Independence Day of the Republic of Moldova

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Independence Day
Independence Day (2003). (30232384881).jpg
Fireworks in Chisinau on Independence Day in 2003.
Observed byMoldova
SignificanceThe day the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
CelebrationsFireworks, Concerts, Parades
Begins1991
DateAugust 27
Next time27 August 2021 (2021-08-27)
Frequencyannual
Related toDeclaration of Independence

The Independence Day (Romanian: Ziua Independenței) is the national day of Moldova commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union on 27 August 1991.[1]

Background[edit]

Independenece Day in 1989
Independence Day in 2016

The Supreme Soviet of Moldova held independent elections in February and March 1990. The elections resulted in Mircea Snegur being elected as speaker of the parliament, with Mircea Druc as prime minister. On June 23, 1990, the parliament adopted the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic, which, mainly stipulated the supremacy of Moldovan laws over those of the Soviet Union.

On 27 August 1991, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova voted to adopt the Moldovan Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union.[2][3] That same day, the Popular Front of Moldova (FPM) organized a mass demonstration in Chişinău, that later became known as the Great National Assembly, which pressured Soviet authorities to adopt a language law on August 31, 1989, which proclaimed the Romanian language to be the state language of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic.[4] On December 21, 1991, Moldova, along with 10 other Soviet republics, signed the act that formed the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

Holiday celebrations[edit]

Being a public holiday it is a free day for most of the people and employees, also most retail businesses and public institutions are closed on 27 August (Independence Day) and New Year's Day, but remain open on all other holidays. On this day, the President of the Republic gives a public speech, and officials lay flowers at the Stephen the Great Monument. a concert is also organized at the Great National Assembly Square. Every 5 years a military parade is held in the center of Chisinau.

In 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Moldova, a national ceremony closed to the public was held in the Historical Hall of the Presidential Palace.[5] That same year, in honor of the 29th anniversary of independence, a Turkish delegation, lead by Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, inaugurated the consulate general of Turkey in Gagauzia, the first consulate opened in the region. He was accompanied by his Moldovan counterpart Oleg Țulea and Gagauzia Governor Irina Vlah.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Moldova celebrates Independence Day
  2. ^ День независимости Республики Молдова
  3. ^ "Декларация о независимости — фальшивый и безграмотный акт". Archived from the original on 2016-08-05. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  4. ^ Legea cu privire la functionarea limbilor vorbite pe teritoriul RSS Moldovenesti Nr.3465-XI din 01.09.89 Vestile nr.9/217, 1989 Archived 2006-02-19 at the Wayback Machine (Law regarding the usage of languages spoken on the territory of the Republic of Moldova): "Moldavian SSR supports the desire of the Moldovans that live across the borders of the Republic, and considering the existing linguistic Moldo-Romanian identity — of the Romanians that live on the territory of the USSR, of doing their studies and satisfying their cultural needs in their native language."
  5. ^ http://president.md/rus/presa/seful-statului-a-participat-la-ceremonia-festiva-de-inaugurare-a-sarbatorii-nationale-ziua-independentei-republicii-moldova
  6. ^ https://www.dailysabah.com/politics/diplomacy/turkey-inaugurates-new-consulate-general-in-moldovasgagauzia/amp

External links[edit]