List of national independence days

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  Independence-related National Day
  Other National Day
  No official National Day

An Independence day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state; more rarely after the end of a military occupation

List[edit]

The following list includes current observer and member states of the United Nations that have public holidays dedicated to the establishment of the country's independence or sovereignty from a foreign power. The list does not include days commemorating regime changes (e.g. various Revolution Days or Republic Days), days commemorating its liberation from an occupying military power (Liberation Days or Victory Days), or other National Days not tied to the establishment of independence.

Country Name of holiday Date of holiday Year of event Independence from Event commemorated and notes
 Afghanistan Afghan Independence Day (Afghan Victory Day) August 19 1919[1] United Kingdom Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 or Treaty of Rawalpindi, an armistice between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War[2]
 Albania Flag Day (Dita e Flamurit) November 28 1912[1] Ottoman Empire Albanian Declaration of Independence. The following day, November 29, is celebrated as the Liberation Day and commemorates the end of the German occupation in 1944.[3]
 Algeria Independence Day July 5 1962[1] France Algeria gained independence following the Algerian War and the Algerian independence referendum. France officially recognized independent Algeria on July 3, but the Independence Day is celebrated on July 5, the day of the fall of Algiers in 1830 and the beginning of French Algeria.[4][5]
 Andorra None
 Angola Independence Day November 11 1975[1] Portugal The Alvor Agreement, signed on 15 January 1975, granted Angola independence from Portugal on 11 November, ending the Angolan War of Independence.[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Independence Day November 1 1981[1] United Kingdom The effective date of the Antigua Termination of Association Order passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in July[7][8]
 Argentina Independence Day July 9 1816[9] Spanish Empire Argentine Declaration of Independence
 Armenia Republic Day May 28 1918[10] Russian Empire Declaration of Independence of Armenia (1918)
Independence Day September 21 1991[1] Soviet Union 1991 Armenian independence referendum
 Australia None Australia Day (January 26) commemorates arrival of the First Fleet of British ships and is not an independence day.
 Austria National Day October 26 1955[1] Allied occupying powers (France, United Kingdom, United States, and Soviet Union) Declaration of Neutrality
 Azerbaijan Republic Day May 28 1918[1] Russian Empire Declaration of Independence (Azerbaijan)
Independence Day October 18 1991[11] Soviet Union Adoption of the constitutional act "On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan"[11]
 Bahamas, The Independence Day July 10 1973[1] United Kingdom Effective date of The Bahamas Independence Order 1973[12]
 Bahrain Independence Day December 16 1971[1] United Kingdom Ascension of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa to the throne[13]
 Bangladesh Independence Day March 26 1971[1] Pakistan Proclamation of Bangladeshi Independence
 Barbados Independence Day November 30 1966[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Barbados Independence Act 1966
 Belarus Independence Day July 3 1944[1] Nazi Germany The liberation of Minsk after several years of German occupation in 1944. Two other independence days – March 25 (proclamation of the Belarusian People's Republic in 1918) and July 27 (independence from the Soviet Union in 1990) – are commemorated unofficially.[14]
 Belgium National Day July 21 1831[1] United Netherlands Ascension of Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to the throne[15]
 Belize Independence Day September 21 1981[1] United Kingdom Effective day of the Belize Act 1981[16]
 Benin Independence Day August 1 1960[1] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11 creating the independent Republic of Dahomey[17]
 Bhutan None
 Bolivia Independence Day August 6 1825[1] Spain Bolivian Declaration of Independence
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Independence Day March 1 1992[1] Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1992 Bosnian independence referendum
 Botswana Independence Day September 30 1966[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Botswana Independence Act 1966[18]
 Brazil Independence Day (Dia da Independência) September 7 1822[1] United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves Declaration of independence by Pedro I of Brazil (see Independence of Brazil)[19]
 Brunei National Day February 23 1984[1] United Kingdom Brunei gained full independence effective January 1, 1984 under the Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation of 7 January 1979 between United Kingdom and Brunei.[20] However, the celebrations of the first National Day were delayed until February 23 and that day continues to be celebrated since.[21]
