Indian Institute of Astrophysics

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Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore
IIA Logo
Type Research Institution
Established 1786
Director Prof. Jayant Murthy[1]
Location Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Campus Urban
Website http://www.iiap.res.in

The Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), with its headquarters in Bangalore (Karnataka state), is a premier National Research Institute of India. IIA conducts research primarily in the areas of astronomy, astrophysics and related subjects. It is widely recognised as a leading research center for Astrophysics in India.

The institute has a network of laboratories and observatories in India, including Kodaikanal (the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory), Kavalur (the Vainu Bappu Observatory), Gauribidanur, Hanle (the Indian Astronomical Observatory) and Hosakote.

IIA contributed to Astrosat, India's first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory. The Astrosat project is a collaborative effort of many different research institutions from India.

Areas of research[edit]

Researchers at IIA work on a diverse set of topics related to Astronomy and Astrophysics. However, the research can be broadly classified under the following areas:

History[edit]

The origin of Indian studies in astronomy can be traced to a private observatory established by William Petrie (died: 1816), an officer of the East India Company. He set up that private observatory in his residence located in Egmore, Chennai (formerly Madras), India. The main aim of the observatory, according to Petrie, was

"to provide navigational assistance to the company ships and help determine the longitudes by observing the eclipses of Moon and satellites of Jupiter".

In 1790, this private observatory was taken over by the East India Company, with Michael Topping (1747–96) as an astronomer. In 1792, the observatory was expanded and shifted to a complex in Nungambakkam area of Chennai. This was the first modern observatory outside Europe.

Presently, the Indian Institute of Astrophysics functions under the control of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.


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See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Director's Page | Indian Institute of Astrophysics". Iiap.res.in. 2007-06-25. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
  2. ^ "History - Indian Institute of Astrophysics". iiap.res.in.
  3. ^ Our Special Correspondent (2008-07-03). "The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) | Metro | CU course in astronomy". Telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
  4. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/bangalore/report-bangalore-based-startup-aims-for-the-skies-2007606
  5. ^ Safonova, M., Mathew, J., Mohan, R. et al. Astrophys. Space Sci. (2014) 353: 329
  6. ^ Joice Mathew, Ajin Prakash, Mayuresh Sarpotdar, A. G. Sreejith, Margarita Safonova & Jayant Murthy. Proc. SPIE 9905, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 990532 (July 18, 2016)
  7. ^ Mayuresh Sarpotdar, Joice Mathew, Margarita Safonova and Jayant Murthy. Proc. SPIE 9915, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VII, 99152K (August 5, 2016)
  8. ^ Mathew, J., Prakash, A., Sarpotdar, M. et al. Astrophys. Space Sci. (2017) 362: 37. doi:10.1007/s10509-017-3010-6
  9. ^ Astrophysics and Space Science. 362 (2) https://link.springer.com/journal/10509/362/2/page/1. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°16′47″N 77°10′48″E / 14.27972°N 77.18000°E / 14.27972; 77.18000