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IIT (BHU) Varanasi

Coordinates: 25°16′7″N 82°59′25″E / 25.26861°N 82.99028°E / 25.26861; 82.99028
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Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi
भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान (का.हि.वि.) वाराणसी
Seal of the IIT-BHU
Former names
Banaras Engineering College (BENCO) (1919)
College of Mining and Metallurgy (MINMET) (1923)
College of Technology (TECHNO) (1932)
Institute of Technology (IT-BHU) (1968)
संस्कार ही शिक्षा
Motto in English
Education is Character[1]
TypePublic technical university
Established1919; 105 years ago (1919)
ChairmanKota Harinarayana[2]
DirectorAmit Patra[3]
Academic staff
Location, ,

25°16′7″N 82°59′25″E / 25.26861°N 82.99028°E / 25.26861; 82.99028
CampusUrban, 425 acres (172 ha) part of larger 1,300 acres (530 ha) BHU Campus
Colours  Cannon Pink
  Totem Pole

Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University) Varanasi[5] (IIT-BHU) is a public technical university located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Founded in 1919 as the Banaras Engineering College, it became the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University in 1968. It was later designated an Indian Institute of Technology in 2012.[6][7] IIT (BHU) Varanasi has 16 departments, 3 inter-disciplinary schools and 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Section. It is located inside the Banaras Hindu University Campus.


IIT (BHU) Varanasi has formerly been known as the Banaras Engineering College (BENCO), the College of Mining and Metallurgy (MINMET), the College of Technology (TECHNO) and the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (IT-BHU). Its establishment is intimately linked with that of the Banaras Hindu University (BHU). The first convocation ceremony at BHU was held on 2 December 1920.[8] BHU has the credit of first starting degree classes in Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Mining Engineering and Pharmaceutics, thanks to the foresight of its founder, Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya.

Department of Electrical Engineering IIT(BHU), Varanasi

The Department of Geology was started under BENCO in 1920. The Geology Department introduced courses in Mining and Metallurgy. The Department of Industrial Chemistry was started in July 1921. In 1923, Mining and Metallurgy were established as separate departments and in 1944, they were raised to the status of a college forming the College of Mining and Metallurgy (MINMET).[8]

IIT (BHU) commemorated on a 2019 stamp of India.

In 1968, BENCO, TECHNO and MINMET were merged and the Institute of Technology (IT-BHU) was established integrating the departments of Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Civil and Municipal Engineering, Mining Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Technology, Silicate Technology and Pharmaceutics. The Department of Silicate Technology subsequently became the Department of Ceramic Engineering. A Department of Electronics Engineering was also established.[8] The departments of Applied Physics, Applied Mathematics and Applied Chemistry were established in 1985.

The earlier system of regional admission based on merit lists was replaced in 1972 by admission through Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE) for undergraduate courses and Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) for postgraduate courses. In the tenth meeting of the IIT Council in 1972, it was also proposed to convert the then IT-BHU into an IIT and a committee was appointed by the IIT Council for the purpose but because of political reasons, the desired conversion could not be achieved then.[9]

In 2003, Committees constituted by MHRD (Professors Joshi and Anand Krishnan Committees)[10] had recommended for the conversion of the Institute into an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT).[11] On 17 July 2008, the government of India issued a press release granting "In principle approval for taking over the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University – a constituent unit of the Banaras Hindu University, a Central University, its conversion into an Indian Institute of Technology and integrating it with the IIT system in the country."[12] The BHU Executive Council approved the proposal of the HRD ministry to convert IT-BHU to IIT (BHU) Varanasi, retaining academic and administrative ties to BHU.

On 4 August 2010 a bill seeking to amend the Institutes of Technology Act 1961 to declare IT-BHU an IIT was introduced in the Lok Sabha by Minister of State for HRD, D. Purandeswari.[13][14][15] The Lok Sabha passed The Institutes of Technology (Amendment) Act, 2011 on 24 March 2011[16] and the Rajya Sabha on 30 April 2012, thereby formalizing the IIT status of the institute.[17] The Bill was signed by the President of India on 20 June 2012 and notified in the gazette on 21 June.[18] The Department of Architecture, Planning and Design was set up in the Institute in collaboration with IIT Roorkee, beginning its academic activities in the session 2019–2020. The first cohort of students consisted of 20 students admitted into the five-year programme through the JEE Advanced exam.[19]

The institute celebrated its centenary year in 2019–2020. It organized a global alumni meet and other cultural events during the celebration. The 80-year-old BENCO chimney was also re-erected to commemorate the institute's completion of a century.[20]

Organisation and administration[edit]


All IITs follow the same organisational structure which has the president of India as the visitor at the top of the hierarchy. Directly under the president is the IIT Council. Under the IIT Council is the board of governors of each IIT. Under the board of governors is the director, who is the chief academic and executive officer of the IIT. Under the director, in the organizational structure, comes the deputy director. Under the director and the deputy director, come the deans, the heads of various departments, and the registrar.

