India at the Olympics

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India at the Olympic Games

Flag of India
IOC code  IND
NOC Indian Olympic Association
Website www.olympic.ind.in
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games
The Indian Hockey team at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, later going on to defeat Germany 8-1 in the final

India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with a lone athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two medals- both silver- in athletics. The nation first sent a team to the Summer Olympic Games in 1920, and has participated in every Summer Games since then. India has also competed at several Winter Olympic Games beginning in 1964. Indian athletes have won a total of 28 medals so far, all at the Summer Games. For a period of time, India national field hockey team was dominant in Olympic competition, winning eleven medals in twelve Olympics between 1920 and 1980. The run included 8 gold medals total and six successive gold medals from 1928–1956.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

text
Indian Olympic delegation 1920

India sent its first athlete to the Olympics for the 1900 games, but an Indian national team did not compete at the Olympics until 1920. Ahead of the 1920 Olympics, Sir Dorab Tata and Governor of Bombay George Lloyd helped India secure representation at the International Olympic Council, enabling it to participate in the Olympic Games (see India at the 1920 Olympic Games). India then sent a team to the 1920 Olympics, comprising four athletes, two wrestlers, and managers Sohrab Bhoot and A H A Fyzee. The Indian Olympic movement was then established during the 1920s: some founders of this movement were Dorab Tata, A.G. Noehren (Madras College of Physical Education), H.C. Buck (Madras College of Physical Education), Moinul Haq (Bihar sports associations), S. Bhoot (Bombay Olympic Association), A.S. Bhagwat (Deccan Gymkhana), and G.D. Sondhi (Punjab Olympic Association); Lt.Col H.L.O. Garrett (from the Government College Lahore and Punjab Olympic Association) and Sagnik Poddar (of St.Stephen's School) helped organise some early national games; and prominent patrons included Maharajas and royal princes Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, Ranji of Nawanagar, the Maharaja of Kapurthala, and the Maharaja of Burdwan.

In 1923, a provisional All India Olympic Committee was formed, and in Feb 1924 the All India Olympic Games (that later became the National Games of India) were held to select a team for the Paris Olympics. The Indian delegation at the Paris Olympics comprised seven athletes, seven tennis players and team manager Harry Buck.

In 1927, the provisional Indian Olympic Committee formally became the Indian Olympic Association (IOA)-its main tasks were to promote the development of sports in India, choose host cities for the national games, and send teams-selected from the national games-to the Olympics. Thus, at the 1928 national games, it selected seven athletes to represent India at the next Olympics, with G. D. Sondhi as manager for the Olympic team. By this time, the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) had also been established and it sent a hockey team to the Olympics. The national hockey team and additional sportspersons were similarly sent to the Olympic Games in 1932 (four athletes and one swimmer) and 1936 (four athletes, three wrestlers, one Burmese weight-lifter), along with three officials headed by team manager Sondhi.

From 1948 onward, because of the Indian Olympic Association's wider outreach, India began sending delegations of over 50 sportspersons representing several sports – each selected by its sports federation – to the Olympics. The delegation was headed by a chef-de-mission.

Thus, India’s Olympic delegation in the early Olympic Games was as follows:

  • 1900: One athlete
  • 1920: 6 competitors (four athletes, two wrestlers) and managers Bhoot and Fyzee
  • 1924: 14 competitors (seven athletes, seven tennis players) and manager Harry Crowe Buck
  • 1928: 21 competitors (seven athletes and a hockey team of 14) and manager G D Sondhi
  • 1932: 20 competitors (four athletes, one swimmer, and a hockey team of 15) and three officials headed by manager G D Sondhi
  • 1936: 27 competitors (four athletes, three wrestlers, one Burmese weight-lifter, and a hockey team of 19) and three officials including manager G D Sondhi
  • 1948: 79 competitors and a few officials headed by chef-de-mission Moin ul Haq
  • 1952: 64 competitors and some officials headed by chef-de-mission Moin ul Haq

Recent history[edit]

At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Abhinav Bindra won gold in the Men's 10 metre air rifle event becoming the first Indian to win an individual gold medal at the Olympic Games. Vijender Singh got the country's first medal in boxing with his bronze medal in Middleweight category.

The 2012 Summer Olympics saw an 83-member Indian contingent participating in the games and setting a new best for the country with a total of six medals. Wrestler Sushil Kumar became the first Indian with multiple individual Olympic medals (bronze at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and silver at the 2012 Summer Olympics) since Norman Pritchard in 1900. Saina Nehwal won bronze medal in badminton in Women's singles getting the country's first Olympic medal in badminton. Pugilist Mary Kom became the first Indian woman to win a medal in boxing with her bronze medal finish in Women's flyweight category.

