Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
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|भारतीय तांत्रिक संस्था
भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान
|Motto||ज्ञानम् परमम् ध्येयम्
(jñānam paramam dhyeyam)
Motto in English
|Knowledge is the Supreme Goal|
|Director||Prof. Devang Khakhar|
|Location||Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Campus||Urban, spread over 550 acres (2.2 km2) in North Central Mumbai|
The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (abbreviated IITB or IIT Bombay) is a public engineering and research institution located in Powai, Mumbai, India. In the QS World University Rankings 2014, IIT Bombay was ranked as India’s top university. It is the second-oldest (after Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur) institute of the Indian Institutes of Technology system.
IIT Bombay was founded in 1958. In 1961, the Parliament decreed IITs as Institutes of National Importance. A high-power committee of Government of India recommended in 1946 establishment of four higher institutes of technology to set the direction for the development of technical education in the country. Planning for the Institute at Mumbai began in 1957 and the first batch of 100 students was admitted in 1958. Since its establishment in Powai, the institute has physically expanded to include more than 584 major buildings with a combined area of more than 2.396 gross square feet (550 acres or 2.22 km²).
IIT Bombay has a comprehensive graduate program offering doctoral degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Currently IIT Bombay has a total of 14 academic departments, six centers, one school, and three interdisciplinary programmes. Over the last 53 years, around 39,000 engineers and scientists have graduated from the institute. Educational programmes here extend beyond the physical sciences and engineering into humanities and social sciences such as Economics, English, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology and into management studies. Over the years, the institute has also created a niche for its innovative short-term courses through continuing education and distance education programmes.
IIT Bombay was the second IIT to be established in 1958 with assistance from UNESCO and with funds contributed by the Soviet Union. UNESCO agreed to provide equipment and technical experts mainly from the Soviet Union, while the Government of India accepted the responsibility for all other expenses including the cost of the building project and recurring expenses. The site chosen for the institute was Powai, eighteen miles (29 km) from the city of Mumbai (then Bombay), with an area of 550 acres (2.2 km2) which was given by the then Bombay State Government. While construction was being completed, the first academic session of the Institute opened on 25 July 1958, in its temporary home at the Synthetic and Art Silk Mills Research Association (SASMIRA) building in Worli, Mumbai with 100 students. These students were selected from over 3,400 applicants for admission to the first year undergraduate engineering programmes of Aerospace, Chemical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Engineering Physics, Energy, Mechanical, Metallurgical Engineering and MSc Chemistry. One of the main objectives of establishing the Institute was to develop facilities for studies in a variety of specialised engineering and technological sciences. The need for establishing adequate facilities for postgraduate studies and research was kept uppermost in mind in the founding years.
While the Institute was functioning provisionally at Worli, an effort was made to expedite the progress of the building project at its permanent location and Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone of the Institute at Powai on 10 March 1959.
The IIT Bombay campus is located at Powai, a suburb in north eastern Mumbai, between the Vihar and Powai lakes. The campus is divided into clusters of buildings. The academic area chiefly comprises the main building, various departmental annexes and auditoria. All department annexes are connected by a corridor named Infinite Corridor. Beyond the Convocation Hall lie most of the hostels. There are a total of 16 hostels, of which two hostels (Hostels 10 and 11) and a part of the newly constructed hostel (Hostel 15) are for female students.
Due to its proximity to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the campus has significant green cover and is mostly untouched by the pollution of the rest of the city. The proximity of the campus to the national park has also led to occasional sightings of panthers, Leopards and Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) crocodiles along the banks of Lake Powai. Sometimes they stray into the campus in chase of hunt.
The institute has two swimming pools; football, hockey and cricket grounds; and tennis, basketball, squash and volleyball courts. It also has a Students' Activity Center (SAC) for various cultural and other extracurricular activities. In addition to these facilities, the campus also houses two high schools, one of which is a Kendriya Vidyalaya and the other is called IIT Campus School.
Cultural and non-academic activities
The annual Science & Technology festival of IIT Bombay, Techfest, which was started in 1998, is held in the month of December every year and is Asia's largest science and tech festival. It comprises various events like competitions, exhibits and talks from guest speakers from around the world. Techfest 2009 was also the first event of its kind in India to conduct its events in other countries.