However, IIT-BHU has special provisions under The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, where the executive council of Banaras Hindu University can nominate the Vice Chairman, as well as two members of the board. According to Kapil Sibal, the then HRD Minister, the purpose of such a system was to maintain the integrity of the Banaras Hindu University, and to maintain the linkage between the two (the university and IIT), and ensuring the cross-disciplinary research.[21]


Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) has 11 engineering departments, 3 science departments, 3 schools, and a humanities department:[22]

Engineering Departments Schools Science Departments Humanities Department

Courses are offered in:

  1. English
  2. History
  3. Philosophy
  4. Linguistics
  5. Sociology


Undergraduate programme[edit]

IIT (BHU) Varanasi offers four-year instructional programs for the degree of Bachelor of Technology (BTech) and five-year programs for Integrated Dual Degree (IDD). The IDD program offers both BTech and MTech degrees. Admission to all programs is expressly through the Joint Entrance Examination – Advanced conducted by the Indian Institutes of Technology.[24] Earlier half of the intake for Pharmaceutical sciences was through JEE and the other half through BHU-PMT. But after the college was converted into an IIT, intake for BTech and the IDD in Pharmaceutical sciences (now Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology) is exclusively through Joint Entrance Examination - Advanced.

Postgraduate programme[edit]

Postgraduate courses offer Master of Technology (MTech) and PhD degrees. Admissions to the MTech program are made through the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) conducted jointly by Indian Institute of Science and Indian Institutes of Technology.[25] For admission into the various PhD courses, one can apply through the official institute website. The application brochure is released on the same.


The admission of students to the institute is through JEE Advanced for undergraduate courses and Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) or Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) for postgraduate courses. From 2013, admission to undergraduate programs is based on a two-tier test called (1) Mains and (2) Advanced.[26] In addition, the students qualifying through JEE (Advanced) need to be in the top 20 percentile of the respective categories and/or have secured 75% or above in the qualifying exam conducted by the boards of their respective state/UT.


University rankings
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2022)[27]29
Engineering – India
NIRF (2022)[28]13

Among engineering colleges, IIT (BHU) Varanasi was ranked 15 by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2023[29] and 31 overall.[30]

Library facilities[edit]

IIT (BHU) Varanasi has a Main Library and five independent departmental libraries. The main library has a collection of books across streams in engineering, science, and technology, along with a host of books in humanities, social sciences, and literary fiction.

The library has about 1,38,000 volumes of books,[citation needed] journals, theses, reports, and pamphlets. Basic facilities like circulation, scanning, printing, and photocopying amenities are also available in this Wi-Fi-enabled library. The library has a sitting capacity of more than 600 students. The faculty and students can have access to these facilities by registering themselves.

Reading Hall-I, Main Library, IIT (BHU)

The library permits access to nearly 8000 e-journals, 25,000 standards and more than 30,000 electronic books and databases. It has an excellent collection of bound volumes of old (Since 1918) and new periodicals, codes standards, etc. The library also maintains an online repository containing student thesis and publications, transcripts and event videos, available on the Institute intranet.[31] Apart from this, students also enjoy access to the central and cyber library of Banaras Hindu University.

Student life[edit]


The IIT (BHU) Gymkhana, housed in Kings' Pavilion, is the primary hub of all extracurricular activities in the institute.

The Gymkhana functions through its five councils:

  1. Games and Sports Council
  2. Cultural Council
  3. Science and Technology Council
  4. Film and Media Council
  5. Social Service Council

These councils are headed by their respective Counsellors who work in close coordination with the Dean (Student Affairs). On the student side, each council has a General Secretary and two Joint General Secretaries, with each club being headed by a Secretary and two Joint Secretaries. The councils also organize different festivals in the college annually.