 Bulgaria Liberation Day March 3 1878[1] Ottoman Empire Treaty of San Stefano which created the autonomous Principality of Bulgaria[22]
Independence Day September 22 1908[23] Ottoman Empire Bulgarian Declaration of Independence[23]
 Burkina Faso Proclamation of Independence Day December 11 1958[1] France Effective date when French Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community[1]
Independence Day August 5 1960[24] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11 and creation of the independent Republic of Upper Volta[17]
 Burundi Independence Day July 1 1962[1] Belgium Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship[25][26]
 Cambodia Independence Day November 9 1953[1] France Ceremony transferring military from French to Cambodian officials based on a military hand-over agreement reached on October 17, 1953[27][28]
 Cameroon None Cameroon gained independence on January 1, 1960, but does not celebrate that date. Instead, it celebrates the National Day on May 20 commemorating the 1972 Cameroonian constitutional referendum.[29]
 Canada None Canada Day on July 1 commemorates the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.[1][30]
 Cape Verde Independence Day July 5 1975[1] Portugal Effective date of the Agreement Between Portugal and Partido Africano para a Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) signed on December 18, 1974[31]
 Central African Republic National Day December 1 1958[1] France Effective date when Central African Republic became an autonomous republic of the French Community[32]
Independence Day August 13 1960[33] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12[17]
 Chad Republic Day November 28 1958[34] France Effective date when Chad became an autonomous republic in the French Community[35]
Independence Day August 11 1960[1] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12[17]
 Chile Independence Day (part of Fiestas Patrias) September 18 1810[1] Spanish Empire Establishment of the Government Junta of Chile.[36] The following day, September 19, is celebrated as the Army Day.[37] The two holidays collectively are known as Fiestas Patrias.[38]
 China None National Day commemorates the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949.[1]
 Colombia Independence Day July 20 1810[1] Spanish Empire Colombian Declaration of Independence
 Comoros Independence Day July 6 1975[1] France Unilateral declaration of independence by the Chamber of Deputies of Comoros following the 1974 Comorian independence referendum[39]
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Independence Day June 30 1960[1] Belgium Effective date of the Treaty of Friendship, Assistance and Co-operation between Belgium and the Congo concluded on June 29, 1960[40]
 Congo, Republic of the Republic Day November 28 1958[41] France Effective date when Congo became an autonomous republic in the French Community[41]
Independence Day August 15 1960[1] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12.[17]
 Costa Rica Independence Day September 15 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Croatia Statehood Day May 30[43] 1990[44] SFR Yugoslavia First session of the Croatian Parliament following the 1990 Croatian parliamentary election.[44] October 8 (when the parliament adopted a decision to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia in 1991) and June 25 (when the parliament voted for independence in 1991) were also celebrated as independence days.[1] After the 2019 changes to the law on public holidays, October 8 is the Parliament Day and June 25 is the Independence Day, but they are memorial days and not public holidays.[43]
 Cuba Commencement of the Wars of Independence[45] October 10 1868[46] Spanish Empire Call to rebellion (known as Grito de Yara) by sugar planter Carlos Manuel de Cespedes that led to the Ten Years' War for independence[47]
 Cyprus National Day April 1 1955[48] United Kingdom 1 April attacks that started the Cyprus Emergency[48]
Independence Day October 1 1960[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the London-Zürich Agreements was August 16, 1960, but the public holiday was moved to October 1 to avoid summer heat and tourist season.[49]
 Czech Republic Independence Day October 28 1918[1] Austria-Hungary Independence declaration by the Czechoslovak National Council[50]
Restoration Day January 1 1993[51] Czechoslovakia Effective date of the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia into Czech Republic and Slovakia[52]
 Denmark None
 Djibouti Independence Day June 27 1977[1] France
 Dominica Independence Day November 3 1978[1] United Kingdom
 Dominican Republic February 27 1821 and 1844 Independence from Spain in December 1821.[53]
Independence re-declared from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
 East Timor May 20 2002 Portugal East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal.
 Ecuador Independence Day August 10 1809[1] Spanish Empire Proclaimed independence on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810.
May 24 1822 Spanish Empire Battle of Pichincha
 Egypt None Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence was issued on February 28, 1922, but Egypt does not celebrate this date.
