India at the Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
India at the Olympic Games

Flag of India
IOC code  IND
NOC Indian Olympic Association
Website www.olympic.ind.in
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games
The Indian Hockey team at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, later going on to defeat Germany 8-1 in the final

India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with a lone athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two medals- both silver- in athletics. The nation first sent a team to the Summer Olympic Games in 1920, and has participated in every Summer Games since then. India has also competed at several Winter Olympic Games beginning in 1964.

Overview[edit]

Indian athletes have won a total of 26 medals, all at the Summer Games. For a period of time, India national field hockey team was dominant in Olympic competition, winning eleven medals in twelve Olympics between 1928 and 1980. The run included 8 gold medals total and six successive gold medals from 1928–1956.

Early History[edit]

text
Indian Olympic delegation 1920

India sent its first athlete to the Olympics for the 1900 games, but an Indian national team did not compete at the Olympics until the 1920 Games. Ahead of the 1920 Olympics, Sir Dorab Tata and Governor of Bombay George Lloyd helped India secure representation at the International Olympic Council that allowed it to participate in the Olympic Games. India then sent a national team to the 1920 summer Olympic Games, comprising four athletes, two wrestlers, and managers Bhoot and Fyzee.

In 1923, the All India Olympic Games (that later became the National Games of India) were held at Delhi, and a provisional All India Olympic Committee was formed. A few sportsmen from these games were selected to represent India at the 1924 Paris Olympics: the Indian team at the Paris Olympics included seven athletes and seven tennis players, with Harry Crowe Buck as manager.

India's National Olympic Committee, the Indian Olympic Association (IOA), that was responsible for sending teams to the Olympics, was created in 1927.

In 1928, the Indian Olympic Association selected seven athletes to represent India, with G. D. Sondhi as manager for the team. By this time, the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) had also been established and it sent a hockey team to the Olympics. The national hockey team and additional sportspersons were similarly sent to the Olympic Games in 1932 (four athletes and one swimmer) and 1936 (four athletes, three wrestlers, one Burmese weight-lifter), along with three officials headed by team manager Sondhi.

Thus, India’s Olympic delegation in the early Olympic Games was as follows:

  • 1900: One athlete
  • 1920: Four athletes, two wrestlers, and managers Bhoot and Fyzee
  • 1924: Seven athletes, seven tennis players, and manager Harry Crowe Buck
  • 1928: Seven athletes, a hockey team of 14, and manager G D Sondhi
  • 1932: Four athletes, one swimmer, a hockey team of 15, and three officials headed by manager G D Sondhi
  • 1936: Four athletes, three wrestlers, one Burmese weight-lifter, a hockey team of 19, and three officials including manager G D Sondhi


Later, from 1948 onward, because of the Indian Olympic Association's wider outreach, India began sending teams representing several sports – each selected by its sports federation – to the Olympics.

Recent History[edit]

The 2012 Summer Olympics saw an 83-member Indian contingent participating in the games, and set a new best for the country with six total medals. Wrestler Sushil Kumar became the first Indian with multiple individual Olympic medals since Norman Pritchard in 1900. However, both of Norman Pritchard's medals were silver, while Sushil Kumar had one silver and one bronze.

On 4 December 2012, the IOC banned the IOA due to election issues. The Indian athletes could, however, represent themselves in the Olympics as independent participants. This ban was lifted on 11 February 2014, and all medals won in 2012 were awarded to India.

