India tribal belt
The India's tribal belts refer to contiguous areas of settlement of tribal people of India which is to say groups or tribes that remained genetically homogenous as opposed to other population groups that mixed widely within the Indian subcontinent.
The Tribal Belt of Northwest India includes the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. The tribal people of this region have origins which precede the ANI (Ancestral North Indian) and the ASI (Ancestral South India). In fact, the origins of these people are thought to stem back to the Harappa civilization of the Indus Valley Civilization, the oldest traceable civilization of the Indian sub-continent which flourished between 3500BC and 2500BC.
The tribes of north-west India were once strong matrilineal societies. The changing fates and fortunes of these people has caused a gradual evolution to a more patriarchal code of living. These days the tribal societies generally follow the rule of patriliny. There are many strong cases of organised matriarchy in existence in the tribal zones to this day. It is the women who organise matters such as relationships and marriages, the inheritance of land, and the distribution of wealth.
Central & Eastern Tribal Belt India
The Central India Tribal Belt stretches from Gujarat in the west up to Assam in the east across the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. It is among the poorest regions of the country. Over 90% of the Belt's tribal population is rural, with primitive agriculture.