At the 2016 Summer Olympics, a record number of 118 athletes competed. Sakshi Malik became the first Indian woman wrestler to win an Olympic medal with her bronze medal finish in Women's freestyle 58 kg category. Shuttler P. V. Sindhu became the first Indian woman to win a silver medal in Olympics and also the youngest Indian Olympic medallist.

List of competitors[edit]

This list provides a comparative compendium of all the participants/competitors of India in the summer Olympic games.

Games Sports Men Women Total Change  Gold  Silver  Bronze Total Change
1900 1 1 0 1 NA 0 2 0 2 NA
1920 2 6 0 6 +5 0 0 0 0 -2
1924 2 13 2 15 +8 0 0 0 0 0
1928 2 21 0 21 +7 1 0 0 1 +1
1932 3 30 0 30 +9 1 0 0 1 0
1936 3-4 27 0 27 -3 1 0 0 1 0
1948 10 79 0 79 +52 1 0 0 1 0
1952 11 60 4 64 -15 1 0 1 2 +1
1956 8 58 1 59 -5 1 0 0 1 -1
1960 6 45 0 45 -14 0 1 0 1 0
1964 8 52 1 53 +8 1 0 0 1 0
1968 5 25 0 25 -28 0 0 1 1 0
1972 7 40 1 41 +16 0 0 1 1 0
1976 2 20 0 20 -21 0 0 0 0 -1
1980 1 58 18 76 +56 1 0 0 1 +1
1984 48 -28 0 0 0 0 -1
1988 7 46 -2 0 0 0 0 0
1992 5 53 +7 0 0 0 0 0
1996 13 44 4 49 -4 0 0 1 1 +1
2000 7 65 +16 0 0 1 1 0
2004 14 48 25 73 +8 0 1 0 1 0
2008 12 31 25 56 -17 1 0 2 3 +2
2012 13 60 23 83 +27 0 2 4 6 +3
2016 15 66 54 118 +35 0 1 1 2 -4

This list provides a comparative compendium of all the participants/competitors of India in the winter Olympic games.

Games Sports Men Women Total Change  Gold  Silver  Bronze Total Change
1964 1 1 0 1 NA 0 0 0 0 NA
1968 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1988 1 2 1 3 +2 0 0 0 0 0
1992 1 2 0 2 -1 0 0 0 0 0
1998 1 1 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0
2002 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2006 3 3 1 4 +3 0 0 0 0 0
2010 3 3 0 3 -1 0 0 0 0 0
2014 3 3 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0

Medal tables[edit]

Medals by Summer Games[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Greece 1896 Athens did not participate
France 1900 Paris 0 2 0 2[1] 17
United States 1904 St. Louis did not participate
United Kingdom 1908 London did not participate
Sweden 1912 Stockholm did not participate
Belgium 1920 Antwerp 0 0 0 0 -
France 1924 Paris 0 0 0 0 -
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam 1 0 0 1[2] 23
United States 1932 Los Angeles 1 0 0 1[3] 19
Germany 1936 Berlin 1 0 0 1[4] 20
United Kingdom 1948 London 1 0 0 1[5] 22
Finland 1952 Helsinki 1 0 1 2[5] 26
Australia 1956 Melbourne 1 0 0 1[5] 24
Italy 1960 Rome 0 1 0 1[6] 32
Japan 1964 Tokyo 1 0 0 1[7] 24
Mexico 1968 Mexico City 0 0 1 1[8] 42
West Germany 1972 Munich 0 0 1 1[9] 43
Canada 1976 Montreal 0 0 0 0 -
Soviet Union 1980 Moscow 1 0 0 1[10] 23
United States 1984 Los Angeles 0 0 0 0 -
South Korea 1988 Seoul 0 0 0 0 -
Spain 1992 Barcelona 0 0 0 0 -
United States 1996 Atlanta 0 0 1 1[11] 71
Australia 2000 Sydney 0 0 1 1[12] 71
Greece 2004 Athens 0 1 0 1[13] 65
China 2008 Beijing 1 0 2 3[13] 50
United Kingdom 2012 London 0 2 4 6[13] 55
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 1[14] 1[15] 2[16] 67
Total 9 7 12 28

Medals by sport[edit]

  Leading in that Sport
Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Field hockey 8 1 2 11 1
Shooting 1 2 1 4 34
Athletics 0 2 0 2 71
Wrestling 0 1 4 5 43
Badminton 0 1 1 2 9
Boxing 0 0 2 2 64
Tennis 0 0 1 1 30
Weightlifting 0 0 1 1