Medal tables[edit]

Medals by Summer Games[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Greece 1896 Athens did not participate
France 1900 Paris 0 2 0 2 17
United States 1904 St. Louis did not participate
United Kingdom 1908 London did not participate
Sweden 1912 Stockholm did not participate
Belgium 1920 Antwerp 0 0 0 0 -
France 1924 Paris 0 0 0 0 -
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam 1 0 0 1 23
United States 1932 Los Angeles 1 0 0 1 19
Nazi Germany 1936 Berlin 1 0 0 1 20
United Kingdom 1948 London 1 0 0 1 22
Finland 1952 Helsinki 1 0 1 2 26
Australia 1956 Melbourne 1 0 0 1 24
Italy 1960 Rome 0 1 0 1 32
Japan 1964 Tokyo 1 0 0 1 24
Mexico 1968 Mexico City 0 0 1 1 42
Germany 1972 Munich 0 0 1 1 43
Canada 1976 Montreal 0 0 0 0 -
Soviet Union 1980 Moscow 1 0 0 1 23
United States 1984 Los Angeles 0 0 0 0 -
South Korea 1988 Seoul 0 0 0 0 -
Spain 1992 Barcelona 0 0 0 0 -
United States 1996 Atlanta 0 0 1 1 71
Australia 2000 Sydney 0 0 1 1 71
Greece 2004 Athens 0 1 0 1 65
China 2008 Beijing 1 0 2 3 50
United Kingdom 2012 London 0 2 4 6 55
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro
Total 9 6 11 26 37

Medals by Summer Sport[edit]

   Leading in that Sport
Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Field hockey 8 1 2 11 1
Shooting 1 2 1 4 33
Athletics 0 2 0 2 71
Wrestling 0 1 3 4 43
Boxing 0 0 2 2 64
Badminton 0 0 1 1 9
Tennis 0 0 1 1 28
Weightlifting 0 0 1 1

56

Total 9 6 11 26 38

List of medalists[edit]

Medal Name/Team Games Sport Event
 Silver Pritchard, NormanNorman Pritchard France 1900 Paris AthleticsAthletics Men's 200 metres
 Silver Pritchard, NormanNorman Pritchard France 1900 Paris AthleticsAthletics Men's 200 metre hurdles
 Gold National team Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team United States 1932 Los Angeles Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team Nazi Germany 1936 Berlin Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team United Kingdom 1948 London Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team Finland 1952 Helsinki Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Bronze Jadhav, Khashaba DadasahebKhashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav Finland 1952 Helsinki WrestlingWrestling Men's freestyle Bantamweight
 Gold National team Australia 1956 Melbourne Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Silver National team Italy 1960 Rome Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team Japan 1964 Tokyo Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Bronze National team Mexico 1968 Mexico Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Bronze National team West Germany 1972 Munich Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team Soviet Union 1980 Moscow Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Bronze Paes, LeanderLeander Paes United States 1996 Atlanta TennisTennis Men's singles
 Bronze Malleswari, KarnamKarnam Malleswari Australia 2000 Sydney WeightliftingWeightlifting Women's 69 kg
 Silver Rathore, Rajyavardhan SinghRajyavardhan Singh Rathore Greece 2004 Athens ShootingShooting Men's double trap
 Gold Bindra, AbhinavAbhinav Bindra China 2008 Beijing ShootingShooting Men's 10 m Air Rifle
 Bronze Singh, VijenderVijender Singh China 2008 Beijing BoxingBoxing Men's 75 kg
 Bronze Kumar, SushilSushil Kumar China 2008 Beijing WrestlingWrestling Men's 66 kg Freestyle
 Silver Vijay Kumar United Kingdom 2012 London ShootingShooting Men's 25 Rapid Fire Pistol
 Silver Kumar, SushilSushil Kumar United Kingdom 2012 London WrestlingWrestling Men's 66 kg Freestyle
 Bronze Saina Nehwal United Kingdom 2012 London BadmintonBadminton Women's singles
 Bronze Mary Kom United Kingdom 2012 London Boxing Boxing Women's flyweight
 Bronze Narang, GaganGagan Narang United Kingdom 2012 London ShootingShooting Men's 10m Air Rifle
 Bronze Yogeshwar Dutt United Kingdom 2012 London WrestlingWrestling Men's 60 kg Freestyle

See also[edit]

References[edit]