Independence Monument (Cambodia)

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Independence Monument
Independence Monument in Phnom Penh.jpg
Coordinates11°33′23″N 104°55′41″E / 11.5564°N 104.9281°E / 11.5564; 104.9281Coordinates: 11°33′23″N 104°55′41″E / 11.5564°N 104.9281°E / 11.5564; 104.9281
LocationPhnom Penh, Cambodia
DesignerVann Molyvann
Height37 metres (121 ft)
Beginning date1958
Opening date1962
Dedicated toIndependence from France

The Independence Monument (Khmer: វិមានឯករាជ្យ, pronounced [vimiən ʔaekariəc]) in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, was built in 1958 to memorialise Cambodia's independence from France in 1953. It stands on the intersection of Norodom Boulevard and Sihanouk Boulevard in the centre of the city. It is in the form of a lotus-shaped stupa, of the style seen at the Khmer temple at Banteay Srei and other Khmer historical sites.[1] The Independence Monument was designed by the Cambodian architect Vann Molyvann, who was “personally selected and instructed” by Prince Norodom Sihanouk on how it should look like, combining “the religious and the secular.”[2] It stands 37 metres tall.[3]

During national celebrations, The Independence Monument is the center of activity. A ceremonial flame on the interior pedestal is often lit by a royal or high official on these occasions, and floral tributes line the stairs. Every year, The Independence Monument is visited by foreign tourists and locals alike. Behind the monument is the Norodom Sihanouk Memorial, constructed in 2013.


  1. ^ "The enigma of the Independence Monument". Phnom Penh Post. 7 November 2003. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  2. ^ Roger Nelson, “Phnom Penh's Independence Monument and Vientiane's Patuxai: Complex Symbols of Postcolonial Nationhood in Cold War-Era Southeast Asia." In Monument Culture: International Perspectives on the Future of Monuments in a Changing World, edited by Laura A. Macaluso, London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2019, 35-48 (37, 43).
  3. ^ Norodom, Soma (2016). Royal Rebel. p. 38.