filling model
IUPAC name
271-44-3 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:36670 YesY
ChemSpider 8866 YesY
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
PubChem 9221
Molar mass 118.14 g/mol
Melting point 147 to 149 °C (297 to 300 °F; 420 to 422 K)
Boiling point 270 °C (518 °F; 543 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Indazole, also called isoindazole, is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound. This bicyclic compound consists of the fusion of benzene and pyrazole.

Indazole derivatives display a broad variety of biological activities.

Indazoles are rare in nature. The alkaloids nigellicine, nigeglanine, and nigellidine are indazoles. Nigellicine was isolated from the widely distributed plant Nigella sativa L. (black cumin). Nigeglanine was isolated from extracts of Nigella glandulifera.

The Davis–Beirut reaction can generate 2H-indazoles.

Some derivatives[edit]

indazole-3-carboxylic acid
Having a carboxylic acid group on carbon 3. Can be further modified to lonidamine.

See also[edit]


  • Synthesis: W. Stadlbauer, in Science of Synthesis 2002, 12, 227, and W. Stadlbauer, in Houben-Weyl, 1994, E8b, 764.
  • Review: A. Schmidt, A. Beutler, B. Snovydovych, Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Indazoles, Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2008, 4073 – 4095.