IIT BHU has four main student-organised festivals:

  • Technex is the annual techno-management festival of IIT BHU and Asia's oldest techno-management fest.
  • Kashiyatra is the annual socio-cultural festival
  • Spardha is the annual sports festival
  • FMC Weekend is the annual film and media festival

Apart from these, there are several departmental festivals. IIT BHU also participates in Banaras Hindu University's Inter-college festival Spandan[32][33] which is held annually in February.

Institute Magazine[edit]

The institute newsletter, IIT BHU Connect is a bi-yearly magazine that features in-depth cover stories, recently organized events, adopted proposals, and technical advances and helps promote the Institute beyond the boundaries of the university. Having been initiated in 2016, six editions have been published so far which received mostly positive reviews.[citation needed] It is run by a student team of around twenty students with one Student Editor.


Malaviya Centre for Innovation, Incubation and Entrepreneurship (MCIIE) was established in 2008. The objective of MCIIE is to produce successful firms that will leave the program financially viable. Incubator tenants benefit from business and technical assistance and official affiliation with the incubator, a supportive community with an entrepreneurial environment, a direct link to entrepreneurs, and immediate networking and commercial opportunities with other tenant firms.[34] The various programmes under MCIIE include:

  • Open Learning Programme in Entrepreneurship (OLPE)
  • Entrepreneurship Development and Awareness Programs
  • Technology Business Incubator (TBI) sponsored by National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board, DST, New Delhi.


IIT (BHU) Varanasi has produced alumni who made a mark for themselves in the fields of technology, business, politics, and arts, among other fields. Alumni interactions are maintained by the Student Alumni Interaction Cell (SAIC) under the aegis of the Dean of Resources and Alumni. IIT BHU has multiple alumni organisations including IIT BHU Global Alumni Association (IBGAA) and the Association of IITBHU Alumni (AIBA).

Some notable alumni include:

Alma Communiqué[edit]

The Alma Communiqué is the official alumni newsletter of IIT (BHU), Varanasi prepared by the Office of Dean (Resource and Alumni) and the Student Alumni Interaction Cell (SAIC).[44] It is a monthly newsletter (previously bi-annual), which aims to apprise the alumni of the various happenings in IIT (BHU), Varanasi.

IIT (BHU) Chronicle[edit]

The IIT (BHU) Chronicle is a monthly e-magazine published by the IITBHU Global Alumni Association. It was first published in May 2005.[45] It provides an account of events at the institute as well as notable achievements of members of the alumni community. It also publishes news and articles, sourced from several published sources, stating recent developments around the world. The magazine is published around the 25th of each month. It is emailed to over 11,000 alumni, students and faculty of the institute.[46]