56

Total 9 7 12 28 51

List of medalists[edit]

Medal Name/Team Games Sport Event
 Silver Pritchard, NormanNorman Pritchard[1][17] France 1900 Paris AthleticsAthletics Men's 200 metres
 Silver Pritchard, NormanNorman Pritchard[1][17] France 1900 Paris AthleticsAthletics Men's 200 metre hurdles
 Gold National team[2] Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team[3] United States 1932 Los Angeles Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team[4] Germany 1936 Berlin Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team[5] United Kingdom 1948 London Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team[5] Finland 1952 Helsinki Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Bronze Jadhav, Khashaba DadasahebKhashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav[5] Finland 1952 Helsinki WrestlingWrestling Men's freestyle bantamweight
 Gold National team[5] Australia 1956 Melbourne Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Silver National team[6] Italy 1960 Rome Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team[7] Japan 1964 Tokyo Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Bronze National team[8] Mexico 1968 Mexico City Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Bronze National team[9] West Germany 1972 Munich Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Gold National team[10] Soviet Union 1980 Moscow Field HockeyField hockey Men's competition
 Bronze Paes, LeanderLeander Paes[11] United States 1996 Atlanta TennisTennis Men's singles
 Bronze Malleswari, KarnamKarnam Malleswari[12] Australia 2000 Sydney WeightliftingWeightlifting Women's 69 kg
 Silver Rathore, Rajyavardhan SinghRajyavardhan Singh Rathore[13] Greece 2004 Athens ShootingShooting Men's double trap
 Gold Bindra, AbhinavAbhinav Bindra[13] China 2008 Beijing ShootingShooting Men's 10 m Air Rifle
 Bronze Singh, VijenderVijender Singh[13] China 2008 Beijing BoxingBoxing Middleweight
 Bronze Kumar, SushilSushil Kumar[13] China 2008 Beijing WrestlingWrestling Men's freestyle 66 kg
 Silver Vijay Kumar[13] United Kingdom 2012 London ShootingShooting Men's 25 Rapid Fire Pistol
 Silver Kumar, SushilSushil Kumar[13] United Kingdom 2012 London WrestlingWrestling Men's freestyle 66 kg
 Bronze Saina Nehwal[13] United Kingdom 2012 London BadmintonBadminton Women's singles
 Bronze Mary Kom[13] United Kingdom 2012 London Boxing Boxing Women's flyweight
 Bronze Narang, GaganGagan Narang[13] United Kingdom 2012 London ShootingShooting Men's 10m Air Rifle
 Bronze Yogeshwar Dutt[13] United Kingdom 2012 London WrestlingWrestling Men's freestyle 60 kg
 Silver P. V. Sindhu[14] Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro BadmintonBadminton Women's singles
 Bronze Sakshi Malik[15] Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro WrestlingWrestling Women's freestyle 58 kg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c N. Kesavan (25 July 2016). "Indian medal winners at Olympics". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "1928 Olympics: India's first step towards ascending hockey throne". The Hindu. 7 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "1932 Olympics games: India's dominance continues". The Hindu. 7 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "1936 Olympics: Hat-trick for India under Dhyan Chand". The Hindu. 8 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Rohan Puri (26 July 2016). "Olympics: Down the memory lane 1940-1956". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "1960 Olympics: Pakistan ends India's dominance". The Hindu. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Gold winning hockey team of 1964 Tokyo Olympics felicitated". The Times of India. 26 November 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "When Indian hockey first went `bronze'". The Hindu. 16 September 2000. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "1972 Olympics: India's golden glory fades". The Hindu. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "1980 Olympics: India sinks Spain for gold". The Hindu. 17 July 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  11. ^ a b Rohit Brijnath (31 August 1996). "Olympics 1996: How Leander Paes won India's first individual Olympic medal in 44 years". India Today. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "Sydney Olympics hero Karnam Malleswari lauds Sakshi Malik, urges her to start preparing for Tokyo Games". India Today. 18 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Rohan Puri (30 July 2016). "Olympics: Down the memory lane 2004-2012". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  14. ^ a b Manoj Bhagavatula (19 August 2016). "Rio 2016 Live: Silver for India's golden girl, Sindhu puts up tough fight". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "Rohtak Zen in Rio zone, Sakshi Malik brings wrestling bronze from Olympics". The Indian Express. 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: PV Sindhu assures India of a second medal, enters women's badminton finals". The Economic Times. 18 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  17. ^ a b "India at the 1900 Paris Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 

External links[edit]