National anthem of Turkmenistan

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Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni
Гарашсыз, Битарап Түркменистаның Дөвлет Гимни
English: National Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan
투르크메니스탄 국가 악보.JPG
National Anthem of Turkmenistan (sheet music)

National anthem of  Turkmenistan
Lyrics collectively
Music Veli Mukhatov
Adopted 1997 (original version)
2008 (current version)
Audio sample
National Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan

Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni (National Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan)[1] is the title of the national anthem of Turkmenistan.

The lyrics were originally written by the first president of Turkmenistan, Saparmurat Niyazov (also known as Turkmenbashi; Turkmen: Türkmenbaşy/Түркменбашы). Niyazov died on 21 December 2006, and two years after his death the reference to Turkmenbashi in the chorus was replaced with the people,[2] among other minor changes to the lyrics, and the chorus was removed from the start of the anthem. The text of the anthem is given here in its present form, followed by the original text from the Niyazov period. The national anthem is played at the start of radio and television broadcasts at 6:55 am and played again when radio and television stations sign off.[3]

The music was composed by Turkmenistani composer Veli Mukhatov (1916–2005),[4] who also composed the State Anthem of the Turkmen SSR.

History[edit]

Until 1997, Turkmenistan, which received independence six years earlier, used the Turkmen SSR anthem without words as the official anthem. The new anthem was adopted on 27 September 1996 by the People's Council of Turkmenistan in Bayramali. The anthem, known by the first sentence of the chorus "The great creation of Turkmenbashi", was used from 1997 to 2008, when it was given minor changes.

Lyrics[edit]

Turkmen IPA transcription English translation

Janym gurban saňa, erkana ýurdum
Mert pederleň ruhy bardyr könülde.
Bitarap, Garaşsyz topragyň nurdur
Baýdagyň belentdir dünýan önünde.

[d͡ʒɑnɯm ʁuɾbɑn θɑŋɑ, eɾqɑnɑ juɾd̪um]
[meɾt̪ ped̪eɾleŋ ɾuxɯ bɑɾd̪ɯɾ kønyld̪e]
[bit̪ɑɾɑp, ʁɑɾɑʃθɯð t̪opɾɑʁɯŋ nuɾd̪uɾ]
[bɑjd̪ɑʁɯŋ belent̪d̪iɾ d̪ynjɑn ønynd̪e]

I am ready to give life for our native hearth
The spirit of ancestors descendants are famous for.
My land is sacred, my flag flies in the world
A symbol of the great neutral country flies,

Halkyň guran baky beýik binasy
Berkarar döwletim, jigerim – janym.
Başlaryň täji sen, diller senasy
Dünýä dursun, sen dur, Türkmenistanym!

[xɑɫqɯɴ ʁuɾɑn bɑqɯ bejik binɑθɯ]
[beɾqɑɾɑɾ d̪øβlet̪im, d͡ʒigeɾim – d͡ʒɑnɯm]
[bɑʃɫɑɾɯŋ t̪æd͡ʒi θen, d̪illeɾ θenɑθɯ]
[d̪ynjæ d̪uɾθun, θen d̪uɾ, t̪yɾkmeniθt̪ɑnɯm]

The forever great creation of the people
The native land, the sovereign state
Forever, the light and song of the soul,
Long live and prosper, Turkmenistan!

Gardaşdyr tireler, amandyr iller
Owal-ahyr birdir bizin ganymyz.
Harasatlar almaz, syndyrmaz siller
Nesiller döş gerip gorar şanymyz.

[ʁɑɾd̪ɑʃd̪iɾ t̪iɾeleɾ, ɑmɑnd̪ɯɾ illeɾ]
[oβɑɫɑxɯɾ biɾd̪iɾ biðin ʁɑnɯmɯð]
[xɑɾɑθɑt̪ɫɑɾ ɑɫmɑð, θɯnd̪ɯɾmɑð θilleɾ]
[neθilleɾ d̪øʃ geɾip ʁoɾɑɾ ʃɑnɯmɯð]

My nation is united and in veins of tribes
Our ancestors' blood, undying flows.
Storms and misfortunes of times are not dreadful for us,
Let us increase fame and honour.

Halkyň guran baky beýik binasy
Berkarar döwletim, jigerim – janym.
Başlaryň täji sen, diller senasy
Dünýä dursun, sen dur, Türkmenistanym!

[xɑɫqɯɴ ʁuɾɑn bɑqɯ bejik binɑθɯ]
[beɾqɑɾɑɾ d̪øβlet̪im, d͡ʒigeɾim – d͡ʒɑnɯm]
[bɑʃɫɑɾɯŋ t̪æd͡ʒi θen, d̪illeɾ θenɑθɯ]
[d̪ynjæ d̪uɾθun, θen d̪uɾ, t̪yɾkmeniθt̪ɑnɯm]

The forever great creation of the people
The native land, the sovereign state
Forever, the light and song of the soul,
Long live and prosper, Turkmenistan!

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkmenistan to the Heights of the Golden Age, Ashgabat, 2005.
  2. ^ Changing the lyrics of the National Anthem.
  3. ^ Turkmen TV Closedown (YouTube)
  4. ^ Nee, Patrick W. (2014-04-04). Key Facts on Turkmenistan: Essential Information on Turkmenistan. The Internationalist. p. 15. 

External links[edit]