The annual cultural festival Mood Indigo, usually held in the month of December is an event hosted by the student body and is the Asia's largest college cultural festival. The most attractive feature of this 4-day event are the influential personalities who have graced the festival like R D Burman, Aamir Khan, Sir Mark Tully, Sachin Tendulkar, Porcupine Tree, Simple Plan, Mike Portnoy and many more. The organization is known for holding the best cultural competitions, games and musical concerts to draw out the best talent in the country.
Cultural activities like dramatics, Speaking, Literary Arts, Music and Fine Arts also mark an important feature in the life of a student of IIT Bombay. Speaking and Literary Arts have always been very popular in the student community with students actively participating in quizzing, writing and debating activities. IIT Bombay has won the prestigious National Law School Parliamentary Debating Tournament.
Apart from cultural and technological activities, the campus is also involved in business activities with bodies like The Entrepreneurship Cell, which support the growth of startups across the globe.
Apart from these festivals, various other engineering streams based festivals are also being organised to motivate students towards Science and Technology. These include Radiance (Mechanical Engineering), Zephyr (Aerospace Engineering), AZeotropy (Chemical Engineering), Padarth (Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science), Aavriti (Electrical Engineering) and recently, Aakaar (Civil Engineering).
At the institutional level, IIT Bombay is governed by a Board of Governors with a chairman nominated by the Visitor, the Director as a member and the Registrar as secretary. Besides this, there are four persons having specialised knowledge or practical experience in respect of education, engineering or science nominated by the Council. Two professors are nominated by the Senate. Additionally, one technologist or industrialist of repute is nominated by the Government of each of the States of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
For all academic matters, the Senate is the authority having control and responsibility for the maintenance of standards of instruction, education and examinations and all other allied academic matters. The Senate is mainly constituted of all the professors of the Institute and the Director is the chairman.
The key people in the execution of the Institute's activities are the Director and Deputy Director who are assisted by Dean (Research and Development), Dean (Planning), Dean (Students Affairs), Dean (Academic Programmes) and Dean (Resources Development), and the Heads of the Departments, Centres and Schools. The Administration is managed by the Registrar, with senior administrative officers being assigned for specific areas such as Estate Management, Materials Management, Personnel Management, Finance and Accounts, and Academic Affairs.
The Academic Office of the Institute exists to facilitate, initiate and co-ordinate the academic work of the Institute, particularly the teaching and assessment of students. It acts as the repository of grades and academic records of all students, both past and present. It provides administrative support to the Senate, which is the highest academic body of the Institute.
The Head of the Academic Office is the Dean of Academic Programmes, who is a senior professor of the Institute. The Dean is helped by a permanent administrative set-up headed by a Deputy Registrar (education). Academic Office closely interacts with the Dean of Student Affairs (DoSA), who looks after all non-academic problems of students. The DoSA, as the ex-officio President of the Student Gymkhana, coordinates various co-curricular activities of students.
Departments, centres, and schools
IIT Bombay has 17 departments, 13 multi-disciplinary centres, and 3 schools of excellence. The academic departments in IIT Bombay include the following:
- Aerospace Engineering
- Applied Mechanics
- Biosciences and Bioengineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Computer Science & Engineering
- Earth Sciences
- Electrical Engineering
- Energy Science and Engineering
- Urban Studies and Planning
- Humanities & Social Science
- Industrial Design Centre
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science including Corrosion Science and Engineering
The following multi-disciplinary centres are located in IIT Bombay:
- Industrial Design Centre
- Computer Aided Design Center
- Centre for Research in Nano-Technology and Sciences
- Centre for Policy Studies
- Centre for Aerospace Systems Design and Engineering
- Computer Centre
- Centre for Distant Engineering Education Programme
- Centre for Environmental Science and Engineering
- Centre of Studies in Resources Engineering. Established 1976, the center is involved in developing Remote Sensing technology and its application to natural resources management and Environmental monitoring.
- Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas
- Centre for Formal Design and Verification of Software
- Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility
- Centre of Excellence in Nanoelectronics
- National Centre for Photovoltaic Research and Education
- Society for Innovation and Entrepreneurship 
The three schools of excellence in IIT Bombay are:
- School of Biosciences and Bioengineering
- Shailesh J Mehta School of Management
- Kanwal Rekhi School of Information Technology (KReSIT)
In addition to above, IIT Bombay also offers three inter-disciplinary programs:
- Educational Technology
- Industrial Engineering and Operations Research
- Systems and Control Engineering
IIT Bombay offers a wide variety of courses of study in engineering, pure sciences, design, management and humanities with a primary focus on engineering. The university is a member of "Links to Asia by Organizing Traineeship and Student Exchange" (LAOTSE), an international network of leading universities in Europe and Asia exchanging students and senior scholars.
The Institute conducts educational programmes leading to the degree of Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech.), Dual Degree (B.Tech. and M.Tech. in 5 years), Master of Science (MSc.), Master of Technology (MTech.), Bachelor of Design (B.Des), Master of Design (MDes.), Master of Management (MMgmt.), Master of Philosophy (MPhil.) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD.) in the following areas:
|Bachelor of Technology (BTech)||Aerospace Engineering, Chemical. Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science.|
|Dual Degree (BTech, MTech)||Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering,Energy Engineering, Engineering Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science.|
|Master of Technology (MTech)||Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Geo-Exploration, Geo-informatics and Natural Resources Engineering, Petroleum Geoscience, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science. Biomedical Engineering, Corrosion Science and Engineering, Energy Systems Engineering, Environmental Science and Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR), Reliability Engineering, Systems and Control Engineering, Nanoscience, Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (Technology and Development).|
|Master of Science (MSc)||Applied Geology, Applied Geophysics, Applied Statistics and Informatics (ASI), Biotechnology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics.|
|Master of Design (M Des)||Industrial Design, Visual Communication, Interaction Design, Animation|
|Master of Philosophy (MPhil)||Planning and Development|
|Master of Management (M Mgmt.)||General Management|
|PhD||All engineering disciplines, interdisciplinary areas, science disciplines and the humanities and social sciences.|
Every year, IIT Bombay awards degrees, BTech, MTech, Dual Degree (BTech and MTech), M.Mgmt, MSc and PhD to more than 1,000 students. The undergraduate students at IIT Bombay are selected through the Joint Entrance Examination of the IITs. At a given time, the campus is home to more than 6,000 people: students, professors, and non academic staff.
In 2015 the National Virtual Academy for Indian Agriculture launched a free online agriculture course in collaboration with ICRISAT Hyderabad and IIT Bombay. From July 2016, IIT Bombay is planning to offer a four-year undergraduate programme in economics.
|University and college rankings|
|General – international|
|General – India|
|Engineering – India|
|Business – India|
Internationally, IIT Bombay is ranked overall 202 globally and 35th among Asian institutes in the QS World University Rankings(Quacquarelli Symonds) for 2015. IIT Bombay featured in top 400 in the ranking by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2015-16. In India, among engineering colleges, it was ranked second by Outlook India in 2015. Among universities in India, it ranks second in Careers360 Top Universities in India 2016. Amongst government engineering colleges, it was first by Mint in 2009. IIT Bombay is ranked 2 in National Institutional Ranking Framework published by Ministry of Human Resource Development in April 2016.
Faculty members from IIT Bombay undertake industry sponsored research and consultancy projects that are made available through the institute. These are funded by various national agencies like the Department of Science and Technology, Department of Electronics, Department of Space, Aeronautical Development Agency, Department of Atomic Energy, and Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC). Many are also working on projects of national importance. A few projects are also being funded by international agencies. Typically in one year, there are about 400 on-going sponsored projects. The sponsored research has ushered in intense research activity leading to the formation of active research groups and has helped in the creation of modern research facilities in key areas.
The office of the Dean (R&D) provides the necessary liaison with industry and sponsoring agencies. The office helps industry to identify faculty expertise and institutional facilities, and assists faculty in identifying industry problems.
