India–Malaysia relations

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India–Malaysia relations
Map indicating locations of India and Malaysia



India–Malaysia relations (Hindi: भारत–मलेशिया संबंध; Malay: Hubungan India–Malaysia) refer to bilateral foreign relations between the India and Malaysia. India has a high commission in Kuala Lumpur,[1] and Malaysia has a high commission in New Delhi[2] and a consulate general in Chennai and Mumbai.[3][4] Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations,[5] Asian Union and G15.[6] India and Malaysia are also connected by various cultural and historical ties that date back to antiquity.[7] The two countries are on excellently friendly terms with each other seeing as Malaysia is home to a strong concentration of Indian immigrants. Mahathir Mohammad, the fourth and longest serving Prime Minister of Malaysia has Indian ancestry.[8] On trade front their bilateral trade volume stands at $10.5 billion and is poised to reach $25 billion by 2020.

Following the visit by Prime Minister Najib Razak in 2017, both India and Malaysia agreed to expand co-operation in new chapter in areas like infrastructures development and building of smart cities besides food security as many in the Indian government and their community feel the ties under former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir are much more pro-towards Indian rival of Pakistan.[9]


Ancient relations[edit]

Modern history[edit]

Malaysian Natural Resources Minister G. Palanivel and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi.
Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and Najib Razak at Naypyidaw, Myanmar in 2014.

Official diplomatic relations between both modern states was established in 1957, following the Federation of Malaya independence.[10] Since then, both countries leaders has made several visits to each others.[11]

Economic relations[edit]

From 2000–2013, Malaysia is the 19th largest investor in India with cumulative FDI inflows valued at US$ 618.37 million. More than US$6 billion Malaysian investments also come in the form of telecommunications, healthcare, banking and construction projects.[11] Trade between the two countries has increased from just US$0.6 billion in 1992 to US$13.32 billion in 2012. Beside that, Indian industrial, IT and healthcare companies also investing in Malaysia along with around 150,000 Indians (including 10,000 Indian expatriates) skilled and semi-skilled workers been employed in the country in the sectors of IT, manufacturing and banking.[11] Malaysian companies as well participating in many infrastructure projects across different Indian states.[9]

In 2017, India and Malaysia signed a new business deal amounting to U$36 billion with the exchange of 31 business memorandum of understanding (MoUs), the largest in the history of economic relations between the two countries.[12]

Education relations[edit]

Between the 1960–1970s, around 30,000 Malaysian students have studied in Indian educational institutions, mostly in the medical with over 30% doctors in Malaysia today have been studied in India.[13] The Indian government have also provide scholarship to Malaysian students. Due to many Malaysian medical students need to pursue their education in India, the Manipal Global Education Group agreed to set up their campuses in Malaysia.[13]

Security relations[edit]

Since before the formation of Malaysian federation, many of the country security forces members are trained in India.[14] In counter to the growing Chinese influence, India has expressed to increase military and security co-operation with Malaysia.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Home". High Commission of India in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Official Website of High Commission of Malaysia, New Delhi". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "Official Website of Consulate General of Malaysia, Chennai". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Official Website of Consulate General of Malaysia, Mumbai". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "Commonwealth Secretariat - Member States". Commonwealth of Nations. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  6. ^ The official website adopts the "G-15" orthography (with a hyphen) in order to distinguish an abbreviated reference to this group -- contrasts with other similarly named entities.
  7. ^ "Culture". High Commission of India in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  8. ^ Patrick Pillai (14 October 2015). Yearning to Belong: Malaysia’s Indian Muslims, Chitties, Portuguese Eurasians, Peranakan Chinese and Baweanese. ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute. pp. 24–. ISBN 978-981-4519-67-0. 
  9. ^ a b Elizabeth Roche (1 April 2017). "India, Malaysia vow to strengthen economic ties". Live Mint. Archived from the original on 2 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  10. ^ Malaysia did not come into existence until 1963.
  11. ^ a b c "Bilateral Relations". High Commission of India in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  12. ^ Paul Gabriel (4 April 2017). "Historic day as Malaysia and India ink pacts worth RM158.68bil". The Star. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "Cooperation in the Field of Education". High Commission of India in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "Defence co-operation". High Commission of India in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 

External links[edit]