On 2 November 2023, around 01:30 AM three men on a motorcycle harassed and gang raped a girl student.[47] Following this, massive protests broke out at IIT BHU demanding safety and security for students.[48][49][50][51][52] On 31 December 2023, Varanasi Police arrested three accused who are said to be the officials of the BJP IT Cell.[47]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Official Logo". IIT-BHU. Retrieved 1 November 2023.
  2. ^ "Administration". IIT-BHU. Retrieved 26 October 2023.
  3. ^ https://indianexpress.com/article/education/new-directors-appointed-to-iit-kanpur-bhu-guwahati-dhanbad-jodhpur-goa-9278673/
  4. ^ a b c d e "NIRF 2023" (PDF). IIT (Banaras Hindu University) Varanasi.
  5. ^ "Institutions | Government of India, Ministry of Education". www.education.gov.in. Retrieved 6 November 2023.
  6. ^ Ministry of Law and Justice (Legislative Department) (21 June 2012). "IT-Amendment-Act-2012" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  7. ^ "IIT-BHU's first alumni meet from December 30". The Times of India. 18 September 2015.
  8. ^ a b c "History of the University". Banaras Hindu University. Archived from the original on 13 March 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  9. ^ "Minutes of 10th Meeting of IIT Council" (PDF). iitsystem.ac.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  10. ^ Urmi A Goswami (8 May 2007). "The Economic Times: Wait Longer for IIT-level engg colleges". The Economic Times. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  11. ^ "Rediff: Turn BHU-IT into full fledged IIT". Inhome.rediff.com. 18 November 2005. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  12. ^ "Setting up of eight new Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and conversion of IT-BHU into an IIT". pib.nic.in (Press release). Government of India. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  13. ^ "Bill to declare IT-BHU as IIT introduced in LS". ibnlive.in.com. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  14. ^ "Cabinet approves changes in IIT amendment bill". deccanherald.com. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  15. ^ "LOK SABHA, REVISED LIST OF BUSINESS" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2011.
  16. ^ "BHU's Institute of Technology gets IIT status". The Times of India. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  17. ^ "Parliament passes IIT bill – Economic Times". indiatimes.com. 30 April 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  18. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ Press Trust of India (14 June 2019). "IIT Roorkee to assist IIT BHU in setting up new Architecture and Pl' | Business Standard News". Business Standard India. Business-standard.com. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  20. ^ "IIT-BHU Scientists among top-2% | News 20-20% %". News 20-20. 5 November 2020. Archived from the original on 5 November 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Finally,IIT tag for IT-BHU".
  22. ^ "Departments and schools in IIT (BHU), Varanasi".
  23. ^ "IIT(BHU) alumnus donates ₹5cr for School of Decision Sciences & Engg". The Times of India. 18 February 2022. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 15 June 2023.
  24. ^ "Admissions". IT-BHU. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  25. ^ Administrator (9 May 2010). "Academic Programme". Iitbhu.ac.in. Archived from the original on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  26. ^ "Joint Entrance Examination (Advanced) – 2013 (JEE (Advanced) – 2013)". Jee.iitd.ac.in. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  27. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2022 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 15 July 2022.
  28. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2022 (Engineering)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 15 July 2022.
  29. ^ "MoE, National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)". nirfindia.org. Retrieved 15 June 2023.
  30. ^ "MoE, National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)". nirfindia.org. Retrieved 15 June 2023.
  31. ^ Administrator. "Collection". iitbhu.ac.in. Archived from the original on 2 March 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  32. ^ "Five-day fest 'Spandan' begins at BHU today". The Times of India. TNN. 22 February 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  33. ^ "spandan celebration in bhu varanasi – बीएचयू : 'स्पंदन' में आतंकवाद के खिलाफ युवाओं की हुंकार, उत्सव का औपचारिक आगाज". Jagran.com. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  34. ^ Express news service (13 February 2008). "Tbi at Itbhu". Expressindia.com. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  35. ^ "Tesla's CFO is retiring – for the second time". Business Insider. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  36. ^ Malhotra, Inder (29 July 2002). "Krishan Kant". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  37. ^ "Manoj Sinha Biography – About family, political life, awards won, history". Elections in India. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  38. ^ "Jay Chaudhry". Forbes. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  39. ^ "IITBHUGlobal.org: The Chronicle: Interview with Varun Grover (Civil 2003). published by Colors website". Itbhuglobal.org. 2 June 2012. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  40. ^ Aswajith mp (5 January 2014). "6 IIT Engineers in BollyWood. | ASWAJITH ONLINE". Jithumpa.com. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  41. ^ "'Bahut achcha hai, par slow hai': National Award winning lyricist Varun Grover recalls initial reactions to 'Moh Moh Ke Dhaage' – News18". Ibnlive.com. 28 March 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  42. ^ "The Chronicle: Scientist Kota Harinarayan (Mechanical 1965) conferred with Lokmanya Tilak award". ITBHUGlobal.org. 14 August 2011. Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  43. ^ "Management team – Company". Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  44. ^ "DORA – Announcements | Indian Institute of Technology(BHU)". iitbhu.ac.in. Archived from the original on 2 March 2021. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  45. ^ "About IIT-BHU Chronicle". IIT-BHU Global Alumni Association. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  46. ^ "About IT-BHU Chronicle". IT-BHU Global Alumni Association. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  47. ^ a b "BJP IT cell duo among 3 held for IIT-BHU girl's gang rape". The Times of India. 1 January 2024.
  48. ^ "'They kissed, disrobed her, made video': IIT-BHU girl alleges molestation on campus". The Times of India. 3 November 2023.
  49. ^ "IIT-BHU student alleges molestation on campus, thousands stage protest". The Indian Express. 2 November 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  50. ^ "IIT-BHU Student 'Forcibly Kissed', 'Stripped Naked' as Accused Record Video; Massive Protest on Campus". News18. 2 November 2023. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  51. ^ Gupta, Saurav. "Kissed, Stripped, Clicked! IIT-BHU Student's Molestation Sparks Outrage". News24. Retrieved 2 November 2023.
  52. ^ "VIDEO: IIT-BHU Student Forcibly Kissed By 3 Men on Bike in Campus, Hundreds of Students Stage Protest". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 2 November 2023.

53. NIRF Ranking 2020-Top 10 University list IISc, JNU, and BHU Best Universities Archived 2 July 2020 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]