 El Salvador Independence Day September 15 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Equatorial Guinea October 12 1968 Spain
 Eritrea Independence Day May 24 1991[1] Ethiopia
 Estonia Independence Day February 24 1918[1] Russian Empire Estonian Declaration of Independence
Day of Restoration of Independence[54] August 20 1991[1] Soviet Union[54] Estonian Restoration of Independence
 Eswatini Somhlolo Day September 6 1968[1] United Kingdom
 Ethiopia None
 Fiji Fiji Day October 10 1970[1] United Kingdom Instruments of Independence
 Finland Independence Day December 6 1917[1] Russian Empire Finnish Declaration of Independence
 France None
 Gabon August 16 1960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 15.[17]
 Gambia, The February 18 1965 United Kingdom Effective date of the Gambia Independence Act 1964
 Georgia Independence Day May 26 1918 Russian Empire Day of the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918.
Day of National Unity April 9 1991 Soviet Union
 Germany None
 Ghana Independence Day March 6 1957 United Kingdom
 Greece March 25 1821 Ottoman Empire Declaration of independence 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence.
 Grenada Independence Day February 7 1974 United Kingdom
 Guatemala Independence Day September 15 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Guinea October 2 1958 France
 Guinea-Bissau Independence Day September 24 1973[1] Portugal Declaration of independence during the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence[55]
 Guyana May 26 1966 United Kingdom
 Haiti Independence Day January 1 1804[1] France Haitian Declaration of Independence
 Honduras Independence Day September 15 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Hungary October 23 1989 Opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, and establishment as a democratic parliamentary republic.
 Iceland Independence Day June 17 1944[1] Denmark Effective date of the dissolution of the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union following the 1944 Icelandic constitutional referendum[56]
 India Independence Day August 15 1947 United Kingdom Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947[57]
Republic Day January 26 1950 Nil Date of Enforcement of Constitution of India
 Indonesia Independence Day (Hari Kemerdekaan) August 17 1945[1] Netherlands Proclamation of Indonesian Independence
 Iran April 1 1979 After holding a referendum, Iran officially became an Islamic republic in April 1979.
 Iraq October 3 1932 United Kingdom
 Ireland April 24 1916 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising. Usually celebrated on Easter Monday.
 Israel Yom Ha'atzmaut Iyar 5 (On or between Apr 15 and May 15, depending on the Hebrew calendar). 1948 United Kingdom and the British Mandate for Palestine Israeli Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). Yom Ha'atzmaut is celebrated on the Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it occurs between 3 and 6 Iyar each year; this means that the holiday can fall any time between and including April 15 and May 15, according to the Gregorian calendar.
 Italy None
 Ivory Coast August 7 1960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11.[17]
 Jamaica August 6 1962 United Kingdom Independence of Jamaica
 Japan None
 Jordan Independence Day May 25 1946[1] United Kingdom Ascension of Abdullah I of Jordan to the throne[56]
 Kazakhstan Independence Day December 16 1991 Soviet Union
 Kenya Jamhuri Day December 12 1963 United Kingdom
 Kiribati July 12 1979 United Kingdom
 North Korea Chogukhaebangŭi nal August 15 1945 Empire of Japan Founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948. Korean War 1950–1953.
 South Korea Samiljeol March 1 1919 Empire of Japan Korean Declaration of Independence in 1919. This day is celebrated as Samiljeol, or Independence Proclamation Day.
Gwangbokjeol August 15 1945 Empire of Japan Liberation from the Empire of Japan in 1945. See Japanese Occupation of Korea. The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919. Korean War 1950–1953.
 Kuwait February 25 1961 United Kingdom
 Kyrgyzstan Independence Day August 31 1991 Soviet Union
 Laos None Laos gained autonomy from France on 19 July 1949 and full independence on 22 October 1953,[58] but those days are not celebrated as public holidays in Laos.[59] The National Day on December 2 commemorates the establishment of the Lao People's Democratic Republic in 1975.[60]
 Latvia Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia November 18 1918 Russian Empire and German Empire Proclamation of independence on November 18, 1918. Latvia was part of Russian Empire prior to World War I, but its territory had been ceded to German Empire in March 1918
May 4 1990 Soviet Union On the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia
 Lebanon Independence Day November 22 1943 France
 Lesotho October 4 1966 United Kingdom
 Liberia Independence Day July 26 1847[1] American Colonization Society Liberian Declaration of Independence
 Libya December 24 1951 Italy Independence from Italy on February 10, 1947, released from British and French on December 24, 1951.
