Day of Restoration of Independence (Azerbaijan)

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Day of Restoration of Independence
Stamp of Azerbaijan 394.jpg
A stamp celebrating the 5th anniversary of independence
Observed by Azerbaijan
TypeState
SignificanceThe day the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR in 1991.
CelebrationsFireworks, Concerts, Parades
Date18 October
Next time18 October 2022 (2022-10-18)
Frequencyannual

The Day of Restoration of Independence (Azerbaijan: Azərbaycanda Müstəqilliyin Bərpası Günü) is the main state holiday in Azerbaijan. It is celebrated annually on October 18. On this day in 1991, the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan adopted a Constitutional Act on the Declaration of Independence of Azerbaijan. The declaration was confirmed by a referendum in December 1991.[1][2][3][4]

Until 2021, it was marked as Independence Day. In October 2021, it was renamed and became Day of Restoration of Independence.[5][6]

Celebrations[edit]

The fifth anniversary celebrations of 1996 were the first major celebrations of the holiday.[7] Large scale celebrations also took place on the 10th anniversary in 2001.[8][9] In 2017, a military parade was held through the capital of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic in honor of the 25th anniversary of the establishment of the first military unit and 26th anniversary of the restoration of independence. The event was attended by the President of Nakhchivan Vasif Talibov and Azerbaijani Defense Minister Zakir Hasanov.[10][11][12]

Connected commemorations with Independence Day[edit]

The second parade of independent Azerbaijan was held on Azadliq Square on October 9, 1992 in commemoration of the first anniversary of the establishment of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces, and was held also in connection with the anniversary of the restoration of independence. In 1998, the inauguration of Heydar Aliyev coincided with the celebration of Independence Day.[13][14] A year later, in 1999, the celebrations of the 75th anniversary of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic were connected with the Independence Day holiday just 6 days later.[15]

Foreign commemorations[edit]

In 2020, Canada's Niagara Falls were lit up in colours of Azerbaijani flag to mark Independence Day.[16] That same year, a Turkish delegation led by Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey Mustafa Sentop visited Baku to participate in the celebrations, in a show of support for Azerbaijan after the Ganja ballistic missile attacks.[17]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Milli Məclis". www.meclis.gov.az. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  2. ^ "День независимости Азербайджана". Calend.ru. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  3. ^ AnydayGuide. "Independence Day in Azerbaijan / October 18, 2017". AnydayGuide. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-10-16. Retrieved 2018-01-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Milli Məclis bayramların adlarını dəyişdi". yenisabah.az. 15 October 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Respublika Günü və Milli Müstəqillik Gününün adları niyə dəyişdirilir?". oxu.az. 8 October 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  7. ^ "Müstəqil Azərbaycan". republic.preslib.az. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
  8. ^ "Welcome to Heydar Aliyevs Heritage Research Center". lib.aliyevheritage.org. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  9. ^ "Welcome to Heydar Aliyevs Heritage Research Center". lib.aliyevheritage.org. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  10. ^ "Nakhchivan marks 25th anniversary of establishment of first military unit, holds military parade".
  11. ^ "Military parade held in Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan [PHOTO]". 19 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Naxçıvanda ilk milli hərbi hissənin yaradılmasının 25-ci ildönümü qeyd olunub, hərbi parad keçirilib-YENİLƏNİB".
  13. ^ "Historical background to the document "Speech of the Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev in his Inauguration Ceremony (October 18, 1998)"". lib.aliyev-heritage.org. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  14. ^ "Speech of the Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev in his Inauguration Ceremony - October 18, 1998". lib.aliyev-heritage.org. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  15. ^ "Welcome to Heydar Aliyevs Heritage Research Center". lib.aliyevheritage.org. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  16. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g4XG_anVnSY
  17. ^ "Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic - NEWS » Receptions". en.president.az. Retrieved 2020-10-19.