India tribal belt
The India's tribal belts refer to contiguous areas of settlement of tribal people of India which is to say groups or tribes that remained genetically homogenous as opposed to other population groups that mixed widely within the Indian subcontinent.
The Tribal Belt of Northwest India includes the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat. The tribal people of this region have origins which precede the ANI (Ancestral North Indian) and the ASI (Ancestral South India). In fact, the origins of these people are thought to stem back to the Harappa civilization of the Indus Valley Civilization, the oldest traceable civilization of the Indian sub-continent which flourished between 3500BC and 2500BC.
The tribes of north-west India were once strong matrillineal societies. The changing fates and fortunes of these people has caused a gradual evolution to a more patriarchal code of living. These days the tribal societies generally follow the rule of patriliny. There are many strong cases of organised matriarchy in existence in the tribal zones to this day. It is the women who organise matters such as relationships and marriages, the inheritance of land, and the distribution of wealth.
South Gujarat Tribal Belt
Southern Tribal Belt popularly known as 'Dang' a forbidden territory covered with thick fortest and amazing landscape, it is mesmerising beautiful region of the South Gujarat - India located on foot hills of sahyadri range of mountains, its has beautiful green pastures, narrow roads, deep valleys, wild animals, In monsoon you can see water springs and covered with green carpet of diverse flora/fauna.
Spread across the lush green region of South Gujarat Tribal Belt said to be Kashmir of Gujarat. Interaction with fun and loving Tribes of Kholcha, Bhel, Nayaka, Koknas, Vedch, Gamits, Warlis, Chaudaris etc. is lifetime experience over here.
It is a Non-Profit Organization under Bombay Trust Act, 1960 (BOM XXIX of 1950) Registration Nos. F(67). It is an NGO Formed by Gandhian philosophers Mr. Premshankar Bhatt in Year 1948 to spread Education in Deep forest of South Gujarat Tribal Belt. It is Registered as Trust Under Bombay Trust Act. It serves by Education empowerment to South Gujarat Tribals through resident school (Ashramshalla) by providing free education, lodging and boarding.
Tribal residing in area were in primitive stage but were aware of Indian Political Development and had quest for knowledge. Request for starting Education program was coming from the Government but no body dare to pickup the challenge. During this 'Dakshin Gujarat Adivasi Sevamandal'under guidance of Premshankar Bhatt and devouring by Urmillaben Bhatt help to spread modern education in the Tribal Belt of Gujarat and today it witnesses the highest literate tribal population in India.
Central & Eastern Tribal Belt India
The Central India Tribal Belt stretches from Gujarat in the west up to Assam in the east across the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. It is among the poorest regions of the country. Over 90% of the Belt's tribal population is rural, with primitive agriculture.