Indian bush lark

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Indian bush lark
MirafraErythroptera.jpg
Indian Bushlark (Mirafra erythroptera)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Mirafra
Species: M. erythroptera
Binomial name
Mirafra erythroptera
Blyth, 1845

The Indian bush lark (Mirafra erythroptera) is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae found in South Asia.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The alternate names "red-winged lark" and "red-winged bush lark" are more commonly used to describe the red-winged lark (M. hypermetra).[2] Other alternate names of the Indian bush lark are Indian lark, Indian red-winged lark, red-winged singing bushlark and rusty-winged lark.

Description[edit]

Indian Bushlark (Mirafra erythroptera)

It is distinguished from Jerdon's bush lark by its shorter bill and legs and longer tail.

The plumage of the Indian bush lark is pale and it has a cheek patch completely bounded by a white supercilium and post-auricular border. The crown and upper-parts are heavily streaked. The pale underparts have large spots on the breast. Most of its wing coverts, tertials and central tail feathers have pale centres. The primary coverts look all brown. The rufous wing bars are diagnostic but care must be taken not to confuse the bird with Jerdon's bush lark in the central Western Ghats and country around where their ranges overlap. Jerdon's bush lark is darker with more rufous on the wings.

It sings from bush tops but does not usually perch on trees or wires. The calls are similar to that of Jerdon's bush lark but are lower and have longer rattling tremolos often falling in pitch.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Indian bush lark is most commonly found in arid areas. It is found in Pakistan and north-western, central and south-central India.

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

The song-flight during the mating season is an amazing spectacle. The bird flutters high over the ground, then holds its wings in an open "V" and "parachutes" down to its perch uttering its song consisting of short tweets and cheeps in three syllables followed by a longer fourth syllable. This combination is repeated till the bird perches again.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Mirafra erythroptera". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Mirafra hypermetra - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-11-28. 
  3. ^ P.C. Rasmussen & J.C. Anderton (2005). Birds of South Asia. The Ripley Guide. Lynx Edicions.