 Liechtenstein None
 Lithuania Statehood Restoration Day February 16 1918[1] Russian Empire and German Empire Act of Independence of Lithuania[1]
Independence Restoration Day March 11 1990[1] Soviet Union Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania[1]
 Luxembourg None
 Madagascar June 26 1960 France
 Malawi July 6 1964 United Kingdom
 Malaysia Hari Merdeka August 31 1957[1] United Kingdom Malayan Declaration of Independence
 Maldives July 26 1965 United Kingdom
 Mali September 22 1960 France
 Malta Independence Day September 21 1964 United Kingdom
 Marshall Islands None
 Mauritania November 28 1960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on October 19.[17]
 Mauritius March 12 1968 United Kingdom
 Mexico Grito de Dolores September 16 1810[1] Spanish Empire Start of the Mexican War of Independence
 Micronesia Independence Day November 3 1986 United States Effective date of the Compact of Free Association
 Moldova Independence Day August 27 1991[1] Soviet Union Moldovan Declaration of Independence
 Monaco None
 Mongolia Independence Day December 29[61] 1911 Great Qing[62][63] Independence declared in 1911. However, the newly established Mongolian government was too weak to resist the occupation of the Republic of China in 1919 and later White Russia in early 1921. After ousting Roman von Ungern-Sternberg's forces, the new communist government was officially established on June 11, 1921.[64]
 Montenegro May 21 2006 Serbia and Montenegro 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum
 Morocco Proclamation of Independence Day January 11 1944 France and Spain
Independence Day November 18 1955 France and Spain Return of Mohammed V of Morocco from exile
 Mozambique June 25 1975 Portugal
 Myanmar Independence Day January 4 1948[1] United Kingdom Burmese Declaration of Independence
 Namibia March 21 1990 South Africa
 Nauru January 31 1968 Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom
   Nepal None
 Netherlands, The July 26 1581 Spanish Empire Declaration of Independence in 1581 as the Dutch Republic
 New Zealand None
 Nicaragua Independence Day September 15 1821[1] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America[42]
 Niger Independence Day August 3 1960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11.[17]
 Nigeria Independence Day October 1 1960 United Kingdom
 North Macedonia Independence Day (Den na nezavisnosta) September 8 1991 SFR Yugoslavia
 Norway Constitution Day May 17 1814[1] Denmark National Day: Independence and the Constitution of Norway (May 17, 1814)
Independence Day June 7 1905 Sweden Union Dissolution and Independence Day (June 7, 1905)
 Oman National Day November 18 1650 Portugal
 Pakistan Independence Day (Youm-e-Azadi) August 14 1947 United Kingdom Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947;[65] see also: Pakistan Day (March 23)
 Palau None
 Palestine National Day November 15 1988 Israel Palestinian Declaration of Independence
 Panama November 28 1821 Spain Independence Act of Panama
November 3 1903 Colombia Panama was member of the "Gran Colombia" until 1903. The 1903 separation from Colombia is celebrated as an official holiday day on November 3.
 Papua New Guinea September 16 1975[1] Australia of the former Territory of Papua and New Guinea
 Paraguay Independence Day May 15 1811 Spanish Empire[66]
 Peru Fiestas Patrias July 28 1821 Spanish Empire
 Philippines Independence Day (Araw ng Kalayaan or Araw ng Kasarinlan) June 12 1898[1] Spanish Empire Philippine Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The Philippines achieved self-rule from the United States on July 4, 1946, and celebrated July 4 as Independence Day until 1964.[69]
 Poland Independence Day (Święto Niepodległości) November 11 1918 Russian Empire and German Empire Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
 Portugal Restoration of Independence Day December 1 1640 Spanish Empire Portugal was officially an autonomous state, but the country was in a personal union with the Spanish crown from 1580 to 1640 – date of the restoration of full Portuguese autonomy from Iberian Union with Spain.[70]
 Qatar National Day December 18 1878 Ottoman Empire
Independence from Britain December 18 1971 United Kingdom The former is celebrated more often
 Romania May 9 1877 Ottoman Empire Romania's declaration of its independence, while the ultimately victorious independence war against the Ottoman Empire in 1877–1878 alongside Russia, was just beginning.[71]
 Russia None
 Rwanda Independence Day July 1 1962[1] Belgium Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship[25][26]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Independence Day September 19 1983[1] United Kingdom
 Saint Lucia Independence Day February 22 1979[1] United Kingdom
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence Day October 27 1979[1] United Kingdom
 Samoa June 1 1962[1] New Zealand
 San Marino None
 São Tomé and Príncipe Independence Day July 12 1975[1] Portugal Effective date of the agreement with Portugal reached on November 26, 1974[72][73]
 Saudi Arabia None
 Senegal Independence Day April 4 1960[1] France
 Serbia Statehood Day February 15 1804 Ottoman Empire The beginning of First Serbian Uprising in 1804, it evolved into a Serbian Revolution, war for independence from Ottoman Empire; and the adoption of the first Constitution in 1835.
