Inde

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For the tribe of Native Americans that use the name Indé to describe themselves, see Apache. For the country, see India.
Inde
Inde in Kornelimuenster 31-01-2005.jpg
Indeverlauf.png
Map of the Rur Basin, including the Inde
Origin Hautes Fagnes
Mouth Rur
50°53′58″N 6°21′46″E / 50.89944°N 6.36278°E / 50.89944; 6.36278Coordinates: 50°53′58″N 6°21′46″E / 50.89944°N 6.36278°E / 50.89944; 6.36278
Basin countries Germany, Belgium
Length 54 km (34 mi)
Source elevation ±400 m (1,300 ft)
River system River Rur (Roer River)

The River Inde is a small river in Belgium, and in North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany.

Geography[edit]

River Inde in Weisweiler

The Inde is a left (western) tributary of the River Rur (Roer River), in eastern Belgium and in North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany.

Its source is near Raeren, in Eastern Belgium. The Inde runs through Aachen-Kornelimünster, Eschweiler, and Inden. Its mouth is on the River Rur near Jülich. Because of lignite opencast mining, a section of the course was diverted near Inden-Lamersdorf in 2003 .

Tributaries of the Inde include the streams: Omerbach, Otterbach, Saubach, Vichtbach, and Wehebach.

Itertalviadukt viaduct of the Vennbahn railway over the Inde

History[edit]

Its name is of Celtic origin: Inda. The Inde has a counterpart, a "small Inde", in France: the Andelle, which is a 55-kilometre (34 mi) long river in the French département Seine-Maritime and whose original name was Indella.
The suffix -ella is an example for Celtic river names comparing for instance Mosella (= Moselle, i.e. "small Mosa (= Maas)"). For the name "Inde", the Indoeuropean stem *wed (= water) is supposed, like in words like Italian "onda" and French "onde" (= wave).[citation needed]

The River Inde acquired historical importance when Emperor Louis the Pious founded the Kornelimünster Abbey monastery along one of its old courses in 815.

See also[edit]