There are also a number of central facilities such as the Central Library, Central Workshop, and Printing Press. Many new research facilities have been acquired or developed in the last few years. One of the most important of them is the Computer Centre which started functioning in 1986 with facilities which have been continuously updated. The Computer Aided Design Centre with its own mini computers and work stations, supplemented by additional computing facilities, caters to CAD activity in Chemical Engineering and Metallurgical Engineering. Research groups like VLSI Design, CAD/CAM also have computing facilities which are accessible to other departments for development activities. Recently, work on developing medical implants has been initiated. The OrthoCAD Network Research Cell was established in 2007 to jump-start indigenous research and development activities in orthopaedic reconstruction systems. Important experimental facilities set up by various departments include laboratories for robotics, biotechnology, microelectronics, microprocessor applications, telematics, remote sensing, low temperature physics and aerodynamics.
- Sasanka Chandra Bhattacharyya - Natural product chemist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- Dipan Ghosh – Theoretical physicist, originator of the Majumdar–Ghosh model.
- N. K. Naik – Aeronautical engineer
- Deepak B. Phatak – Computer scientist, Padma Shri award winner
- Ram Puniyani – Biomedical engineer
- C. V. Seshadri – Chemical engineer
- Tathagat Avatar Tulsi – Physicist
- Manohar Vartak – Mathematician
- Bidyendu Mohan Deb - Chemical physicist
- Pradeep Mathur - organometallic chemist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
IIT Bombay alumni include:
- Sarita Adve
- Sudhir Ahuja
- Ramani Ayer
- Pratim Biswas
- Sanjiv Bhatt – Indian Police Service officer
- V. V. Chari
- Ashish Chauhan
- K. S. Dasgupta
- Vinay Deolalikar
- Bharat Desai – Founder of Syntel
- Jaydev P. Desai
- Rajnesh Domalpalli
- Hemchandra Kekre – Head of Department of Computer Science, IIT Bombay
- Shailesh Gandhi
- Uttam Ghoshal
- Aniruddha M. Gole
- Colin Gonsalves
- Vipul Goyal
- Raj Gupta
- Kota Harinarayana
- Subrah Iyar
- Sadanand Joshi
- Vikas Joshi
- Anil Kamath
- Ravindran Kannan – Winner of Fulkerson Prize and Knuth prize
- Narendra Karmarkar – Mathematician
- Pramod Khargonekar
- Subhash Khot
- Pravin Krishna
- Sudheendra Kulkarni – Politician and columnist
- Anil Kumar
- Udaya Kumar (designer) – Designer of the Indian rupee sign
- Arun Majumdar
- Victor Menezes – Senior Vice Chairman of Citigroup
- Pranav Mistry – Computer scientist at MIT
- Dharmendra Modha
- Dinesh Mohan
- Madhavan Mukund - Dean of Studies, Chennai Mathematical Institute
- Jag Mundhra
- N. K. Naik
- Arun Netravali – Former President of Bell Laboratories
- Nandan Nilekani – Co-founder of Infosys
- Nitin Nohria – Dean of Harvard Business School
- Satyendra Pakhale – Industrial Designer and Architect
- Suhas Patankar – Pioneer in Computational fluid dynamics
- Apoorva D. Patel
- Jairaj Phatak
- Manohar Parrikar
- Ajit Ranade
- Prashant Ranade
- Prasad Ram
- Ashwin Srivastava
- T. V. Raman
- Jairam Ramesh – Politician
- Kanwal Rekhi – Businessman
- S. Shankar Sastry
- Parag Saxena
- Suresh P. Sethi
- Beheruz Sethna
- Sheel Kant Sharma
- Sunil Sivanand
- Sharada Srinivasan
- Atul Tandon – former director of Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad
- George Varghese
- Jay Narayan Vyas
- Romesh Wadhwani – Founder of Symphony Technology private equity group.
- Umesh Waghmare
- Ramakrishnan Nagaraj
- Bhavish Aggarwal
- Govindasamy Mugesh
- Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
- Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi
- Indian Institute of Technology Madras
- Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
- Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
- Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
- Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
- Indian Institute of Technology, Dhanbad
- List of universities in India
- Universities and colleges in India
- Education in India
- Distance Education Council
- University Grants Commission (India)
- Swarachakra, a text input system for Indic languages developed at IIT.
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- Dr. Romesh Wadhwani
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