 Seychelles June 29 1976[1] United Kingdom
 Sierra Leone Independence Day April 27 1961[1] United Kingdom
 Singapore National Day August 9 1965 Malaysia Proclamation of Singapore
 Slovakia July 17 1992 Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
 Slovenia Independence and Unity Day December 26 and June 25 1991 SFR Yugoslavia Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
 Solomon Islands Independence Day July 7 1978[1] United Kingdom
 Somalia Independence Day July 1 1960[1] Italy and United Kingdom Union of the Trust Territory of Somalia (former Italian Somaliland) and British Somaliland to form the Somali Republic. Event commemorated annually.
 South Africa Not a holiday December 11 1931 United Kingdom Independence in 1931 in terms of the Balfour Declaration of 1926 which is not a public holiday. The Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and the Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961 under minority rule during Apartheid. Majority rule achieved on April 27, 1994, which is celebrated annually as the Freedom Day.
 South Sudan Independence Day July 9 2011[1] Sudan
 Spain None
 Sri Lanka Independence Day February 4 1948[1] United Kingdom
 Sudan Independence Day January 1 1956[1] Egypt and the United Kingdom
 Suriname Independence Day November 25 1975[1] Netherlands
 Sweden National Day June 6 1523 Celebrates the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the new constitutions in 1809 and 1974. The election of King Gustav Vasa was the de facto end of the Kalmar Union and has been seen as a formal declaration of independence.
  Switzerland Swiss National Day August 1 1291 Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
 Syria Evacuation Day April 17 1946[1] France End of the French Mandate of Syria in 1946.
 Tajikistan Independence Day September 9 1991[1] Soviet Union
 Tanzania December 9 1961 United Kingdom Independence as Tanganyika
 Togo April 27 1960[1] France
 Tonga June 4 1970 United Kingdom Termination of protectorate status in 1970
 Trinidad and Tobago Independence Day August 31 1962[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962
 Tunisia Independence Day March 20 1956[1] France
 Turkey None Republic Day (October 29) and National Sovereignty and Children's Day (April 23) celebrate the founding of the Republic of Turkey, but are not independence days.
 Turkmenistan Independence Day September 27 1991 Soviet Union[74]
 Tuvalu Independence Day October 1 1978[1] United Kingdom
 Uganda Independence Day October 9 1962[1] United Kingdom
 Ukraine Independence Day August 24 1991 Soviet Union Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
Day of Unity January 22 1919 Russian Republic Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919.[75]
 United Arab Emirates National Day December 2 1971 United Kingdom
 United Kingdom None
 United States Independence Day or Fourth of July July 4 1776[1] Kingdom of Great Britain United States Declaration of Independence
 Uruguay Independence Day August 25 1825[1] United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata Declaration of independence and union with the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.
 Uzbekistan Independence Day September 1 1991[1] Soviet Union
 Vanuatu Independence Day July 30 1980[1] United Kingdom and France
  Vatican City None
 Venezuela Independence Day July 5 1811[1] Spanish Empire Venezuelan Declaration of Independence
 Vietnam Independence Day September 2 1945[1] Japan and France
 Yemen November 30 1967 United Kingdom Declaration of independence as South Yemen
 Zambia Independence Day October 24 1964[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Zambia Independence Act 1964
 Zimbabwe Independence Day April 18 1980[1] United Kingdom Effective date of the Lancaster House Agreement

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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