Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute
The Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute is an institute under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) with the mandate for developing new techniques for the design of agricultural experiments as well as to analyze data in agriculture.
The institute specializes in statistical techniques for animal and plant breeding.
Origin and history
In 1930 the, then, Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, started a statistical unit to assist the State Departments of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in planning their experiments, analysis of experimental data, interpretation of results and rendering advice on the formulation of the technical programmes of the Council. This unit was established on the recommendation of Leslie Coleman.
This unit was headed from 1940 by the statistician Dr. P.V.Sukhatme who had studied with Jerzy Neyman in London. The early research was on reliable methods for collecting yield statistics of principal food crops.
Further research in sampling and statistics was initiated and this became a Statistical Branch in 1945. The branch soon acquired international recognition as a centre for research and training in the field of Agricultural Statistics. In 1949 it was named as Statistical Wing of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). In 1952, at the recommendations of Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) experts Dr Frank Yates and Dr D. J. Finney it was expanded and in 1955 it moved to the Pusa campus. On 2 July 1959 it was renamed as the Institute of Agricultural Research Statistics (IARS).
In 1964, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed with the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi and courses in M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees were offered.
In 1964, it was one of the few institutes with a computer, an IBM 1620 Model-II Electronic Computer. In 1970 it became a full institute under the ICAR and the name was changed to Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI) on 1 January 1978.
In 1977, a third generation computer Burroughs B-4700 system was installed in a new building. In 1991-95, the old computers were replaced by new networked PC systems.
- Proceedings of the Board of Agriculture in India. Held at Pusa on the 9th December, 1929 and following days. Calcutta: Government of India. 1931. pp. 23–29.
- Indian education
- P. V. Sukhatme (1966) Major Developments in Sampling Theory and Practice, in F. N. David (ed.) Research Papers in Statistics, New York: Wiley.
- Shashikala Sukhatme (2002) Pandurang V. Sukhatme 1911–1997, Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, 102(1), 3-24.
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