Indian Engineering Services

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The Indian Engineering Services (IES) are the services which cater to the technical and managerial functions of the government of India in the field of engineering. As in most countries, the Indian government recruits its civil servants and officials through competitive examinations. Many candidates take the exams, competing for a limited number of posts. IES officers are selected by the union government on the recommendation of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). A three-stage competitive examination (preliminary, main and personality tests), the Engineering Services Examination (ESE), is conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services.[1]

The ESE is considered one of India's toughest examinations due to its technical nature and low acceptance rate. Its selection ratio is 0.001 (based on 2018 statistics); one person is selected out of every 1,000. Officers in the services are from Indian Institutes of Technology and National Institutes of Technology throughout the country.[2][3][4] IES officers are mandated to manage and conduct activities in diverse technical fields.

Government spending makes up over 15 percent of India's gross domestic product in a broad segment of the economy and infrastructure, including railways, roads, defense, manufacturing, inspection, supply, construction, public works, power, and telecommunications.[5] Appointments to Group A services are made by the President of India, and appointments to Group B services are made by a competent authority of the relevant department.[6]

Civil engineering[edit]

Mechanical engineering[edit]

Electrical engineering[edit]

Electronics and communications engineering[edit]

Functions of officers[edit]

The work performed by these bureaucrats largely depends on their engineering branch and service (or cadre). However, they can move to any cadre, organization, agency, department, ministry or public sector undertaking of the government of India. They are appointed to posts analogous to their present one, either on a fixed-term deputation basis (at least five years and extensible, after which the officer returns to their parent cadre) or an absorption basis where the official leaves the parent cadre for the new one.[7][8]


Candidates must be a citizen of India or Nepal or a subject of Bhutan, or a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

The minimum educational requirement is a bachelor's degree in engineering (B.E. or B.Tech) from a recognised university or the equivalent. An M.Sc. degree or equivalent with wireless communications, electronics, radio physics or radio engineering as special subjects is also acceptable for certain services or posts.[9]

The age range is 21–30 years on 1 January of the year of the Engineering Services Examination.[9] The upper age limit is relaxed as follows:

  • A maximum of three years for Other Backward Class candidates (non-creamy layer only)
  • A maximum of four years for Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and discharged as a consequence
  • A maximum of five years for:
    • Candidates belonging to a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe
    • Candidates who resided in Jammu and Kashmir from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1989
    • Ex-servicemen (including commissioned officers and ECOs or SSCOs) with at least five years of military service by 1 August
    • Candidates already in a permanent post of the Central Government Engineering Department


Candidates are required to apply on the UPSC website. The application fee for general-category male candidates is ₹200. No fee is required for female and reserved-category applicants. Stage 1 of the test is conducted during the first week of January; Stage 2 is conducted in June and July across India. The government of India changed the Engineering Services Examination in 2017.

Revised examination
Stage Type Time Marks
I General studies and engineering aptitude paper 2 hours 200 (maximum)
Engineering discipline-specific paper 3 hours 300 (maximum)
II Discipline-specific paper I 3 hours 300 (maximum)
Discipline-specific paper II 3 hours 300 (maximum)
III Personality test 200 (maximum)

Candidates who qualify at Stage I are permitted to appear for the Stage II examination, and those who qualify at Stage II are permitted to appear for the Stage III examination. Candidates qualifying at all three stages are included on the examination's final merit list. The maximum score is 1300.

The personality test is an interview which assesses the candidate's suitability for a career in public service by a board of unbiased observers. The interview also assess social traits and interest in current affairs. Qualities judged include mental alertness, critical ability, clear and logical exposition, judgment, variety and depth of interests, social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity.

Notable officers[edit]


  1. ^ "702 candidates clear Indian Engg Services exam | Business Standard News". 28 February 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Civil services, IES has large contingent from IIT-Delhi". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  3. ^ "IDSE". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  4. ^[dead link]
  5. ^ "IES opens new avenues for young engineers - Tirupati". The Hindu. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  6. ^ "CCS (CCA) Rules". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Welcome to". UPSC. 15 September 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Central Staffing Scheme 2008-List of Services". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ a b "The Tribune - Windows - Main Feature". 18 November 2000. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  11. ^ "How India missed another Nobel Prize - India News". 12 October 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  12. ^ "First Indian group to scale Mt Everest feted | Zee News". 9 April 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Youngest and first: Indian Everest conquerors meet - India News". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  14. ^ "AI's new chief features in record books, has garden named after him - Business". 20 August 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Ashwani Lohani in Limca Book | India". Hindustan Times. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Rifle Factory Ishapore welcomes you". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  17. ^ "Padma Shri Awardees". Government of India. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  18. ^ "C-DOT celebrates Foundation Day".
  19. ^ "Remembering founder executive director of C-DoT GB Meemamsi - ET Telecom".

External links[edit]